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ISSN: 2332-2543
Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species
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Monitoring on bird communities present in a Regional Nature Reserve in the municipality of Rome.

Alessio Rivola* and Alessandro Ammann

Associazione Culturale Nereide Via di Torre Gaia 52 00133, Rome, Italy

*Corresponding Author:
Alessio Rivola
Associazione Culturale Nereide Via di Torre Gaia 52 00133, Rome, Italy
Tel: 0670491691
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 04, 2014; Accepted date: June 05, 2014; Published date: June 13, 2014

Citation: Rivola A, Ammann A (2014) Monitoring on Bird Communities Present in a Regional Nature Reserve in the Municipality of Rome. J Biodivers Endanger Species 2:131. doi: 10.4172/2332-2543.1000131

Copyright: © 2014 Rivola et al., This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Abstract

The Marcigliana Regional Natural Reserve was established in 1997 in the northern area of Rome district. It is 4,729 hectares wide and it is managed by the Regional Istitutio “Roma Natura” and the importance of the area, object of our study, is demonstrated by the specific richness and mainly by the percentage of Passerine/Non Passerine that show the great importance of mosaic agriculture areas for birds' conservation.

Keywords

Bird Communities; Marcigliana Regional Natural Reserve; Municipality of Rome

Study area

The Marcigliana Regional Natural Reserve was established in 1997 in the northern area of Rome district. It is 4,729 hecatrs wide and it is managed by the Regional Istitutio “Roma Natura” [1].

Its environment is mainly constituted by low-high hills, which are cultivated with wheat, corn and Mediago sativa, by areas which are destined to grazing and finally by valleys all covered by oak-woods (Quercus spp.), often mixed white mapels (Acer campestris and elms (Ulmus campestris)[2,3].

There are several channels e some ponds with Igrophilic vegetation, among which we can find of poplar (Populus spp.) and willows (Salix spp.).

Only 2% of entire area is urbanized.

Al thug this i san area of great environmental importance, it has never been studied until this study.

Material and Methods

The authors have carried out the researches between November 2012 and august 2013, with two trips per month, and from January 2011, with less frequent trips are also carried three night trips [4-7].

This study is at preliminary step and is going to last at least for one more year.

Surveys with the Regional reserve guard have been also carried out to get more information about the presence of some species.

On the basis of the dates of examination and of the behaviour of the single species, we tried to attribute these species with the following Phenology:

•W (wintering) = Species observed in winter time o during winter birds census (15 December. 15 January)

•B (breeding) certainly = See the nest, juvenile, transport breakful or transport material for the nest

•B probably = Song, territorial defense or mating

•B possible = Specie observed during the reproductive period

•M (migratory) = All remaining cases (reg. = regular, irr = irregular)

Results

The species of birds that were observed in the Reserve are 97 in total, of which 52 are Non-Passerine (54%) while 45 are Passerine (46%) (Table 1). In the present research it was not included Calandrella brachydactyla, which was spotted during a previous research on the birds of this Reserve, but that was not reconfirmed in the present study.

