Alessio Rivola* and Alessandro Ammann
Associazione Culturale Nereide Via di Torre Gaia 52 00133, Rome, Italy
Received date: April 04, 2014; Accepted date: June 05, 2014; Published date: June 13, 2014
Citation: Rivola A, Ammann A (2014) Monitoring on Bird Communities Present in a Regional Nature Reserve in the Municipality of Rome. J Biodivers Endanger Species 2:131. doi: 10.4172/2332-2543.1000131
Copyright: © 2014 Rivola et al., This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Visit for more related articles at Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species
The Marcigliana Regional Natural Reserve was established in 1997 in the northern area of Rome district. It is 4,729 hectares wide and it is managed by the Regional Istitutio “Roma Natura” and the importance of the area, object of our study, is demonstrated by the specific richness and mainly by the percentage of Passerine/Non Passerine that show the great importance of mosaic agriculture areas for birds' conservation.
Bird Communities; Marcigliana Regional Natural Reserve; Municipality of Rome
The Marcigliana Regional Natural Reserve was established in 1997 in the northern area of Rome district. It is 4,729 hecatrs wide and it is managed by the Regional Istitutio “Roma Natura” .
Its environment is mainly constituted by low-high hills, which are cultivated with wheat, corn and Mediago sativa, by areas which are destined to grazing and finally by valleys all covered by oak-woods (Quercus spp.), often mixed white mapels (Acer campestris and elms (Ulmus campestris)[2,3].
There are several channels e some ponds with Igrophilic vegetation, among which we can find of poplar (Populus spp.) and willows (Salix spp.).
Only 2% of entire area is urbanized.
Al thug this i san area of great environmental importance, it has never been studied until this study.
This study is at preliminary step and is going to last at least for one more year.
Surveys with the Regional reserve guard have been also carried out to get more information about the presence of some species.
On the basis of the dates of examination and of the behaviour of the single species, we tried to attribute these species with the following Phenology:
•W (wintering) = Species observed in winter time o during winter birds census (15 December. 15 January)
•B (breeding) certainly = See the nest, juvenile, transport breakful or transport material for the nest
•B probably = Song, territorial defense or mating
•B possible = Specie observed during the reproductive period
•M (migratory) = All remaining cases (reg. = regular, irr = irregular)
The species of birds that were observed in the Reserve are 97 in total, of which 52 are Non-Passerine (54%) while 45 are Passerine (46%) (Table 1). In the present research it was not included Calandrella brachydactyla, which was spotted during a previous research on the birds of this Reserve, but that was not reconfirmed in the present study.
|SPECIES||PHENOLOGY||SPEC LIST||ITALIAN RED LIST||LATIUM REGIONAL RED LIST||EUROPEAN STATUS|
|Anasplatyrhyncos||W, M, B cert.||EN||NA|
|Bubulcus ibis||W, M||VU||NA|
|Pernisapivorus||M, B prob.||3||VU||VU||Vulnerable|
|Aquila pennata||M irr.||3|
|Circus cyaneus||M reg. W||Ex||Declining|
|Circus pygargos||M reg., B?||VU||EN|
|Circus aeruginosus||M reg.||En|
|Milvusmigrans||M reg, B prob.||3||VU||VU||Vulnerable|
|Accipiter nisus||W, M, B prob.|
|Buteobuteo||W, M, B prob.|
|Falco peregrinus||W, M, B poss.||VU||NT|
|Falco tinnunculus||W, M, B cert.||3||Rare|
|Falco subbuteo||B poss.||VU||VU|
|Phasianuscolchicus||W, M, B cert.|
|Gallinulachloropus||W, M, B cert.|
|Vanellusvanellus||M reg., W reg.|
|Larusmichaellis||W, M reg.|
