Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, and Genetics Institute, University of Florida, USA, Tel: 352-273-8131; E-Mail: [email protected]
Visit for more related articles at Journal of Phylogenetics & Evolutionary Biology
The Journal of Phylogenetics and Evolutionary Biology volume 4 issue 2, reports a variety of studies from across the Globe investigating how evolutionary events have shaped current population structures and ecological communities.
The study by Mbithe et al.  aimed at characterizing sweet potato varieties that can be used as both food and feed under the agricultural context of Uganda. To meet global food demand, mixed crop-livestock systems are the priority of small farmers in the developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa, where alternative staple food like sweet potato is grown. The outcome of this study can be helpful to the farmers for the dual purpose of providing healthier food and better feed by sweet potato production.
The study by Elsaied et al.  explored the role of gut microflora in maintaining the health of the fish flathead gray muller (Mugil cephalus) in a Mediterranean estuary, evaluating the diversity of rRNA genes of the gut microflora of both adults and fingerlings. It is the first-ever report of the presence of uncultured thaumarchaeote-like microbes in the fish gut, opening the door to exploring the biological significance of these archea in fish metabolism.
The study by Loyola et al.  analyzed the evolution of pandemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus pathogens by a process referred as read accounting. The study assessed the clonal frames of whole genomes, and the likely causes for the observed variability are proposed.
The study by Ruiz-García et al.  meticulously reported variability in mitochondrial genes of capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) sampled across the Amazon Basin. Biodiversity in the Amzon basin and its explanations have drawn the attention of naturalists worldwide since 19th century. The authors conclude that it is not easy to identify an explanation for the genetic variability observed across Capybara populations of the Amazon basin since multiple factors can have differentially impacted at different times the genetic structure of these populations.