Neurosciences and Gender Equality
Received Date: Jan 08, 2018 / Accepted Date: Jan 18, 2018 / Published Date: Jan 25, 2018
For a long time and in different areas of human knowledge, the difference between men and women has undoubtedly been very marked; perhaps for social, religious and other reasons the attributes of the feminine component have been obscured; the subtle differences between genders at least in the field of science have been omitted. The neurosciences is a set of united sciences that seek to answer different questions from an integral point of view using the scientific method focused on the brain, the mind and human behavior; The differences between genders and above all their complementarity is the motive that moves me to the realization of this article.
At the time of writing this work, the best example can cite to echo to express here is an experience in early years as a medical student that mention below:
In a neuroanatomy class we were talking about the cerebral hemispheres and their various components, during the teacher’s explanation one of classmates, a totally auditory talented1 young woman near the end of the class asks the professor:
-Is there a difference between the brains of men and women in their smaller structures?
The teacher’s response was:
-All the brains are equal maybe the woman’s is made to give more complications-
The girl with a nobility typical of the heroes of other times withstand laughter, keep taking notes and withdraw from the class with a decisive attitude to get an answer to hers question in the library, we did not have smartphones at that time, that was of this girl after graduating do not know, almost sure it was dedicated to a clinical area, but it was not the last example saw similar to that.
The brain is a universal structure you may have been born in Kerala, Okinawa or Berlin, you will have an organ made up of neurons and these in turn by chemical mediators called neuro transmitters; these are present in all living beings, based on these premise see individuals as entities with great similarities is almost indisputable. This attribute was one of the ones that attracted me to the neurosciences, to see patterns, to look for similarities, not to look for differences; this motive and the temperance of that companion are the ones that lead me to write this article.
Goleman2 one of the authors who has contributed most to the knowledge of emotional intelligence in his books: Emotional Intelligence applied to business and Focus; he mentions the attributes of emotional intelligence along with their corresponding neurophysiological mechanisms in the brain . The capacity to be compressive, empathic, to feel the emotions of others is a universal capacity that in the past was only attributable to the female population but that today it is certain that all individuals possess them in one way or another.
Ruth Malloy3 professor and speaker of the United States in her seminars and publication work has explained how the male or female components or attributes are necessary for the best leadership, the vision of authoritarian leader, selfish has repeatedly demonstrated to lead to failure various initiatives.
It is important to emphasize that we are an integrated system that is not separate. From the first years of any career in the health sector we must know that, hormones such as: oxytocin, testosterone and estrogen4 are going to have an obvious impact on our body also in our brain, the presentation of myocardial infarction can vary in men and women5 and it would be another medical example. These conditions help us to understand the individualities of the genres we can also learn how they affect the brain, mind and behavior topics of neuroscience studies.
In Europe some years ago an institution with the help of professionals of different nationalities developed an initiative called Women’s Brain Project6 , see its website and conferences, encouraging an integrated search of the understanding of individualities of the brain is really satisfactory, especially in areas as Alzheimer’s disease one of the neurosciences chimeras.
Seeing initiatives such as those promoted by Singer et al.  in Germany at the Max Planck Institute or in the United States by Riess et al. , about the compassion and empathy that can be developed by both genders is important for all those who want to understand the neurosciences more and help humanity through the sciences.
Europe and North America are those that lead the spearhead in the debate of gender differences in search of equity from the scientific point of view, neurosciences as its different branches: psychological, medical, biological and sociological seeks to give its contribution; aware that in Asia as India there is a frank desire to join the investigation, convinced that bonds can be established to be like that. Latin America has the potential to do so but there must be greater communication among scientists and support for these valuable initiatives.
Dear reader, thank you for reading these lines. The limitations are always the tests that must be borne by all those who search the sciences for answers not only for themselves but for other people aware of the limitations of this article, but appeal to your desire to search, not to limit yourself, to seek and continue to expand existing theories.
Trying to remove the feminine and masculine attributes of our brain is like wanting to practice a lobotomy, leaving us incomplete. Neurosciences in their multiple studies can attest to that.
We need all attributes, we need to understand behaviors and enhance discipline, logic, creativity, empathy not matter the gender if not emphasizing that we are human beings, the past is riddled with errors, pain and much suffering. Let’s see the attributes of the genres and so we come to address this grail called the human brain [4,5].
1In relation to neuro linguistic programming (NLP) skills: auditory, kinesthetic and visual
- Goleman D (2013) The brain and emotional intelligence: New insights.
- Riess H, Kelley JM, Bailey RW, Dunn EJ, Phillips M (2012) Empathy training for resident physicians: A randomized controlled trial of a neuroscience informed curriculum.
- Singer T, Critchley HD, Preuschoff K (2009) A common role of insula in feel- ings, empathy and uncertainty. Trends Cogn Sci 13: 334-340.
- Davis S, Maria S (2011) La cardiopatía isquémica en la mujer. Rev Latino-AmEnfermagem.
- Guytony Hall (2012) Compendium of physiologyguyton. Elsevier Sauders, Barcelona.
Citation: Jimenez L (2018) Neurosciences and Gender Equality. Clin Exp Psychol 4: 181. Doi: 10.4172/2471-2701.1000181
Copyright: © 2018 Jimenez L. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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