|Columba livia (feral pigeon)||M, W, B|
|Columba palumbus||W, M, B poss.|
|Streptopeliadecaocto||W, M, B prob.|
|Strepropeliaturtur||M, B prob.||Declining|
|Psittaculakrameri||W, M, B cert.|
|Cuculuscanorus||M, B prob.|
|Strixaluco||W, B cert|
|Athenenoctua||W, B cert||3||Declining|
|Tyto alba||W, B poss.|
|Apusapus||M reg, B prob.|
|Upupaepops||M, B poss.||3||Declining|
|Meropsapiaster||M reg, B prob.||3||Depauperate|
|Picusviridis||W, B prob.||2||LR||Depauperate|
|Dendrocops minor||W, B poss.||LR|
|Dendrocops major||W, B prob.|
|Galeridacristata||W, M, B prob.||3||DD||Depauperate|
|Alaudaarvensis||W, M, B poss.||3||Depauperate|
|Motacilla alba||W, M, B prob.|
|Hirundorustica||W, M, B cert.||3||Declining|
|Delichonurbicum||M, B prob.||3|
|Troglodytes troglodytes||W, B poss.|
|Lusciniamegarhyncos||M reg, B prob.|
|Saxicolatorquatus||W, M, B poss.|
|Turdusmerula||W, M, B cert.|
|Sylvia atricapilla||W, M, B prob.|
|Sylvia melanocephala||W, M, B prob.|
|Sylvia cantillans||M, B poss.|
|Cisticolajuncidis||W, M, B prob.|
|Cettiacetti||W, M, B prob.|
|Hippolaispolyglotta||M, B cert.|
|Phylloscopuscollybita||W, M, B prob.|
|Regulusignicapilla||W, M, B prob.|
|Parus major||W, M, B prob.|
|Cyanistescaeruleus||W, M, B prob.|
|Aegithaloscaudatus||W, M, B prob.|
|Certhiabrachydactyla||W, M, B prob.|
|Laniuscollurio||M, B cert.||3||Depauperate|
|Lanius senator||M, B poss.||2||Depauperate|
|Pica pica||W, M, B cert.|
|Garrulusglandarius||W, M, B prob.|
|Corvusmonedula||W, B prob.|
|Corvuscornix||W, M, B cert.|
|Sturnus vulgaris||W, M, B cert.||3||Declining|
|Oriolusoriolus||M, B poss.|
|Passer italiae||W, M, B cert.||3||Declining|
|Passer montanus||W, M, B poss.||3||Declining|
|Fringillacoelebs||W, M, B prob.|
|Cardueliscarduelis||W, M, B prob.|
|Chlorischloris||W, M, B prob.|
|Serinusserinus||W, M, B prob.|
|Emberizacirlus||W, M, B poss.|
|Emberizacalandra||W, M, B prob.||2||Declining|
Table 1: Check List of Marcigliana Natural Reserve
There are 19 species (18.7%) which are included in the European SPEC 1-3 lists; 19 species (18.7%) are included in the Italian Red List and 14 species (13.1%) are instead included in the Regional Red List of Latium. Particularly interesting is the high number of species of raptors spotted (12), 7 of which breeding, and 5 wintering. Among the breeding species the most important is the Circus pygargos, which is at risk of extinction of great importance is also the density of Strigiformes, with at least 14 territories of Atehena noctua, 9 of Strix aluco al and at least one each of Tyto alba and Asio otus.
Despite being the right habitat for Caprimulgus europaeus and Otus scops, these species have never been spotted during previous researches.
It would be interesting to do some more researches on the following species:
Circus pygargus, first spotted in 2012. During our study, it was observed 5 times between May and August. It would be necessary to confirm the breeding of this species in this Reserve, for the conversation of this species in Latium.
Milvus migrans, regularly observed with many individuals and so there might be pairs breeding in this Reserve.
Lanius minor, of which there are 5 pairs in the Reserve.
Lanius senator, of which there is one pair in the Reserve (Carlo Catoni, personal communication).
The importance of the area, object of our study, is demonstrated by the specific richness and mainly by the percentage of Passerine/Non Passerine that show the great importance of mosaic agriculture areas for birds' conservation.
The Reserve staff and Managing Directors and everyone who contributed to our study with additional data.
Birds of the Regional Reserve of the Marcigliana, Rome, Central Italy.