alexa Impact Assessment of Gomti River Water Quality after Immersion of Idols During Durga Utsav | Open Access Journals
ISSN: 2161-1009
Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry
Like us on:
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Impact Assessment of Gomti River Water Quality after Immersion of Idols During Durga Utsav

MarkandeyaTiwari1,2* and Ganesh Chandra Kisku 2

1Department of Civil Engineering, Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, India

2Environmental Monitoring Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, M.G. Marg, Lucknow, India

*Corresponding Author:
Markandeya Tiwari
Department of Civil Engineering
Institute of Engineering and Technology
Lucknow, India
Tel: +919450577490
E-mail: mktiwariiet@gmail.com

Received date: July 15, 2016; Accepted date: August 29, 2016; Published date: September 01, 2016

Citation: Tiwari M, Kisku GC (2016) Impact Assessment of Gomti River Water Quality after Immersion of Idols During Durga Utsav. Biochem Anal Biochem 5:287. doi:10.4172/2161-1009.1000287

Copyright: © 2016 Markandeya, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

Abstract

In present study, an attempt has been made to assess the deterioration of water quality of river Gomti after the immersion of idols in Lucknow city. Water samples were collected (pre, during and post-idol immersion) from 4 selected locations (1 upstream and 3 downstream) during the festival month. All samples were analyzed for physico-chemical and metallic characteristics. The mean concentrations of TSS, TDS, alkalinity, hardness, DO and BOD5 were 29 ± 7, 183 ± 9, 159 ± 20, 130 ± 5, 6.40 ± 0.18, 20.50 ± 2.38 mg/L and EC was 0.35 ± 0.02 μS/cm (before idol immersion); 61 ± 13, 260 ± 47, 202 ± 11, 162 ± 14, 5.90 ± 0.41, 29 ± 7 mg/L and EC was 0.41 ± 0.02 μS/cm (after 6 hr of idol immersion) and 25 ± 4, 205 ± 17, 206 ± 14, 137 ± 8, 6.00 ± 0.26, 22.0 ± 3.6 mg/L and EC was 0.40 ± 0.02 μS/cm (postidol immersion) respectively. The mean concentration of metals like Pb, Cr, Cd and Zn were 0.007 ± 0.013, 0.021 ± 0.023, 0.001 ± 0.000 and 0.021 ± 0.013 mg/L (before idol immersion), 0.070 ± 0.013, 0.127 ± 0.035, 0.013 ± 0.014 and 0.038 ± 0.028 mg/L (after 6 hr of idol immersion) and 0.008 ± 0.004, 0.267 ± 0.304, 0.013 ± 0.014 and 0.031 ± 0.009 mg/L (post-idol immersion) respectively. All physico-chemical and metallic parameters of water samples drawn after idol immersion was found increased to measurable levels as compared to the samples collected before idol immersion. The analysis results confirmed the presumed hypothesis that water quality of river Gomti is adversely affected due to the immersion of idols during festival season.

In present study, an attempt has been made to assess the deterioration of water quality of river Gomti after the immersion of idols in Lucknow city. Water samples were collected (pre, during and post-idol immersion) from 4 selected locations (1 upstream and 3 downstream) during the festival month. All samples were analyzed for physico-chemical and metallic characteristics. The mean concentrations of TSS, TDS, alkalinity, hardness, DO and BOD5 were 29 ± 7, 183 ± 9, 159 ± 20, 130 ± 5, 6.40 ± 0.18, 20.50 ± 2.38 mg/L and EC was 0.35 ± 0.02 µS/cm (before idol immersion); 61 ± 13, 260 ± 47, 202 ± 11, 162 ± 14, 5.90 ± 0.41, 29 ± 7 mg/L and EC was 0.41 ± 0.02 µS/cm (after 6 hr of idol immersion) and 25 ± 4, 205 ± 17, 206 ± 14, 137 ± 8, 6.00 ± 0.26, 22.0 ± 3.6 mg/L and EC was 0.40 ± 0.02 µS/cm (postidol immersion) respectively. The mean concentration of metals like Pb, Cr, Cd and Zn were 0.007 ± 0.013, 0.021 ± 0.023, 0.001 ± 0.000 and 0.021 ± 0.013 mg/L (before idol immersion), 0.070 ± 0.013, 0.127 ± 0.035, 0.013 ± 0.014 and 0.038 ± 0.028 mg/L (after 6 hr of idol immersion) and 0.008 ± 0.004, 0.267 ± 0.304, 0.013 ± 0.014 and 0.031 ± 0.009 mg/L (post-idol immersion) respectively. All physico-chemical and metallic parameters of water samples drawn after idol immersion was found increased to measurable levels as compared to the samples collected before idol immersion. The analysis results confirmed the presumed hypothesis that water quality of river Gomti is adversely affected due to the immersion of idols during festival season.

