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ISSN: 2161-1025
Translational Medicine
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Biomedical and Translational Research: Motivations, Challenges, and Perceived Rewards among Hispanics

Mildred Maldonado-Molina1*, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola2 and Linda B Cottler3

1University of Florida, Department of Health Outcomes and Policy and Institute for Child Health Policy, USA

2University of California, UC Davis Health System, UC Davis Center for Reducing Health Disparities, USA

3University of Florida, Department of Epidemiology, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Mildred Maldonado-Molina
University of Florida
Department of Health Outcomes and Policy
and Institute for Child Health Policy
1329 SW 16th Street, Room 5130
PO Box 100177, Gainesville
FL 32610-0177, USA
Tel: 352-294-5797
Fax: 352-265-8047
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: June 10, 2014; Accepted Date: July 18, 2014; Published Date: July 23, 2014

Citation: Maldonado-Molina M, Aguilar-Gaxiola S, Cottler L (2014) Biomedical and Translational Research: Motivations, Challenges, and Perceived Rewards among Hispanics. Transl Med (Sunnyvale) 4:134 doi:10.4172/2161-1025.1000134

Copyright: © 2014 Molina MM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Two recent studies, by Hohl et al. (2014) and Cottler et al. (2013) [1,2], provide support for the need to meaningfully engage underrepresented minorities as invested parties in community-based participatory research to address inequalities in health.

Hohl et al. (2014) [1] published a study entitled “I Did It for Us and I Would Do It Again: Perspectives of Rural Latinos on Providing Biospecimens for Research”. Investigators reported results from 39 semi-structured interviews to understand the perspectives of rural Latino farmworkers and non-farmworkers living in Yakima Valley, Washington, on providing biospecimens for research.

Findings from Hohl and colleagues should be interpreted in light of a recent, larger study published by Cottler et al. (2013) [2], entitled “Community Needs, Concerns, and Perceptions About Health Research: Findings from the Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) Sentinel Network”. This study included nearly 6,000 people from 5 sites in the United States including 1,001 Hispanic/Latino adults. Data were collected by Community Health Workers.

Findings from the Sentinel Network in particular provide new insight into a larger and heterogeneous population of Hispanics and additional evidence in each of the three themes identified by Hohl et al. (2014) [1], including a research participant’s: (1) motivations, (2) challenges, and (3) perceived rewards. The Sentinel Network reported that Hispanics (84.5%) were more motivated to participate in research studies than Asians (79.7%), but less motivated than Whites (85.5%) and African Americans (91.0%). Similarly, 75.5% of Hispanics reported a higher willingness to participate in research studies even if they had to give a blood sample compared to Asians (57.2%), but were less likely when compared with Whites (77.7%) and African Americans (82.6%). Related to rewards and compensation for a hypothetical study that involved 1.5 hours in duration and the collection of a blood sample, Hispanics reported a lower price point for what they considered a fair compensation rate ($75) to be compared with African Americans ($82); the rate was higher than Whites ($62) and Asians ($69).

Overall, findings from the CTSA Sentinel Network provide support and extend the efforts by Hohl et al. (2014) [1] to better understand the perceptions and perspectives of minorities’ communities to engage in biomedical, clinical, and translational research. Findings are relevant to the inclusion of underrepresented minorities in health-related research and the design of patient-centered interventions to reduce negative health outcomes that disproportionally influence racial and ethnic minorities.


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