University of Delhi - South Campus, New Delhi, India
Received Date: August 19, 2017; Accepted Date: September 08, 2017; Published Date: September 18, 2017
Citation: Soni KK (2017) Eclipta alba (L.) An Ethnomedicinal Herb Plant, Traditionally Use in Ayurveda. J Hortic 4:208. doi: 10.4172/2376-0354.1000208
Copyright: © 2017 Soni KK. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Eclipta alba (L.) commonly known as False Daisy, and Bhringraj, is a medicinal plant belonging to the family Asteraceae. The greyish cylindrical roots are well developed. It popularly called ‘Kehraj’ in Assamese and ‘Kayanthakarra’ and/or ‘Kaikeshi’ in Tamil. Eclipta alba sprouts in moist places as a weed in warm temperate to tropical areas worldwide. It is widely distributed throughout India, China, Thailand, and Brazil. In ayurvedic medicine, the leaf extract is used as a powerful liver tonic, and especially good for the hair and skin.
Eclipta is a small annual herb whose stem is usually erect, flat or round, blackish green, profusely branched and pubescent. Leaves are opposite, 3 to 5 cm long and blackish green in colour. The inflorescence is a head with 6 to 8 mm diameter. The flower is solitary, white, achene, compressed, and narrowly winged. Many blackish seeds are present in fruit. The appearance of the Flower starts during August- September months and fruiting occur up to November.
Eclipta alba being as a cosmopolitan in distribution, it is lavishly found in India, China, Brazil and the United States. It has been declared that plant as endangered by The United State’s Department of Agriculture. Habitat destruction, reclamation of wetlands and changes in climate seem to cause pressure on the survival and distribution of this plant as a result of which it has become rare and endangered in many parts of the world including India.
Many chemical compounds have been isolated from Eclipta alba. These include chemical compounds are resins, ecliptine, nicotine and glucosides. The plant extract accommodates plenty of bio-active steroidal alkaloids that have cytotoxicity property against certain cells. The Ethanol extract of Eclipta alba has been reported to have a neutralizing effect on the venom of rattle snakes. A number of other chemicals that have so far identified to exist in the plant extract is Wedelolactone, Demethylwedelolactone, Wedelic acid, apigenin, luteolin, b-amyrin etc. The compounds Wedelolactone, apigenin, and luteolin extracted from A. alba have been phytochemically analyzed a dose dependent Hepatitis C virus inhibition and Anti-HCV replication activity in cell culture system . Wedelolactone has been reported to have the property used for treating hepatitis and cirrhosis , as antibacterial, and antihemorrhagic . Petroleum ether and ethanol extract of Eclipta alba have reduced hair growth time by about 50% tested in albino rats (Table 1) .
|S. No.||Compound||Nature of Compound||Major source||Pharmacological activity|
|1||Wedelolactone||Coumestan||Leaves, stem,||Antihepatotoxi6, Antibacterial5, Trypsin Inhibitor, Antivenom7|
|4||Eclalbatin||Saponin||All plant parts||Antioxidant10|
|5||Dasyscyphin C||Saponin||Whole plant||Anticancer, Antiviral8|
|6||Ecliptine||Aldehyde||All plant part||Antioxidant|
Table 1: Most commonly used compounds and their nature, source and pharmacological activity.
Other known activities
Hair Color and Growth Promoting Activity
Anti-diabetic Activity/ Anti-hyperglycemic activity
Kingdom: Plantae (Figure 1)
It is one of the ten promising and said to be best herb in Ayurveda for liver cirrhosis and infectitioushepatitis. Eclipta alba is used in Ayurvedic classical as well as the patent medications. The plant has revitalizing property and has reputed as an anti-ageing agent in Ayurvedic medicine [5-10]. Also known to have hair promoting compound. In Utter Pradesh state of India leaf extract is practiced to hair to remove dandruff and also make hair silky and shiny . Tribal of Odisha state of India in some areas use whole plant to make paste with black pepper and make small pills to use as anti-fever and anti-jaundice . Tribes of Tripura state of India administer 5-10 ml of leaf juice daily against hepatic disorder . Some local people of Mount Abu in the Rajasthan state of India use the leaves and flower for the treatment of Asthma, cough, jaundice and urinary problem . Other people from Hanumangarh in the Rajasthan state of India use oil extract as hair tonic, leaf juice with honey as anti-jaundice. Leaf extract with water is giver to control the diarrhea . People of the remote area in Kanpur District of the U.P. state in India apply 2-5 g of the paste on wounds and cuts . In Nizamabad district of Maharashtra, India Plant paste is used to blacken hair and also dry powder is given to elder people as an energy tonic .