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Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation | OMICS International
ISSN: 2161-105X
Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

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Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Bajaj Navin1* and Yagan Mark2

1Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore

2Department of Medicine, St Luke’s Hospital, University of Missouri Kansas City, Missouri, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Navin Bajaj
Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
Tel: 6591231994
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: September 24, 2015; Accepted date: December 29, 2015; Published date: December 31, 2015

Citation: Navin B, Mark Y (2016) He Got Nailed - A Case of Aspiration of a Metal Nail. J Pulm Respir Med 5:309. doi:10.4172/2161-105X.1000309

Copyright: © 2015 Navin B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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A 33-year-old male patient was referred to our hospital with the complaints of coughing, shortness of breath and respiratory distress present for the last three years, deteriorated within the last three months. He was not a smoker. Respiratory rate was 45 /minute. Oxygen saturation 74 % with 12 L/min, arterial blood pressure 130/86 mm/Hg and heart rate was 95/min. End-inspiratory rales were heard over all zones bilaterally. Laboratory parameters were normal. Arterial blood gas measurements were as follows in ambient air. Ph: 7.4, PaO2: 36 mm/hg, PaCO2: 32 mm/Hg. On chest X-ray, bilateral widespread alveolar infiltrations, ground glass, and crazy paving appearance were detected.

Patient was entubated in our intensive care unit. No microbial growth was found in blood, urine and sputum cultures. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was obtained from middle lobe of the right lung; PAS (+) alveolar proteinosis was detected. It was decided to carry out total bronchoalveolar lavage of the right lung first in combination with ECMO. Total lung lavage was carried out at seven-day intervals. The patient was extubated on the same day. His oxygen saturation level increased to 95 percent. On chest X-ray and thorax CT, regression was seen. Patient was discharged from the intensive care unit with oxygen support and lung transplantation was recommended. Although natural history of PAP is variable, one third of the cases may die due to progressive hypoxemia and intervening secondary infections. In cases with severe hypoxemia which can not be improved despite mechanical ventilation support, whole lung lavage with the accompaniment of ECMO may be lifesaving (Figures 1 and 2).

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