alexa Counselors and Teachers Ranking of Factors Causing Truancy Among Secondary School Students in Rivers State, Nigeria | Open Access Journals
E-ISSN: 2223-5833
Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Counselors and Teachers Ranking of Factors Causing Truancy Among Secondary School Students in Rivers State, Nigeria

Eremie MD*

Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Technical and Science Education, University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt Rivers State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Eremie MD
Department of Educational Foundations,
Faculty of Technical and Science Education
University of Science and Technology
Port Harcourt Rivers State, Nigeria
Tel: +2348034827746
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 13, 2015 Accepted date: August 28, 2015 Published date: September 07, 2015

Citation: Eremie MD (2015) Counselors and Teacher’s Ranking of Factors Causing Truancy Among Secondary School Students in Rivers State, Nigeria. Arabian J Bus Manag Review 5:163.

Copyright: © 2015 Eremie MD. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review

Abstract

The study was specifically designed to find out the following: (1) To know and understand the ranking of the causes of truancy among students by teachers and counsellors. (2) To set priority areas for counselling interventions. Two research questions and two null hypotheses were formulated for the investigation. The study utilized descriptive survey method. The population of the study was JSS1 students in Port Harcourt, Obio-Akpor, and Okrika Local government areas. A sample size of 150 teachers and counsellors were used by simple random sampling. The Teachers/Counsellors Truancy Rating scale (TCSTRS) was used. The study concluded that: (1) There is no significant difference between teachers and counsellors ranking of factors causing truancy among secondary school students in Rivers State, Nigeria. (2) There is no significant difference between teachers and counsellors priority in selecting areas of counselling interventions in factors causing truancy among secondary school students in Rivers State. Four recommendations were made in the research paper.

Keywords

Counselors; Teachers; Secondary school students; Nigeria

Introduction

Truancy could be seen as absence from school for no tangible or legitimate reason. Students do skip classes for several hours or the whole day at least once or several days in the academic session. Truancy in a significant problem in Nigeria and other parts of the world, mostly under develop and developing countries [1]. The outcome of truancy among secondary school students has been linked to very serious short and long term consequences for pupils, youths, families, communities in Nigeria. Based on the above background, this researcher in interested to know and understand the perception of counsellors and teachers in ranking the causes of truancy among secondary school students in Rivers State, Nigeria.

Researchers have identified several possible causes of truancy among secondary school students. These are as follows: Individual risk factors, family factors, school factors, and community factors [2]. Individual risk factors could be attributed to low self-esteem, learning disabilities, substance abuse, deviance, maladaptive and personal distress [3].

Family factors could be seen as poor or unhealthy communication climate, in which continuous distrust is the center of relationship, resulting to lack of openness and trustworthiness. Also, single parent family structure could likely contribute to truancy among students. Parents play significant roles in the upbringing of children, which in greater extent interplay with parental personality. Authoritarian parents are restrictive and demonstrate lack of outward manifestation of love and warmth toward siblings, which could lead to truancy. Similarly, permissive parents sometimes called laizsez-fair do demonstrate little control over children, who in turn develop low-achieving skills, and lack social responsibility [4]. It is often said that “charity begins at home”, so one can equally say that children learning start at home with their parents or guardians. In Nigeria some parents of low socio economic status and illiteracy often engage their children in farming and petty trading during school periods, encouraging truancy [5].

School factors are not ruled out of possible causes of truancy among students in Rivers State public and private schools. Some teachers have been found to be very unfriendly, hostile to their class children. In some cases teachers skip class for their other daily activities, leaving the students unattended to, or being occupied by regularly monitored class activities. Such behaviors of teachers encouraged truancy among students [1,5]. Also, some of the school premises are occupied with uncompleted buildings serving as hideouts for students, as such, contributing to truancy.

In addition, community factors are noticeable contributors to truancy among students. Some communities in the rural and urban areas of Rivers State encourage drug activities, gangs and other criminal activities. In other words, some communities are insecure for students to attend classes without frequent communal clashes leading to loss of lives, including innocent children. Fear of the community where schools are sited could increase truancy [6].

Statement of the Problem

Maintaining school attendance has become a major concern of school administrators, governments and parents in many private and public schools, of which the concern is greater in public schools in Rivers State, Nigeria. This is because truancy has become more common over the years and has created serious problems in the educational system today in Rivers State, and the rest of Nigeria. Many factors such as: Student’s factors, family factors, school factors, and community factors have been researched and possible solutions recommended. But rating of scale of priority of intervention of the several factors mentioned has not been fully researched.

Purpose of the Study

Specifically, the study sought to find out the following:

1. To know and understand the ranking of the causes of truancy among students by teachers and counsellors.

2. To set priority areas for counsellng interventions

Research questions

1. How do secondary school teachers and counsellors rank the causes of truancy among students in secondary schools in Rivers State?

2. To what extent school counsellors can set priority areas for counselling interventions?

Hypotheses

H01: There is no significant difference between teachers and counsellors ranking of factors causing truancy among secondary school students in Rivers State, Nigeria.

H02: There is no significant difference between teachers and counsellors priority in selecting areas of counselling interventions in factors causing truancy.