Keywords

Gomti river; Gurga utsav; Idol immersion; Physicochemical; Metallic parameters

Introduction

The Gomti river is one of the major tributaries of the Ganga instigates from a reservoir in the marshy and heavily woody area near Madho-Tanda (Miankot) with an elevation of 200 m. It is originated about 50 km south of the Himalaya foot-hills and about 3 km east of Pilibhit in Uttar Pradesh. Assessment of river water quality used for drinking and domestic purpose should be an important criterion from public health point of view especially when unwanted things that can damage the quality of water are thrown into the water bodies [1]. The Quality of water is of vital concerns for human beings, since it is directly linked to human health and other living creatures. Besides, urbanization, the material used in religious rituals like flowers, incense sticks, food, sweets, clothes etc is dispersed in nullahs and Gomti results in pollution and deterioration of river water quality which supply as portable water for urban population [2]. Durga Utsav is one such famous Hindu festival celebrated during the month of October. Traditionally, hundreds of idols of Goddess Durga and Lord Ganesha are immersed in the river water on this occasion every year, containing biodegradable and non-biodegradable materials. Festivals are an integral part of ritual and diverse cultural heritage of India. Durga Utsav is one such famous Hindu festival celebrated during the month of October. Every year on this occasion, thousands of large and small idols of Goddess Durga and Lord Ganesha are immersed in the river water. These idols are containing innumerable biodegradable and non-biodegradable compounds [1,3]. These idols are made of many materials viz. plaster of paris, papers, clay, colors, jutes, clothes, wooden frame, thermocol etc [1,4]. An analysis of water samples in Assam at Kacharighat on the post-immersion night of Durgapuja established the presence of heavy metals like lead, chromium, nickel, cadmium and zinc to a significant extent [5]. In Maharashtra Pollution Board formulated guidelines and recommendations for idol immersion [6]. Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board banned immersion of Vinayaka idols in water bodies on August 5 2009 [7-9]. A number of persistent colors and toxic chemicals leach from these idols disperse in the river water [10,11]. These toxic non-biodegradable chemicals enter into the water bodies’ then human health through food chain. With the advancement of scientific knowledge, it becomes imperative after the immersion of idols to assess the magnitude of deterioration of river water quality through water quality index and further to protect the river water quality. In this study, an attempt has been made to assess the deterioration of water quality of the river Gomti after the idol emersion. So that possible measures can be executed to protect river water quality.

Materials and Methods

Sampling locations and frequency

In the present investigation, twelve river water samples were collected (pre, during and post-idol immersion period) from 4 selected locations 1 upstream (Daliganj Bridge) and 3 downstream (Idol immersion site, Khatu Ashram and Near Barrage) during the festival month (October 2013). All samples were analyzed for physico-chemical and metallic characteristics. First set of water samples were collected a week before the idol immersion activities. During idol immersion, samples were collected after 6 hr of idol immersion activities and Postidol immersion samples were collected 3 days after the completion of immersion activities. Water sampling was carried out in acid washed polyethylene bottles of 2 L capacity. After sample collection, HNO3 was added to it for avoiding microbial degradation.

Procedures of analysis

All physico-chemical parameters were analyzed within 6 hrs whereas temperature, pH, DO, were checked at the spot during sampling. The analysis procedure is based on APHA in 2006 [7]. DO samples were fixed at the site itself and were analysed in the laboratory by Winkler’s method with azide modification. COD was determined using potassium dichromate open reflux method. The hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of water samples were measured using an electrode (Eutech- pH 700). Determination of chlorides was done by argentometric titration while nitrate was assessed by UV spectrophotometric screening method. TDS and TSS was measured by gravimetric method. Total alkalinity and total hardness were computed by titrimetric method using sulphuric acid and EDTA solutions, respectively. Sulfate was measured following turbidimetric method. Phosphate was analyzed by stannous chloride method. Fluoride was determined by the potentiometric method, with an electrode specific to fluoride ion. For metal analysis, water samples were digested with acid mixture on hot plate and their concentrations were measured by AAS [12-14].

Results and Discussion

The analyses results of physico-chemical parameters of Gomti River summarized in Figures 1 to 3 and Table 1. The average pH has increased significantly due to the immersion of idols i.e.; 8.00 ± 0.09, in pre-idol immersion it was 7.80 ± 0.08 and it again decreased down to 7.74 ± 0.09 after 3 days. Electrical conductivity was found 0.35 ± 0.02 μS/cm (pre-idol immersion), 0.41 ± 0.02 μS/cm (during-idol immersion) and 0.40 ± 0.02 μS/cm (post-idol immersion) respectively. DO is an important parameter for indicator the physical, chemical and biological activities of water body. It was 6.40 ± 0.18 mg/L during preimmersion but deceased down during immersion period i.e., 5.90 ± 0.41 mg/L because of increasing pollution. The higher values of BOD5 have direct correlation with bio-degradable materials. DO of surface water is inversely proportional to BOD5. The maximum BOD5 value was observed during immersion period was 29.0 ± 7.0 mg/L due to increase amount of decomposition of organic matter into the river water. The maximum COD value 50.50 ± 6.40 mg/L was recorded during immersion period and the lowest value was 34.80 ± 5.73 mg/L during pre-immersion phase. The values of hardness in river water were found to be 130 ± 5, 162 ± 14 and 137 ± 8 mg/L in pre, during and post immersion periods respectively. The values of total hardness in this river were below the tolerance limit prescribed by BIS [8] (Figures 1-3).

biochemistry-analytical-biochemistry-water-quality-pre-idol-immersion

Figure 1: Physico-chemical characteristics of Gomti river water quality during pre-idol immersion.

biochemistry-analytical-biochemistry-water-quality-idol-immersion

Figure 2: Physico-chemical characteristics of Gomti river water quality during idol immersion.

biochemistry-analytical-biochemistry-Physico-chemical-characteristics

Figure 3: Physico-chemical characteristics of Gomti river water quality during post-idol immersion.

Pre-idol Immersion
Sampling Sites pH Temp EC TDS TSS Hardness Alkalinity DO BOD5 COD CO2* Free Cl- Chloride Sulfate Nitrate Inorg PO42- Fluoride
Daliganj Bridge 7.40 25 0.32 170 18 135 188 6.6 19 28 20 2.09 8 18.6 0.48 0.25 0.22
Idol Immersion 7.48 25 0.35 184 30 132 158 6.5 24 42 18 2.67 24 17.4 0.54 0.25 0.21
Khatu Ashram 7.50 26 0.38 190 32 124 149 6.2 20 35 25 2.15 16 19.5 0.79 0.29 0.21
Near Barrage 7.60 26 0.36 188 34 128 142 6.3 19 34 32 1.81 13 21.4 0.78 0.28 0.22
Avg 7.50 26 0.35 183 29 130 159 6.4 20.5 34.8 24 2.18 15 19.23 0.65 0.27 0.22
Min 7.40 25 0.32 170 18 124 142 6.2 19.0 28.0 18 1.81 8 17.40 0.48 0.25 0.21
Max 7.60 26 0.38 190 34 135 188 6.6 24.0 42.0 32 2.67 24 21.40 0.79 0.29 0.22
SD 0.08 1 0.02 9 7 5 20 0.18 2.38 5.73 6 0.36 7 1.69 0.16 0.02 0.01
During idol Immersion
Daliganj Bridge 8.11 28 0.39 210 43 152 186 6.3 19 42 34.0 2.5 14 23.8 0.84 0.45 0.35
Idol Immersion 8.04 28 0.42 244 63 148 204 6.2 36 49 26.4 3.7 32 23.5 1.16 0.54 0.37
Khatu Ashram 7.93 28 0.42 322 74 176 210 5.4 31 56 35.2 2.3 28 24.2 1.68 0.59 0.36
Near Barrage 7.91 29 0.42 262 63 172 208 5.8 28 55 44.0 2.8 24 24.1 1.61 0.52 0.35
Avg 8.00 28 0.41 260 61 162 202 5.9 29.0 50.5 34.9 2.8 25 23.9 1.32 0.52 0.36
Min 7.91 28 0.39 210 43 148 186 5.4 19.0 42.0 26.4 2.3 14 23.5 0.84 0.45 0.35
Max 8.11 29 0.42 322 74 176 210 6.3 36.0 55.8 44.0 3.7 32 24.2 1.68 0.59 0.37
SD 0.09 0 0.02 47 13 14 11 0.41 7.0 6.40 7.2 0.61 8 0.32 0.39 0.06 0.01
Post-idol Immersion
Daliganj Bridge 7.80 27 0.38 188 19 132 186 6.3 17 39 32 2.42 18 21.7 0.82 0.31 0.29
Idol Immersion 7.60 28 0.39 193 26 137 208 6.2 25 49 29 2.98 25 21.5 0.77 0.36 0.31
Khatu Ashram 7.74 27 0.42 214 29 129 218 5.8 24 48 34 2.66 25 22.2 0.95 0.33 0.29
Near Barrage 7.80 28 0.42 223 24 148 212 5.8 22 47 37 2.11 19 22.3 1.12 0.31 0.28
Avg 7.74 28 0.40 205 25 137 206 6.0 22.0 46 33 2.54 22 21.90 0.92 0.33 0.29
Min 7.60 27 0.38 188 19 129 186 5.8 17.0 39 29 2.11 18 21.46 0.77 0.31 0.28
Max 7.80 28 0.42 223 29 148 218 6.3 25.0 49 37 2.98 25 22.25 1.12 0.36 0.31
SD 0.09 1 0.02 17 4 8 14 0.26 3.6 5 3 0.37 4 0.38 0.16 0.02 0.01

Table 1: Changes in concentrations of physico-chemical parameters of Gomti river (pre-idol immersion during idol immersion and post-idol immersion).

However, the presence of high levels of TDS in water may be objectionable, results in salinity of water. In present study, TDS in all the periods in different locations were within the permissible limit. The mean concentration of TDS was 260 ± 47 mg/L (during-idol immersion) and 183 ± 9 and 205 ± 17 mg/L (pre and post-idol immersion). Dissolve and suspended solids not only reduced the penetration of sunlight in river water but also decrease the rate photosynthesis and overall productivity which in turn disturbs the whole river ecosystem. Sulphate, nitrate and phosphate were found within their permissible limits of drinking water given by and IS: 10500 (2012) [8,15]. The percentage (%) increase of others parameters are given below: pH (3.20), temperature (6.78), electrical conductivity (14.80), TDS (11.75), hardness (5.20), alkalinity (29.36), BOD5 (39.02), COD (31.47), free carbon dioxide (38.21), free chlorine (16.63), chloride (42.70), nitrate (41.51), inorganic phosphate (22.93) and fluoride (36.05) respectively.

The range of metals concentrations of the Pb, Cr, Cd and Zn were found 0.070 ± 0.013, 0.127 ± 0.035, 0.013 ± 0.014 and 0.038 ± 0.028 during-idol immersion period which were markedly higher as compared to the pre and post-idol immersion data (Table 2).

  Pre-idol Immersion
Sampling Sites Ni Cr Mg Ca Zn Cu Fe Na Mn Cd K Pb Co
Daliganj Bridge 0.001 0.001 4.21 30.56 0.001 0.001 0.60 11.31 0.029 0.001 0.21 0.001 0.001
Idol Immersion 0.001 0.036 5.48 38.96 0.027 0.001 0.63 12.20 0.003 0.001 0.19 0.001 0.001
Khatu Ashram 0.001 0.044 5.66 36.36 0.029 0.001 0.64 13.42 0.026 0.001 0.17 0.026 0.001
Near Barrage 0.001 0.001 4.96 29.36 0.026 0.001 0.55 12.69 0.031 0.001 0.11 0.001 0.001
Avg 0.001 0.021 5.078 33.810 0.021 0.001 0.605 12.405 0.022 0.001 0.170 0.007 0.001
Min 0.001 0.001 4.210 29.360 0.001 0.001 0.550 11.310 0.003 0.001 0.110 0.001 0.001
Max 0.001 0.044 5.660 38.960 0.029 0.001 0.640 13.420 0.031 0.001 0.210 0.026 0.001
SD 0.000 0.023 0.650 4.597 0.013 0.000 0.040 0.886 0.013 0.000 0.043 0.013 0.000
  During-idol Immersion
Daliganj Bridge 0.001 0.084 14.478 60.056 0.001 0.001 2.304 14.52 0.055 0.001 0.361 0.077 0.001
Idol Immersion 0.029 0.164 22.110 82.976 0.062 0.001 3.092 18.84 0.065 0.024 0.134 0.084 0.001
Khatu Ashram 0.001 0.144 15.696 83.336 0.058 0.001 0.458 17.04 0.001 0.025 0.224 0.053 0.001
Near Barrage 0.001 0.116 13.716 55.536 0.034 0.001 1.054 17.35 0.053 0.001 0.200 0.067 0.001
Avg 0.008 0.127 16.500 70.476 0.038 0.001 1.727 16.935 0.043 0.013 0.230 0.070 0.001
Min 0.001 0.084 13.716 55.536 0.001 0.001 0.458 14.518 0.001 0.001 0.134 0.053 0.001
Max 0.029 0.164 22.110 83.336 0.062 0.001 3.092 18.840 0.065 0.025 0.361 0.084 0.001
SD 0.014 0.035 3.828 14.758 0.028 0.000 1.192 1.794 0.029 0.014 0.095 0.013 0.000
  Post-idol Immersion
Daliganj Bridge 0.001 0.001 7.41 41.3 0.001 0.001 0.76 11.98 0.026 0.001 0.29 0.001 0.001
Idol Immersion 0.029 0.46 8.8 47.6 0.043 0.001 0.89 13.34 0.034 0.001 0.33 0.001 0.001
Khatu Ashram 0.022 0.58 8.06 46.6 0.029 0.001 0.91 15.78 0.001 0.029 0.27 0.029 0.001
Near Barrage 0.024 0.001 7.86 45.54 0.025 0.001 0.83 14.66 0.001 0.001 0.08 0.001 0.001
Avg 0.019 0.261 8.033 45.259 0.025 0.001 0.848 13.940 0.016 0.008 0.268 0.008 0.001
Min 0.001 0.001 7.410 41.300 0.001 0.001 0.760 11.980 0.001 0.001 0.180 0.001 0.001
Max 0.029 0.580 8.800 47.600 0.043 0.001 0.910 15.780 0.034 0.029 0.330 0.029 0.001
SD 0.012 0.304 4.127 2.771 0.017 0.000 0.068 1.644 0.017 0.014 0.063 0.014 0.000

Table 2: Changes in metal concentrations (mg/L) of Gomtiriver (pre-idol immersion during idol immersion and post-idol immersion).

