First Surgical Clinic, Clinical Center of Serbia, Serbia
Received date: May 10, 2016; Accepted date: November 22, 2016; Published date: November 26, 2016
Citation: Kmezic S, Antic A, Pejovic I (2016) Polyposis of Terminal Ileum as an Uncommon Cause of Gastrointestinal Bleeding. J Clin Case Rep 6:892. doi: 10.4172/2165-7920.1000892
Copyright: © 2016 Kmezic S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Gastrointestinal bleeding is not always easy to detect. Bleeding can come from any part of digestive tract, from mouth to the rectum. It can be from small amount that is only detectable by laboratory testing, to massive bleeding that can cause hemorrhagic shock. Benign small-bowel tumors may develop as a single lesion or as multiple lesions of several sub-types.
Gastrointestinal; Bleeding; Anaemia; Small bowel tumors
Gastrointestinal bleeding is not always easy to detect. Bleeding can come from any part of digestive tract, from mouth to the rectum. It can be from small amount that is only detectable by laboratory testing, to massive bleeding that can cause hemorrhagic shock. Benign smallbowel tumors may develop as a single lesion or as multiple lesions of several sub-types. Polyps or tumors of any type can be a source of small bowel bleeding in about 6.5% cases .
A 39-years old male Caucasian came to our Clinic after diagnostic evaluation performed by haematologist due to anaemia and general weakness. Patient is without any co-morbidity. Since the symptoms were persistent (hemoglobin 67 g/l) and general condition of patient worsens the intensive conservative treatment started with blood transfusions. Urgent esophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed and no ulcer, neoplasm or sign of bleeding were noticed. Colonoscopy and MDCT of abdomen were also performed with no clinically relevant findings. Since the colon was elongated and cecum hasn’t been visualized during colonoscopy we did CT colonography in addition. On CT colonography 2cm wide polypoid tumor of ileocoecal valve was described. After this finding patient undergone surgical treatment and right hemicolectomy was performed. In specimen , in terminal ileum, there were multiple polyps that were also noticed on Bauchini valve. Pathohistological diagnosis was: Polyposis lymphoid ilea et coeco-ascedentis. After surgical treatment patient Bohemian was corrected and his overall condition got better (Figures 1-3).
Small bowel diagnostics should be carried out if the etiology of an anaemia is not certain . As mentioned before tumors of small bowel can be a source bleeding in about 6.5% cases. This tumors often goes undiagnosed because of inaccessibility of small intestine during endoscopic procedures . Video capsule endoscopy should be considered as a first choice in small bowel examination.