Method

The design of the study was a descriptive survey method. The population was JSS1, students in Port Harcourt, Obio-Akpor and Okirika Local Government Areas of Rivers State. The study utilized 150 teachers and counsellors, made of 90 teachers and 60 counsellors from 60 (sixty) randomly composed co-educational secondary schools. The instrument was the Teacher/Counsellors Students Truancy Rating Scale (TCSTRS). The instrument was developed by the researcher and validated by experts in measurement and evaluation. Reliability coefficient of 0.81 was established through Crombach Alpha. The “TCSTRS” was based on (Low=2, medium=3, and High=4, Highest=5) of which 5 is the highest rating of priority intervention of the factors causing truancy among students. The t-test was used to test the two hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance.

Result

Rating and Rank Order of Priority Intervention of causes of Truancy among Secondary Students by Teachers and Counsellors (90 teachers and 60 counsellors) is given in Table 1.

S/No Items Rating Rank Order
  Student Factors    
1 Poor self-concept, low self-esteem 3 3rd
2 Fear of school, teacher/administrators 5 1 (1st priority intervention
3 Emotional instability 3 3
4 Learning disabilities 3 3
5 Substance abuse 4 2 (2nd priority)
6 Deviance/Maladaptive 3 3
  Family Factors    
1 Unhealthy communication climate: Distrust 3  
2 Lack for value of education 3  
3 Financial difficulties 3  
4 Lack of parental control and supervision 3  
5 Used child for family/trading 5 1st (priority intervention)
6 Substance abuse parents 4 2nd priority intervention
  School Factors    
1 Uninteresting/irrelevant curriculture 3  
2 Teachers unfriendliness/hostile 5 1st priority intervention
3 Teachers skipping classes 4 2nd priority intervention
4 uncompleted buildings 4 2nd priority intervention
5 Poorly kept environment 3  
  Community Factors    
1 Lack of community support for schools 3  
2 Encouraging drug activities 4 2nd priority intervention
3 Insecurity: community classes 5 1sr priority intervention
4 Unsafe ennvironment. 3  

Table 1: Rating and Rank Order of Priority Intervention of causes of Truancy among Secondary Students by Teachers and Counsellors (90 teachers and 60 counsellors).

Hypothesis 1: There is no significant difference between teachers and counselors ranking of factors causing truancy among secondary school students in Rivers State, Nigeria. The result is shown in Table 2.

Variables N X STD DF P t-cal t-crit Decision
Teachers
Counsellors
90
60
16.80
15.90
8.92
8.27
148 0.05 .714 1.96 NS

Table 2: The t-test Analysis of the mean and standard Deviation of Teachers and Counsellors ranking of factors causing truancy among Secondary School Students in Rivers State.

Table 2 shows that the calculated t-values is .714 while, the critical t-value is 1.96. since the calculated t-value is less than the critical t-value, the null hypothesis is accepted, indicating that there is no significant difference between teachers and counselors ranking of factors causing truancy among secondary school students in Rivers State.

Hypothesis 2: There is no significant difference between teachers and counsellors priority in selecting areas of counselling intervention in factors causing truancy among secondary school students in Rivers State.

Table 3 shows that the calculated t-values is .387 while, the critical t-values is 1.96. Since the calculated t-value is less than the critical t-value, the null hypothesis is accepted, indicating that there is no significant difference between teachers and counselors priority in selecting areas of counselling intervention in factors causing truancy.

Variables N X STD DF P t-cal t-crit Decision
Teachers
Counsellors
90
60
33.49
33.56
3.22
3.43
148 0.05 .387 1.96 NS

Table 3: The t-test Analysis of the mean and standard Deviation of teachers and counsellors priority in selecting areas of counselling interventions in factors causing truancy among secondary school students in Rivers State.

Discussion

This study investigated the following: (1) There is no significant difference between teachers and counsellors ranking of factors causing truancy among secondary school students in Rivers State, Nigeria. (2) There is no significant difference between teachers and counselors priority in selecting areas of counselling interventions in factors causing truancy among secondary school students in Rivers State. The findings of this investigation revealed that teachers and counsellor ranking and prioritizing counselling intervention of factors causing truancy among students in secondary schools did not differ. The findings support that of Lotz and Lee [7] and Kilpatrick [8] indicating parental family influence as key contributory factor to increase truancy among students. Also, Unger and Laing concluded that youths that were allowed to work and attended school showed higher rate of absenteeism. Enomoto [9] supported that less caring teachers and administrators are contributory factor to truancy among students. Similarly, Wisconsin statues upheld that parental factors contributed highest factors of truancy among students in Wisconsin [10].

Conclusion

The study concluded that:

There is no significant difference between teachers and counsellors ranking of factors causing truancy among secondary school students in Rivers State, Nigeria. Both teachers and counsellors ranked parental factor (using child for farming/trading); school factor (fear of school, teacher/administrators) and community factor (insecurity/community clashes) were seen highest contributory factors.

There is no significant difference between teachers and counselors priority in selecting areas of counselling interventions in factors causing truancy among secondary school students in Rivers State. Nevertheless, the rankings of high and highest categories are for priority counselling interventions.

Recommendations

a. School counsellors should develop workshops to educate teachers and administrators, families, and communities on behaviour modification strategies.

b. Government should assist the school systems with adequate security services to check students leaving the school premises on school periods.

c. Government should enact tougher laws to punish parents who engage students for farm work or petty trading during school hours.

d. Individual and group counselling with adequate modalities should be provided to students with truancy associated problems.

References

 

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Relevant Topics

Article Usage

  • Total views: 11937
  • [From(publication date):
    November-2015 - Nov 18, 2017]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 8084
  • PDF downloads : 3853
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords