Garry William Lynch*
University of Sydney, Australia
Received date March 27, 2015; Accepted date March 29, 2015; Published date April 06, 2015
Citation: Lynch GM (2015) Composite Model of Full GP Structure of Ebola Virus Envelope Glycoprotein. J Mol Genet Med 9:i101. doi:10.4172/1747-0862.1000I101
Copyright: © 2015 Lynch GM. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Visit for more related articles at Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine
Depicted is a composite model of the Ebola surface glycoprotein (GP) in its trimeric configuration (monomers comprise GP1GP2 subunits) and represents a single GP spike projecting from the surface of the Ebola Virus. This figure combines the published X-ray crystallographic (core) and cryoelectron tomography (global) structures, together now with in silico modeled sections of the mucin-like domain and separately the GP stalk. The latter are missing from earlier published crystal structure determinations. The core Ebola Virus glycoprotein GP 3CSY structure (of homo-trimers of truncated GP1-GP2 monomers) was determined by x-ray crystallography at 3.4 Angstroms and is shown both at the bottom left (space filled depiction) and in the centre of the image within a composite model (white – in protein cartoon structure depiction). In silico modeling with Phyre was performed to obtain a structural model of the GP mucin-like domain (space filled top right monomer), and also incorporated into the central composite image (yellow – top). An in silico model for the GP membrane proximal stalk domain was additionally composed and is represented in trimeric configuration (space filled - bottom right) and in the centre composite (yellow strands – at the bottom). These in silico modelled structures are mapped into the composite shown in the centre with 3 separate mucin-like domains represented in yellow at the top of the trimer model, and at the base of that structure a homotrimeric stem (also in yellow). Together these components: the mucin-like (in silico modeled), core binding and fusion (x-ray crystal defined) and GP-membrane stalk (in situ modeled) regions cover the whole GP (i.e. GP1+GP2) monomer sequence and represent the pre-fusion conformation. These have been mapped in 3D space as trimers, and dispayed within the GP structure framework provided by the cryo-electron tomograph of the global GP trimer configuration.
The tomograph is shown in surface view in the top left of the figure and in the central composite image as a blue mesh background. Note: the structures of the central composite are enlarged relative to their peripherally displayed individual elements.