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Primary Healthcare: Open Access
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Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Kancheepuram, India

Corresponding Author:
Saurabh R Shrivastava
Department of Community Medicine
Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute
Kancheepuram, India
Tel: +919884227224
Email: [email protected]

Received date: November 24, 2016; Accepted date: December 01, 2016; Published date: December 08, 2016

Citation: Lal SSRB (2016) Integrated Health Care. Primary Health Care 6:e116. doi:10.4172/2167-1079.1000e116

Copyright: © 2016 Lal SSRB. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Primary Healthcare: Open Access


Primary health care refers to the essential health care made universally accessible to individuals and acceptable to them, through their full participation and at a cost the community and nation can afford. It is equally valid for all nations ranging from the most to the least developed and has been accepted as an integral part of any nation’s health care delivery system.

Primary Healthcare is an open access peer reviewed international journal that publishes scientific advances in this field by covering various aspects of quality improvements in the primary, secondary, and pre-hospital care. The current volume no 6, issue 3 has published quality review articles, research articles and commentary.

Lopez et al. have expressed their vision for having an integrated and health and social care in Albacete. This essentially requires for a transparency in publishing data, a social participation to work with other sectors such as education and social services that requires patience, good public relations capacity and better internal communication. Simultaneously, there is a need to respond to the challenge of strengthening the global health system and even adopt innovative solutions to move closer towards the integrated and health and social care [1].

Kalyagin and Karnakova in their study have assessed the management of gout in the primary health care set-up in the Russian Federation, with an aim to evaluate the level of knowledge of out-patient doctors about modern methods of gout diagnostics and treatment. The study findings showed low level of awareness about gout among the first contact doctors - rheumatologists and therapists. Thus, it was recommended to adopt necessary strategies to augment the knowledge of classification criteria and modern clinical recommendations about medical control of gout patients among the primary health care physicians [2].

Wandra et al. discussed about the Taeniasis infection attributed to Taenia saginata or Taenia solium, due to the consumption of undercooked beef and pork respectively in Bali. It was further reported that a patient was diagnosed with the dual infection of T. solium neurocysticercosis (NCC) and T. saginata taeniasis, which was detected after administration of a single dose of praziquantel. The authors even expressed their concerns of rise in the risk of co-infections due to the impending globalization and the necessity that physicians have to be vigilant in their monitoring for adverse effects after mass drug administration [3].

Adekson emphasizes on the need of acknowledging the importance of indigenous healers practice and their potential contribution in the field of health. It is the need of the hour that the Western trained practitioners should stop considering indigenous healing and counselling as superstitious because of the secretive nature of their methods and practices. Furthermore, it even becomes more important as it encompasses the practice of holistic health and healing, and gives attention on the mind, body and spirit of an individual [4].

Zhao et al. discussed about the importance of intellectual property rights of drug in the pharmaceutical industry as well as in the society. There is no doubt that patent protection is one of the most crucial components of intellectual property right of drug, which plays a defining role does in safeguarding the development of a drug. It further explores the strategies adopted by some of the pharmaceutical companies' to develop new drug with existing patents, and given emphasis on creating awareness among Chinese pharmaceutical companies with references on fully using patent resources to develop drugs [5].

Vila-Corcoles et al. in his study investigated the prevalence of highrisk underlying conditions for pneumococcal disease among people above 50 years in Catalonia, Spain. The prevalence was found to be ten percent among people above 50 years of age, who have any high-risk factor for pneumococcal vaccination, the most common being immune compromising conditions [6].

Brhanie and Asires in their article identified the factors affecting modern contraceptive utilization in Merawi Town, of Northwest Ethiopia. It was observed that prevalence of contraceptive usage was low mostly due to the opposition by their partners or religious leaders. It has been recommended that the government as well as nongovernmental agencies should aim to improve community awareness on contraceptive usage and family planning [7].

A cross-sectional study was conducted by Brhanie and Anteneh to assess the utilization of institutional delivery services and the determinants for the same in Gonji Kollela District, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. It was observed that both the level of utilization of institutional delivery service and antenatal care visits was low in the last pregnancy of study participants. Further, factors like educational status, monthly incomes, ANC visit, distance of health institute, gravidity and abortion experience were found to be significantly associated with the utilization of institutional delivery service [8].

Gelbard has discussed about the findings of clinical studies which establishes a conclusive correlation between lower levels of Vitamin D and increase in the severity of the symptoms of Scleroderma. However, it is the need of the hour to conduct more studies to explore the scope of Vitamin D Supplementation in the treatment of Scleroderma [9].

Gelbard has emphasized on the utility of administration of folate in patients of Crohn’s disease. Even though, not all cases of Crohn’s disease have reported folate deficiency and its role in the pathogenesis still remains inconclusive, nevertheless administration of dietart folate has resulted in significant improvement, better appetite, and weight gain among patients of Crohn’s disease [10].

Hennrikus et al. have explored the consequences of hyponatremia among orthopedic patients and approaches to respond to it. It also assesses the prevalence, timing, causes and outcomes of hyponatremia among hospitalized orthopaedic surgery patients. Finally, it concludes that by understanding the mechanism of hyponatremia in orthopedic patients and being attentive to perioperative intravenous fluids can play a significant role in improving clinical outcomes of patients [11].


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