The statistical correlation is board class of statistical relationship between two or more variables. The correlation coefficients for different metals are given in Table 3. The correlation is considered well if r > 0.6 and marginal of 0.47 < r < 0.6. Ni, Cr, Mg, Ca, Cu, Fe and Mn correlated strongly with Mg, Cu, Ca, Zn, Na, Cu, Co, Cd, Co and Pb (r = 0.977, 0.996, 0.996, 0.979, 0.917, 0.977, 0.977, 0.992, 0.977, 0.972 and 0.926 respectively). The Ni with K; Cr with Mn, K and Pb; Mg with K; Ca with Mn, K and Pb; Zn with Fe, Mn, K and Pb; Fe with K; Na with K; Mn with Cd and K; Cd with K and Pb; K with Pb showed a negative correlation. A significance correlation was seen between Ni with Mg, Cu, Co; Cr with Zn and Na; Mg with Cu, Ca; Ca with Cd; Cu with Co; Fe with Pb and Mn with Pb. A positive correlation was seen between Mn to Cd, K, Pd and Co. A significance correlation was seen between Cr to Ca, Cd and Ca to Zn, Cd.

Metals Ni Cr Mg Ca Zn Cu Fe Na Mn Cd K Pb Co
Ni 1 - - - - - -       - - - - - -
Cr 0.709** 1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mg 0.977* 0.780** 1 - - - - - - - - -- -
Ca 0.565 0.840** 0.723** 1 - - - - - - - - -
Zn 0.554 0.979* 0.637 0.809** 1 - - - - - - - -
Cu 0.996 0.709 0.977 0.565 0.554 1 - - - - - - -
Fe 0.764** 0.093 0.686 0.091 -0.111 0.764 1 - - - - - -
Na 0.708** 0.917* 0.697 0.556 0.898** 0.708 0.125 1 - - - - -
Mn 0.500 -0.174 0.321 -0.419 -0.329 0.501 0.815** 0.081 1 - - - -
Cd 0.553 0.889** 0.704** 0.992* 0.874** 0.553 0.019 0.633 -0.445 1 - - -
K -0.667 -0.900* -0.651 -0.519 -0.891** 0.551 -0.079 -0.998* -0.068 -0.603 1 - -
Pb 0.667 -0.049 0.545 -0.131 -0.243 -0.667 0.972* 0.069 0.926* -0.192 -0.034 1 -
Co 0.996 0.709 0.977 0.565 0.554 0.977 0.764 0.708 0.501 0.551 -0.667 0.666 1

Table 3: Anova table which represent mean anthropometric variable based on occupation of parent.

Accumulation of cadmium in human body produces the toxicity of liver and kidney. Lead is a cumulative general poison, with infants, children up to 6 years of age, the fetus and pregnant women being the most susceptible to adverse health effects. Its effects on the central nervous system can be particularly serious [16]. Acute exposure of Cr results in gastrointestinal disorders, hemorrhagic diathesis and convulsions and cancerous in chronic exposure. Iron was also found excess in during-idol immersion period (1.727 ± 1.192 mg/L). Excess amount of body iron causes gastrointestinal problem. The heavy metals are known to be persistent in the aquatic environment and gradually magnify through the bioaccumulation and biomagnifications in the subsequent tropic level, when they migrate from one tropic level to higher one. All the rivers end up with the merging of sea and thereby contaminating the sea food also.

Conclusion

Our study results showed that most of the water quality parameters monitored during and post idol immersion were significantly increased. This indicates that the water quality of river Gomti is adversely affected due to the immersion of idols during festival seasons. The various bodies including educational bodies, Municipal Corporation, Pollution Control Board, Civil society and every citizen of Lucknow may participate to increase the public awareness regarding the pollution. Authority can suggest some alternative measures and implement central and state level legislations without hurting the religious sentiments of mass people. Every year, there should be an occasion of Gomti water cleaning programs and disseminate information to protect and pollution.

Competing Interests

There was no financial support provided by any agency. This study was based on our Institute fund. Both of the authors have read the manuscript thoroughly. All financial and non-financial competing interests must be declared in this section. Authors have no competing interest for publication.

Authors' Contributions

Both of the authors have equally contributed for preparation of manuscript. The experimental data generated by first author and finalization was done by second authors.

Acknowledgement

The authors are grateful to director CSIR-IITR, Lucknow, for provide necessary funds for this study.

References

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Relevant Topics

Recommended Conferences

Article Usage

  • Total views: 7887
  • [From(publication date):
    September-2016 - Apr 23, 2017]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 7844
  • PDF downloads :43
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

OMICS International Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version