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Clinical Image on Aspects in Different Gynecological Surgery | OMICS International
ISSN: 2161-0932
Gynecology & Obstetrics

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Clinical Image on Aspects in Different Gynecological Surgery

Zakira Ali*, Al-khima Bafobi, Mund-el Naza and Esarkha Afolama

Women Centre, Saudi Hospital, Dubai, Saudi Arabia

Corresponding Author:
Zakira Ali
Resident, Women Centre
Saudi Hospital, Dubai, Saudi Arabia
Tel: +971 4 389 0000
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: July 30, 2016; Accepted Date: July 30, 2016; Published Date: July 31, 2016

Citation: Ali Z, Bafobi A, Naza M, Afolama E (2016) Clinical Image on Aspects in Different Gynecological Surgery. Gynecol Obstet (Sunnyvale) 6:i101. doi:10.4172/2161-0932.1000i101

Copyright: © 2016 Ali Z et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Author’s gynecology studies have given several types of surgeries and out of which are embroiled herein section below in the form of images.


Gynecology; Laparoscopy; Hymenoplasty; Penile

Gynecology Laparoscopic Surgery

Gynecologic laparoscopy is an alternative to open surgery. It uses a laparoscope to look inside your pelvic area. Open surgery often requires a large incision (Figures 1 and 2).


Figure 1: Laparoscopic view of endometriosis (the dark spots represent endometriosis).


Figure 2: Laparoscopic Gynecologic Anatomy.

Vaginal Surgery before and after: Hymenoplasty

Hymenorrhaphy or hymen reconstruction surgery is the surgical restoration of the hymen. The term comes from the Greek words hymen meaning "membrane", and raphe meaning "suture". It is also known as hymenoplasty, although strictly this term would also include hymenotomy (Figure 3).


Figure 3: Hymenoplasty in Saudi Women.

Breast Implants

A breast implant is a prosthesis used to change the size, shape, and contour of a woman’s breast. In reconstructive plastic surgery, breast implants can be placed to restore a natural looking breast mound for post–mastectomy breast reconstruction patients or to correct congenital defects and deformities of the chest wall. They are also used cosmetically to enhance or enlarge the appearance of the breast through breast augmentation surgery (Figure 4).


Figure 4: Saline overfilled breast implants.

Penile Fracture

Penile fracture is rupture of one or both of the tunica albuginea, the fibrous coverings that envelop the penis's corpora cavernosa. It is caused by rapid blunt force to an erect penis, usually during vaginal intercourse, or aggressive masturbation (Figures 5 and 6).


Figure 5: Narrowing of the penis at the site of the fracture.


Figure 6: Iatrogenic anterior stricture stage repair.

Vaginal Melanoma

Melanoma can also begin on the skin of the vagina or other internal organs. Melanoma is usually found on skin exposed to the sun and often appears as a dark-colored tumor on the lower or outer parts of the vagina (Figure 7).


Figure 7: Vaginal melanoma.

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