|Merle Ratsep1,2*, Paul Naaber1,3, Siiri Kõljalg1, Imbi Smidt1, Elena Shkut2 and Epp Sepp1|
|1Department of Microbiology, University of Tartu, Estonia|
|2Bio-Competence Centre of Healthy Dairy Products LLC, Tartu, Estonia|
|3Quatromed HTI Laborid OÜ, Tallinn, Estonia|
|Corresponding Author :||Merle Ratsep
Department of Microbiology, University of Tartu, Estonia
Tel: +372 53466569
|Received August 06, 2014; Accepted August 28, 2014; Published September 05, 2014|
|Citation: Ratsep M, Naaber P, Koljalg S, Smidt I, Shkut E, et al. (2014) Effect of Lactobacillus plantarum Strains on Clinical Isolates of Clostridium difficile in vitro. J Prob Health 2:119. doi:10.4172/2329-8901.1000119|
|Copyright: © 2014 Ratsep M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Probiotic bacteria are proposed for prevention of Clostridium ifficile associated diarrhea. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of five Lactobacillus plantarum strains to the survival of C. difficile reference strains (M13042 and VPI 10463) and clinical isolates (n=12) using co-culturing and micro-titre plate assay. Changes in bacterial growth were assessed over the time period of 48 hours. Quantitative analysis of C. difficile population revealed that there was a significant decrease of C. difficile in co-culture compared to the control (p=0.01).
Susceptibility against L. plantarum was C. difficile strain specific, while L. plantarum was not affected by the presence of C. difficile. Reference strains were more sensitive to inhibition than most of the clinical strains (M13042 strain vs eight clinical strains, p=0.03; VPI vs six clinical strains, p=0.04). Fluoroquinolone resistant C. difficile strains were less inhibited by L. plantarum than sensitive strains (p<0.05). In the micro-titre plate assay experiment the inhibition of C. difficile was not related to any particular C. difficile strains however, inhibitory activity was affected by treatment of supernatants. Supernatants of tested lactobacilli inhibited the C. difficile growth from 72% to 82% if nonneutralized (p=0.001); 43% to 68% if neutralized (p=0.003) and 92% to 99% (p=0.001) if supernatant was
neutralized and heated as compared to controls.
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