Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, National University of Malaysia, Malaysia
Received date: May 30, 2016; Accepted date: July 08, 2016; Published date: July 18, 2016
Citation: Iqbal U (2016) Book Review ‘Human Security in Malaysia and Indonesia: From Trafficking to Global Warming’ (Malay Version). Social Crimonol 4:143. doi:10.4172/2375-4435.1000143
Copyright: © 2016 Iqbal U. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Edited by Rashila Ramli and Nor Azizan Idris, this book discusses in depth about the threats faced by people in Malaysia and Indonesia to focus more specifically on the issue of human trafficking, the personal safety of women, trafficking of small and light weapons, food safety issues and the problem of heating global. Discourse of all chapters in this book tries to highlight the idea that human security is a prerequisite for human development and not vice versa. Human security as a concept is important as the concept of sustainable development and human development has achieved some success and has had to face the challenge to those who organized it in Malaysia and Indonesia. Human security in the context of national security focus on the individual and the community. It puts the individual and community to a higher level. State task is to determine the absence of a threat to the individual and the community. In the Malaysian context where safety issues are often discussed in the regional space, the desire to review and apply the concept of this shows openness acceptance of the idea that individual and community-based care. Human security is a prerequisite for human development and not vice versa.
Human security must be guaranteed critical and pervasive threats to their existence by any whatsoever, before the development of mechanisms to work. Human security as a concept as sustainable development and human development has achieved some success and has had to deal with obstacles to those who organized it. The concept and the percentage of national security cannot be used to address each one and threats that may be faced by individuals. Countries should be able to protect people from serious threats they face and the threat that globalization is not only a consequence of the war between the state and nuclear weapons, but also of environmental problems, disease, starvation, violence against women, conflict, civil war, small and light weapons proliferation, human trafficking and terrorism.
Human trafficking namely women trafficking is an issue of human rights, whether at the local or global. Both are part of the system of domination and making gender-based violence against women and girls as a profitable. The victim was left in a weakened state as a result of poverty, discrimination, violence and leaves them in a state of trauma, pain and privation. The implications of human trafficking not only from the context of the rights of the victim but also affected human security. In addition to the exploited, discriminated, abused physically and mentally, there are also the victims of beatings suffered from pain due to a lot of bleeding in the vagina because had to serve many customers overnight. Victims are also vulnerable and have also been killed, exposed to dangerous diseases such as HIV or AIDS, which resulted in suffering and death. This direct threat to national security, lead to increased domestic and global crime that ultimately threatens the entire population.
In line with the views expressed by Bajpal, K. stating that the need to protect the safety of individuals and free from any form of threats of violence either directly or indirectly. Most cases appear to show how the actual reality constantly exploited and enslaved people who are not responsible. The loss of human values and compassion, humanity is treated as inanimate objects. This was so touching for each individual called human. Following the pursuit of luxury, human become as object of trade without compassion and courtesy. In addition, the need for the enforcement of the government in addressing human trafficking syndicate that this activity is not widespread. The role of NGOs and the public is also important. This is because they represent the community in the country and they needed a voice and support in defending the rights of victims as well as bring awareness to the dangers of human trafficking syndicates. Thus all parties must play an important role in combating this syndicate. Writing this book has also answered two questions, namely how the present political representation in global governance and the extent of the influence of political representation of women empowerment in the context of the Convention of Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination and Malaysia. Analysis of the relationship between Convention of Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination and Malaysia in the area of socialization governance globally have shown that the ratification of Convention of Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination by the government has led to the empowerment of political representation which also provide a space for civil society to participate.