alexa Easing Transition Phase in Dairy Cows through Chrono-Provision of Various Starches | OMICS International
ISSN: 2329-888X
Advances in Dairy Research
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Easing Transition Phase in Dairy Cows through Chrono-Provision of Various Starches

Akbar Nikkhah*

Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

*Corresponding Author:
Akbar Nikkhah
Chief Highly Distinguished Professor
Department of Animal Sciences
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
University of Zanjan, Zanjan 313-45195, Iran
Tel: +98-241-5152801
Fax: +98-241-5283202
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 16, 2015; Accepted date: April 20, 2015; Published date: April 24, 2015

Citation: Nikkhah A (2015) Easing Transition Phase in Dairy Cows through Chrono-Provision of Various Starches. J Adv Dairy Res 3:e119. doi:10.4172/2329-888X.1000e119

Copyright: © 2015 Nikkhah A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Advances in Dairy Research


This article develops a novel farm practice to chrono-feed transition dairy cows various starch sources to optimize rumen and host metabolism. This practice aims to ease transition stress on high-merit cows and improve animal health and longevity. More fermentable starches may rather be utilized more efficiently and more healthfully in evening and overnight. More research is a must before key definitive guidelines for global use can be formulated.


Chrono-feeding; Starch; Transition bioprocess; Dairy cow; Physiology


Animals rely on circadian cycles of metabolism for healthy life. The almost 24-h period characterizes the type of physiology that maintains animal productivity and health via demanding certain optimal feeding behaviour and patterns [1,2]. For instance, recent extensive research revealed that dairy ruminants fed at night vs. morning experienced a more extensive rumen fermentation, greater rumen volume, and higher milk production [3-6]. These results were obtained with the support of maintained optimal rumen and intermediary metabolic health. This article develops a practical standard for on-farm practice and future research that specifies certain starch sources for provision at certain circadian times.

Innovation and Discussion

The fact that evening and overnight eating increases rumen and ruminant production capacity without compromising animal health and economy, suggests that ruminant biological systems are more tolerant of risky conditions during evening and night vs. morning and day times. Based on this practical and scientific rationality, more degradable starch sources including wheat, barley, and highly processed corn and sorghum may be more healthfully fed in evening vs. morning times. Concerning transition dairy cows undergoing metabolic adaptations in rumen and internal physiology and metabolism, timing of feeding various starches describes a farm strategy that aims to help ease the transition metabolic stress on rumen microbes and splanchno-peripheral cells [1,7]. In light of the increasing attention to optimizing starch and glucose assimilation in high-producing ruminants [8-10], optimal chrono-feeding will be an on-farm frontier in feasible betterment of nutrient metabolism and transition health in dairy ruminants. Practically, any managemental strategy that aims to improve transition health must be able to increase nutrient balance a foremost [1,11].

Should the more rapidly fermentable be tolerated better at certain times of the 24-h period, then feeding them at such times reduce the likelihood of subacute rumen acidosis and resulting deficiencies in immunity and overall cow health. This can facilitate the transition from heavy pregnancy into high-capacity milk production and enable a more persistent and smoother lactation curve. A key determining factor would be an accelerated rise in dry matter intake early postpartum, thereby reducing the gap between milk synthesis and nutrient intake peaks.


Chrono-feeding of various starch sources based on their ruminal extent and rate of degradation, provides a pragmatic farm strategy to help ease biotransition from gestation into lactation towards improved health and longevity.


Gratitude goes to The Ministry of Science Research and Technology, National Elite Foundation, and University of Zanjan for supporting the author’s global programs of optimizing science edification in the third millennium.


Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Relevant Topics

Recommended Conferences

Article Usage

  • Total views: 11820
  • [From(publication date):
    June-2015 - Feb 22, 2018]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 8057
  • PDF downloads : 3763

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version