alexa Growth of Cultured White Leg Shrimp Litopenaeus Vannamei (Boone, 1931)of Brackish Water Culture System in Winter Season with Artificial Diet | Open Access Journals
ISSN: 2155-9546
Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development
Like us on:
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Growth of Cultured White Leg Shrimp Litopenaeus Vannamei (Boone, 1931)of Brackish Water Culture System in Winter Season with Artificial Diet

Jagadish Naik Mude1* and Danya Babu Ravuru2

1Assistant Professor, Department of Zoology and Aquaculture, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh–522510, India

2Department of Zoology and Aquaculture, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh–522510, India

*Corresponding Author:
Jagadish Naik Mude
Assistant Professor, Department of Zoology and Aquaculture
Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh–522510, India
Tel: 9948120530
E-mail: jagadish100 [email protected]

Received Date: November 03, 2014; Accepted Date: December 18, 2014; Published Date: January 20, 2015

Citation: Mude JN, Ravuru DB (2015) Growth of Cultured White Leg Shrimp Litopenaeus Vannamei (Boone, 1931) of Brackish Water Culture System in Winter Season with Artificial Diet. J Aquac Res Development 6:304. doi:10.4172/2155-9546.1000304

Copyright: © 2015 Mude JN, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Abstract

The White leg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei culture was conducted from three ponds each one of 0.5 ha for the study. Semi-Intensive culture system was selected under brackish water conditions. Stocking densities (post larvae) were taken from 3 samples; each one contains 50 Numbers/m2. In winter season in month of November to February, the water quality parameters were measured fortnightly in a month at 7 a. m. The production was 3200, 3318 and 3459 kg and FCR was 1.43, 1.51 and 1.46 and the final growth was 16.50, 17.00 and 17.50 g /90, 92 and 94 days for P1, P2 and P3, respectively.

Keywords

L. vannamei; Temperature; Salinity; Density; Feed; Growth and Production

Introduction

Because of the high demand for shrimps in Japan, the United States and Europe, shrimp aquaculture has expanded rapidly in all around the world, especially in tropical areas, such as Southeast Asia and Latin America [1]. Among all species of shrimp, L. vannamei, which represent over 90% of shrimp culture in the Western hemisphere, is the most commonly cultured shrimp in Central and South American countries, China, and Thailand [2-4]. India has the one of the longest line of 8118 km.

Materials and Methods

The shrimp 15 days old post larvae L.vannamei at beginning the study collected from BMR hatchery. The winter season experiments the species L.vannamei survival were 82, 84 and 86%, respectively. Water depth maintained 8 ft. The water takes from creek pumped to 3 ponds by PVC pipe (size 2½ inch). The PH, temperature, salinity and DO ranges up to 7.0-8.2, 13.0- 16.5ºC, 6.0-12.5 ppt and 3.4-4.2 ppm/day for P1, P2 and P3. The artificial diet was given made by Manamei feed (protein% 35 (Feed No. 1, 2, 3 and 3S) and 34(Feed No. 3M)).

Results

In the experiment the water quality parameters are presented (Table 1). The species L.vannamei well grow, the body weight increased 3.0-3.5 g and ADG 0.18 g (P1, P2 and P3)15 days in Indian climate conditions, which is better than other countries. In the culture system the growth rate increased due to the artificial feed supplementation in the season. The mean average weights of the shrimp at harvest were 16.5, 17.0 and 17.5 g (Tables 2, 3 and 4) and production was 3200, 3318 and 3459 kg and FCR was 1.36, 1.40 and 1.46/90, 92 and 94 for P1, P2 and P3, respectively.

