Life - A Complex Spontaneous Process Takes Place against the Background of Non-Spontaneous Processes Initiated by the Environment
Received Date: Jun 21, 2017 / Accepted Date: Jul 14, 2017 / Published Date: Jul 21, 2017
The author believes that hierarchical thermodynamics is the foundation of extended Darwinism. To the extent of its applicability, hierarchical thermodynamics cannot be refuted.
Keywords: Hierarchical thermodynamics; Evolution; Life; Origin of life; Aging; Principle of substance stability
Modern hierarchical thermodynamics explains the phenomenon of life and makes some predictions. The evolution of living beings is associated with directed and random processes. Directed spontaneous processes take place within the quasi-closed living systems. Random or non-spontaneous processes are initiated by the environment and proceed also in these systems. In general, spontaneous evolutionary processes in living systems occur against a background of periodic and / or unpredictable changes in the environment, which (changes) are however compatible with life. When the role of non-spontaneous processes is relatively small, the tendency of the spontaneous processes directed by the second law is manifested. This tendency is manifested in the long stages of biological evolution in the absence of revolutionary changes in the environment (volcanic eruptions, the fall of meteorites and similar phenomena). The presented considerations are applicable to phylogenies and ontogeny (aging of living beings). My thermodynamic theory may be agreed with the representations of the theory of punctuated equilibria of Stephen Jay Gould and his colleague Niles Eldredge.
The simultaneous participation of spontaneous and unpredictable non-spontaneous processes in evolution makes it difficult to understand evolutionary transformations from the standpoint of general evolutionary biology and leads to ideas about intelligent design for explaining the origin of life and its evolution. These circumstances also lead to the fact that Some scientists would like to create the new theory of biological evolution.
Many scientists believe that the general laws of nature explain the origin of life, its evolution. The general laws of nature include conservation laws, the second law of thermodynamics, and also the statistical law. In addition, the general laws include the law of temporary hierarchies and the principle of substance stability. We are not knowing why these laws exist in nature and determine the development of our universe. At this stage of understanding our world, some people come to the idea about the Creator. Some scientists consider that the Creator to be the very nature. The author of this note thinks that the origin of life and its evolution does not require the intervention of intellectual design, since in this case, general laws of nature are sufficient to explain these phenomena.
To the extent of its applicability, thermodynamics rules everything that happens in our world.
The author believes that hierarchical thermodynamics is the foundation of extended Darwinism. Information on the thermodynamic theory of biological evolution is available in scientific journals of open access [1-3].
- Gladyshev GP (2017) On General Physical Principles of Biological Evolution. International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences 5: 5-10.
- Gladyshev GP (2017)Hierarchical Thermodynamics: Foundation of Extended Darwinism. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research 3: 1576-1588.
Citation: Gladyshev GP (2017) Life - A Complex Spontaneous Process Takes Place against the Background of Non-Spontaneous Processes Initiated by the Environment. J Thermodyn Catal 8: 188. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7544.1000188
Copyright: © 2017 Gladyshev GP. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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