SPECIES PHENOLOGY SPEC LIST ITALIAN RED LIST LATIUM REGIONAL RED LIST EUROPEAN STATUS
Anascrecca W, M   EN NA  
Anasplatyrhyncos W, M, B cert.   EN NA  
Phalacrocoraxcarbo W, M   EN NA  
Ardeacinerea W, M   LR NA  
Bubulcus ibis W, M   VU NA  
Egrettagarzetta W, M     NA  
Ardeolaralloides M irr.        
Pernisapivorus M, B prob. 3 VU VU Vulnerable
Aquila pennata M irr. 3      
Circus cyaneus M reg. W   Ex   Declining
Circus pygargos M reg., B?   VU EN  
Circus aeruginosus M reg.   En    
Milvusmigrans M reg, B prob. 3 VU VU Vulnerable
Accipiter nisus W, M, B prob.        
Buteobuteo W, M, B prob.        
Falco peregrinus W, M, B poss.   VU NT  
Falco tinnunculus W, M, B cert. 3     Rare
Falco naumanni M        
Falco subbuteo B poss.   VU VU  
Phasianuscolchicus W, M, B cert.        
Grusgrus M irr.        
Gallinulachloropus W, M, B cert.        
Himantopushimantopus M irr.   LR NA  
Philomacuspugnax M irr.        
Tringaochropus M reg.        
Gallinagagallinago M reg.        
Scolopaxrusticola M reg.        
Vanellusvanellus M reg., W reg.        
Larusmichaellis W, M reg.        
Chroicocephalusridibundus W, M        
Columba livia (feral pigeon) M, W, B        
Columba palumbus W, M, B poss.        
Streptopeliadecaocto W, M, B prob.        
Strepropeliaturtur M, B prob.       Declining
Psittaculakrameri W, M, B cert.        
Cuculuscanorus M, B prob.        
Strixaluco W, B cert        
Athenenoctua W, B cert 3     Declining
Asiootus B poss.        
Tyto alba W, B poss.        
Apusapus M reg, B prob.        
Alcedoatthis W        
Upupaepops M, B poss. 3     Declining
Meropsapiaster M reg, B prob. 3     Depauperate
Picusviridis W, B prob. 2 LR   Depauperate
Dendrocops minor W, B poss.   LR    
Dendrocops major W, B prob.        
Galeridacristata W, M, B prob. 3 DD   Depauperate
Alaudaarvensis W, M, B poss. 3     Depauperate
Anthuspratensis W, M 4 NE    
Motacilla alba W, M, B prob.        
Motacillaflava W        
Hirundorustica W, M, B cert. 3     Declining
Cecropisdaurica M irr.   CR NA  
Delichonurbicum M, B prob. 3      
Prunellamodularis W   DD   Depauperate
Troglodytes troglodytes W, B poss.        
Lusciniamegarhyncos M reg, B prob.        
Saxicolatorquatus W, M, B poss.        
Phoenicurusochruros W        
Turdusmerula W, M, B cert.        
Turdusphilomelos M reg.        
Sylvia atricapilla W, M, B prob.        
Sylvia melanocephala W, M, B prob.        
Sylvia cantillans M, B poss.        
Cisticolajuncidis W, M, B prob.        
Cettiacetti W, M, B prob.        
Hippolaispolyglotta M, B cert.        
Phylloscopuscollybita W, M, B prob.        
Phylloscopussibilatrix M reg.        
Regulusregulus W        
Regulusignicapilla W, M, B prob.        
Parus major W, M, B prob.        
Cyanistescaeruleus W, M, B prob.        
Aegithaloscaudatus W, M, B prob.        
Certhiabrachydactyla W, M, B prob.        
Laniuscollurio M, B cert. 3     Depauperate
Lanius senator M, B poss. 2     Depauperate
Pica pica W, M, B cert.        
Garrulusglandarius W, M, B prob.        
Corvusmonedula W, B prob.        
Corvuscornix W, M, B cert.        
Sturnus vulgaris W, M, B cert. 3     Declining
Oriolusoriolus M, B poss.        
Passer italiae W, M, B cert. 3     Declining
Passer montanus W, M, B poss. 3     Declining
Fringillacoelebs W, M, B prob.        
Cardueliscarduelis W, M, B prob.        
Chlorischloris W, M, B prob.        
Serinusserinus W, M, B prob.        
Emberizaschoeniclus W        
Emberizacirlus W, M, B poss.        
Emberizacalandra W, M, B prob. 2     Declining

Table 1: Check List of Marcigliana Natural Reserve

There are 19 species (18.7%) which are included in the European SPEC 1-3 lists; 19 species (18.7%) are included in the Italian Red List and 14 species (13.1%) are instead included in the Regional Red List of Latium. Particularly interesting is the high number of species of raptors spotted (12), 7 of which breeding, and 5 wintering. Among the breeding species the most important is the Circus pygargos, which is at risk of extinction of great importance is also the density of Strigiformes, with at least 14 territories of Atehena noctua, 9 of Strix aluco al and at least one each of Tyto alba and Asio otus.

Despite being the right habitat for Caprimulgus europaeus and Otus scops, these species have never been spotted during previous researches.

It would be interesting to do some more researches on the following species:

Circus pygargus, first spotted in 2012. During our study, it was observed 5 times between May and August. It would be necessary to confirm the breeding of this species in this Reserve, for the conversation of this species in Latium.

Milvus migrans, regularly observed with many individuals and so there might be pairs breeding in this Reserve.

Lanius minor, of which there are 5 pairs in the Reserve.

Lanius senator, of which there is one pair in the Reserve (Carlo Catoni, personal communication).

Conclusion

The importance of the area, object of our study, is demonstrated by the specific richness and mainly by the percentage of Passerine/Non Passerine that show the great importance of mosaic agriculture areas for birds' conservation.

Acknowledgement

The Reserve staff and Managing Directors and everyone who contributed to our study with additional data.

Summary

Birds of the Regional Reserve of the Marcigliana, Rome, Central Italy.

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