Parameters P1 range P2 range P3 range
PH 7.0-7.5   7.2-7.8
Temperature (°C) 13.0-16.0   13.5-16.5
Salinity (ppt) 6.0-12.0 6.0-12.5 6.5-12.5
DO (ppm) 3.4-4.0 3.5-4.0 3.5-4.2

Table 1: Average water quality parameters

Pond Days of culture (DOC)
P1 15 30 45 60 75 90
2.00 4.00 7.00 10.00 13.00 16.50

Table 2: Fortnightly growth performance (g)

Pond Days of culture (DOC)
P2 15 30 45 60 75 92
2.00 4.50 7.50 10.50 13.50 17.00

Table 3: Fortnightly growth performance (g)

Pond Days of culture (DOC)
P2 15 30 45 60 75 94
2.00 4.50 7.50 10.50 13.50 17.50

Table 4: Fortnightly growth performance (g)

Discussion

A large number of shrimp could be assembled on the aquaria bottom from the artificial substrates [5]. Many studies have illustrated that artificial substrates could increase shrimp growth and survival [6,7]. Abiotic factors such as temperature and salinity may also affect the protein requirement [8]. “Booster” mineral is given to 3 ponds depending on biomass for development the minerals. “Opti oxygen” controls the DO. “AQ lite” for bottom clears. The shrimp maintained at 35ºC had the highest rate of food consumption Arenda et al. [9] recorded the average growth rate of 0.38 g/wk in the 90 shrimp/ m2 and lowest in the 180 shrimp/m2 (0.33 g/wk). My observation at 7-8.2ºC the shrimp highest growth rate 4 g/fortnightly (50 shrimp/m2) and lowest growth 3.5 g/fortnightly (50 shrimp/m2) /94 and 92 days. Early morning Dissolved Oxygen concentration was between 3 and 5 mg1-1; salinity was above 15% during the first week of grow out pond, which is preferable for post larvae [10-15]. In early morning I reported Dissolved Oxygen concentration was between 3.4-4.2 ppm and salinity was between 6-12.5 ppt.

For each pond cost analysis was worked out. Production cost for 1 kg shrimp (60.6, 58.8 and 57.1 counts) was calculated as Rs 300, 350 and 380. The feed cost was Rs 71.84/kg, followed by seed cost Rs 20.50/kg. Totally feed was used 2352, 2359 and 2359 kg. According to Danya Babu Ravuru and Jagadish Naik Mude, in summer season better production (kg) and profit (Rs) was 8337, 8932 and 9450; 218.34, 243.63 and 272.66/P1, P2 and P3 for 120, 123 and 126 days and 3200, 3318 and 3459; 102, 152 and 182/ P1, P2 and P3 for 90, 92 and 94 days (Table 5).

Details Pond 1 Pond 2 Pond 3
Area (ha) 0.5 0.5 0.5
Initial stocking (Numbers) 2,50,000 2,50,000 2,50,000
Density/m2 50 50 50
Stocking Date 02/11/2012 02/11/2012 02/11/2012
PL stocking (Days) PL15 PL15 PL15
Harvest Date 02/02/2013 04/02/2013 06/02/2013
Harvest size (gm) 16.50 17.00 17.50
Count (numbers/kg) 60.6 58.8 57.1
Doc 95 98 101
Survival (%) 82 84 86
FCR 1.36 1.40 1.46
ADG (g) 0.18 0.18 0.18
Production (kg) 3200 3318 3459
Total feed (kg) 2352 2359.40 2486.70
Seed cost/kg shrimp Rs 20.50 Rs 20.50 Rs 20.50

Table 5: Average Cost Analysis

Conclusion

In the present study, it has been observed, Temperature, Salinity, Dissolved Oxygen, Density and Survival. The shrimp L.vannamei culture is successful in brackish water and shrimp growth was increased with artificial feed.

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to the Farmer and Owner of the culture ponds K. Ramana (Neeli Aqua Pvt Ltd) in Chinaganjam Village, Prakasakm District, for their encouragement and provided facilities up to harvest.

References

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Article Usage

  • Total views: 13342
  • [From(publication date):
    February-2015 - Nov 18, 2017]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 9366
  • PDF downloads : 3976
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords