Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

**Cusack P ^{*}**

Independent Researcher, Canada

- Corresponding Author:
- Cusack P

Independent Researcher

Canada

**Tel:**(506)214-3313

**E-mail:**[email protected]

**Received date: ** February 08, 2016; **Accepted date: **April 29, 2016; **Published date: ** May 05, 2016

**Citation: **Cusack P (2016) Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture Clay Institute Millenium Problem Solution. J Phys Math 7:172. doi:10.4172/2090-0902.1000172

**Copyright:** © 2016 Cusack P. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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This paper presents the solution to the Birch Swimmerton problem. It entails the use of critical damping of a Mass-Spring-Dash Pod system which, when modelled mathematically, provide the equation that allows the solution of the zeta problem to be solved.

Zeta functions; Dash pod systems; Mean functions

But in special cases one can hope to say something. When the solutions are the points of an abelian variety, the Birch and Swinnerton- Dyer conjecture asserts that the size of the group of rational points is related to the behavior of an associated **zeta function** ζ(s) near the point s=1. In particular this amazing conjecture asserts that if ζ(1) is equal to 0, then there are an infinite number of rational points (solutions), and conversely, if ζ(1) is not equal to 0, then there is only a finite number of such points [1].

**Equation of motion**

From Verruijt, we know the equation of motion for a mass –springdashpod system is:

m*d2u/dt2+c*du/dt+ku=0

So, taking the resonant frequency into account, the equation from Verruijt becomes:

d2u/dt2+2zw0*du/dt+w02u=0

Where w0=resonant frequency and z is a measure of the system damping [2].

At **critical damping**, the** characteristic equation** is the golden mean function:

x−=1/[x−1]

Or,

x2−x−1=0

The roots to this equation are, of course, -0.618 and 1.618.

Value for i-the imaginary number Now, before examining zeta z in equation form, we calculate a real value for the imaginary

[1−i]=1/[(1−i)−1]

1−i=1/−i

−i=1/[1−i]

i=1/[i−1]

x=1/[x−1]

x=-0.618, 1.618

So, = -0.618, 1.618

**Damping ratio zeta z**

Now, zeta=z=**damping ratio**=w/w0:

du0 / dw = 0 : w / w0 =

Algebraically:

du0/0=dw

w = w0*

Taking the derivative:

du0/0=dw=w′=[w0*(1−2z2)1/2]′

w0/2*(1−2z2)1.5]/1.5

In the Birch conjecture, there are two possibilities to consider [3]. They are:

z(1)=0 and z(1)(not=)0

In the first case:

0=w0/3[(1−2(1)2]1.5

0=w0/3(11.5)

W0=0

Z(1)=0,w0=0

**Critical damping**

In the second case, we have critical damping. z(1) (not=)m 0

Say z(1)=1

1=w0/3[(1−2(12)]1.5 w0=3

Or w0=C1 w0 is a **real number**. In case 1 again:

Z(1)=0,w0=0

du / dw = 0w / w0 =

w / 0 = [(1− 2(z)2)] w=0

w/w0=0/0 Dividing by zero has infinite solution. Now, finally, in the critical damping case:

We know =-0.618, 1.618. So, w=-0.618 0r 1.618 w/w0=0.618 C1/C1=0.618. Therefore there is a real solution to z at critical damping [4,5].

Simple Mechanics combined with knowledge of the zeta function and the value of the imaginary number provides the ingredients to solve the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture.

- Cusack P (2015) Astrotheology, The missing link, Cusack’s model of the Universe.Canada.
- Beer FP, Johnston ER, Dewolf J, Mazurek DF (2012) Nanoscale mechanical tailoring of interfaces using self-assembled monolayers. Mechanics of materials 98:71-80.
- Arnold V(2010)Introduction to Soil Dynamics.Springer
- Jaffe A, Edward WN(2000) Witten Quantum Yang–Mills theory. Clay Mathematics Institute
- Byron FW, Fuller RW (1969)Mathematics of classical and quantum physics, Dover, Newyork.

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