The remuneration of research to mankind could be said to have peak in 21st century, [1
] show that many program abound for research input, also numerous discovery and invention of impeccable quality have been roll out steadily, scientific and technological research enterprise rapaciously have redefine standard of living in 21st century, from biomedical to biotechnology, from agriculture to engineering, space exploration to geogphysical mining, construction to domestic appliance and from warfare military hardware to well polish furniture in diplomatic buildings and other plethora of manmade tools, gamut of improvement have been seen ,what more! The once explicate natural surrounding variables, which previously defy mankind manipulative innate aptitude could now be control, some of which are channel to productive uses, apt examples include but not limited to geothermal heat which encompass home and industrial heat sources, by research dams were created on annual basses for water preservation and power generation, also numerous array of wind vane which gives clean environmentally friendly energy were created and developed by research, interestingly, research have enable artificial making of rainfall, a spectacular processes called rainfall insinuation, capable of dealing with drought effect if done properly, indeed research have changed information technology
, communication medium have assume new forms, internet enable computer and attractive mobile phone which gives splendid feeling, miniature electronics and electrical gadgets with high performance calibers, interior decoration and design of fine cloth invariably encompass few among the magnanimous benefits and reward, research venture lavishly give human beings, for their emancipation from shackles of primitive life.
Agricultural revolution transcend, in a manner off meticulous assessment, well beyond gene manipulation for production of approved edible palatable genetically modified food items, to an auspicious level of automated monitoring of crop and animal husbandry, in this regard, perhaps predictably, future outlook could be put as follows “robotic agriculture” where robots could be use to treat, rear, and grow crops and animals for domestic consumption, research diffusion across fast increasing number of developing nations could step down the cost of robotic engineering [2
] reported that low cost robotic design abound.
Biotechnological principles are currently used in production of highly refined drugs for treatment of aliment, these drug are prescribe in many ways [3
], Biotechnology has enable production of biofuel [4
] which represent best alternative to fossil fuels, latter also have been consumed by the extraordinary hurricane of research, so that catalytic cracking ensures molecular rearrangement of hydrocarbon chain, there and then, the end research result in improve octane number suitable for most fuel required by highly researched and regularly improved automobile engine, latter also is a feat attained by research effort of combine teams of electrical, mechanical, chemical, and civil engineers respectively, who, again, through research ensures proper working of the electrical circuit, effective compression of piston, availability of glowing paint and the test of strength of materials used in road construction, so that human beings can comfortably, at desired speed “locomate” up and down the high ways to the their long distance destinations. Again, through research unquestionably, incontrovertible rewards of natural resources were exploited. Most of which pre-empt and allay the fears of ancient inventors, who also through research invented motor, trains, planes and tricycles, a clear case is the crude oil cracking [5
Currently, it is possible to visualized most rock sedimentary arrangement without the use of explosive or sonar devices, all were achieved through research, the enormous benefit of crude oil to nations with good governance is beyond the spoken word, in Arabian peninsula unprecedented petro dollar wonder lead to emergence of wonder city just within a decade [6
] what a great glorious research reward. Again the oil were discovered by methods developed by research effort [7
] so also is the good governance which makes attainment of the stable prosperous society a reality.
In biochemical and allied fields, the reward of research are truly Nulli secondus in that the following; improved health practice, purified efficacious drug, effective treatment methods, epidemiological
management of disease out breaks, balanced nutrition for healthy living, exercise and enlightment on health risk factors, vaccines for protection against pathogens and significant others also constitute great contribution of research to the betterment of humanity, additionally, research medium remains the only arsenal policy makers, individuals, and organized private health sector could wield against outbreak of diseases (TB, HIV/AIDS and recently Ebola viral disease EVD) that threaten human existence, again by research WHO discover killer diseases and as a result declare effort to contain them a global emergency [8
] the internal and external aggression right from time immemorial has been essentially a dramatic true acid test, which in all sense of unbiased premise could be use to exhaustively know or determine the formidable extent of security apparatus of any nation, war is inevitable, the reward of research here include various weapons of high calibers such as missiles ,armored tank, Uzzi, and again the atomic bomb which end WWII was obtained by research [9
], although lives were lost in the said war but it ended nevertheless owing to research brainstorming, again in the war, research aided ability to decipher cryptographic coded messages, nowadays cyber war is a global phenomena, by research encrypted code are decodevand valuable information accessed, current use of robot to defuse detonates (bombs) was arrived at by research effort, in politics, humanity, law and art research have clean the society of barbaric behaviors, inchoate offences, lawlessness and global existence of pariah state, these had been the epitome of subjugation of societal cohesion, again societal stratification and societal organization mangled with invented item have change lifestyle and living standard and eventually make all and sundry civilized, the so called but endearing civilization which give birth to civil societies is also a by-product of research, laws are created to determine the structural working of the societal sectors and absolutely, by law society could be governed, nowadays constitutional amendment or creation of new ones requires input of learned experts whose guru experience has been sharpened actually by their exposure, through research, to voluminous books, the books also come to be through research so that administrative structures benefited from research.
In truth, the limited space of profit making in financial or capital market or business world per se would mean contentious brutal competition not devoid of homicides would have been uncommon in business arena, but research has rewarded , immensely corporate business out fit with ingenious long list tips for marketing of products intelligently, in fact competitive double edge highly profitable business strategy or business secret or business plan adopted by potential competitors could be dug out by research, another popular reward of research to business world is branding and patent right for by research attractive brand are created, and essentially strong brand often translate into frequent purchase by client or customers. Additionally, in show biz industry and the society at large, entertainers and ordinary citizens life had been transformed from underdog to super star status, and of course may talents and gifts of nature existed in raw forms, but by research reward they were develop, polished and refined, in spite of the magnanimous benefits and reward of research as already mentioned, worrisomely also, one of the dual pattern of research activities in tertiary institution shows a situation where research are conducted mainly in acquisition of academic qualification without commiserate real life application in mind, and most researchers end applied research inconclusively, in the hope that future research effort will address unresolved issues in the research work, evidently, recommendation
, conclusion sections of most undergraduate and post graduate research show that students and researchers conduct research in inconclusive way as far as real life application of research is concern, but they are not to be blame at all, given that it is legally acceptable to do so, however, cursory look at magnitude of global problems, amendment of research law need be done by research institutions so that applied research may have real life application. Again in developing countries, problems of lack of fund [10
], expertise and equipment [11
] account majorly for output of inconclusive research as shown subsequently.