alexa Role of Spider Cage in Motor Control in Cerebral Palsy | OMICS International
ISSN: 2329-9096
International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Like us on:
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Role of Spider Cage in Motor Control in Cerebral Palsy

Farjad Afzal1*, Gulraiz2, Qurratulain2 and Sidra Manzoor3

1Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sargodha, Pakistan

2Sargodha Campus, University of Lahore, Pakistan

3Lyallpur campus, University of Sargodha, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author:
Farjad Afzal
Specialist Physiotherapist, Sargodha Medical College
Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
Tel: +923144419963
Fax: +923144419963
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: June 27, 2017; Accepted date: August 01, 2017; Published date: August 08, 2017

Citation: Afzal F, Gulraiz, Qurratulain, Manzoor S (2017) Role of Spider Cage in Motor Control in Cerebral Palsy. Int J Phys Med Rehabil 5:420. doi:10.4172/2329-9096.1000420

Copyright: © 2017 Afzal F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

Abstract

Cerebral palsy can be defined as disorder of movement and posture caused by lesion in immature brain. Brain lesion leads to abnormal sensory motor development along with visual, cognitive and hearing impairments. Motor control in normal individual is developed as body come under the influence of higher centers. Universal exercise unit, spider web, therasuit, functional training and repetitions of body transitions are used in these protocols. Therapy sessions are extended from three to four hours. It can be used with children and adults with different neurological conditions like stroke, cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury and spina bifida. Spider cage is made of metal with equal length, width and height, size of cage can be different depending upon type of population pediatric or adults. Cage consists of elastic cords and belts, which are used to support the patients in the cage. Different activities of functional training can be practice in this cage easily. Elastic resistance of cords can be used to strengthen the weak muscles. Initiation of a particular posture can be easily trained in this cage. Therapies and techniques are discovered over the time to treat patients with cerebral palsy. Although use of universal exercise unit in rehabilitation is not new, however in cerebral palsy it can be used with new concept. Scientific research literature is limited on its effectiveness.

Keywords

Cerebral palsy; Motor control; Universal exercise unit

Introduction

Cerebral palsy can be defined as disorder of movement and posture caused by lesion in immature brain [1]. Brain injury can occur in fetal life or during the first year of life by hypoxia, asphyxia, neonatal jaundice, traumatic brain infections and prematurity [2]. Brain lesion leads to abnormal sensory motor development along with visual, cognitive and hearing impairments [3]. Exact cause of cerebral palsy is still unknown; however brain damage can occur before birth, during the birth and after the birth. Pregnancy disorders are considered leading cause before birth [4]. Birth asphyxia, prematurity, neonatal infections and traumatic brain injury are some important causes in cerebral palsy [5]. Cerebral palsy has different types like spastic, athetoid, ataxic, hypotonic and some tome mixed type [6]. Cerebral palsy can be divided depending upon parts of body involve like monoplegia, diplegia, hemiplegia and quadriplegia, this is called topographical classification of cerebral palsy [7]. Gross motor functional classification categorized the children into level I (least disability) to level V (severe disability) depending upon the abilities and disabilities of child [8].

Universal Exercise Unit

Intensive protocols in pediatric physical therapy are getting popularity in cerebral palsy centers [9-15]. Universal exercise unit, spider web, therasuit, functional training and repetitions of body transitions are used in these protocols. Therapy sessions are extended from three to four hours. It can be used with children and adults with different neurological conditions like stroke, cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury and spina bifida. Spider cage is made of metal with equal length, width and height, size of cage can be different depending upon type of population pediatric or adults. Cage consists of elastic cords and belts, which are used to support the patients in the cage. Different activities of functional training can be practice in this cage easily. Elastic resistance of cords can be used to strengthen the weak muscles. Initiation of a particular posture can be easily trained in this cage.

Universal exercise unit can be used in different therapeutic posture (Figures 1-4). Continuous training of a specific posture in universal exercise unit enables the child to adopt that posture in participation.

physical-medicine-rehabilitation-leg-control

Figure 1: One leg control.

physical-medicine-rehabilitation-Half-kneeling

Figure 2: Half kneeling.

physical-medicine-rehabilitation-Quadruped-training

Figure 3: Quadruped training.

physical-medicine-rehabilitation-Standing-activity

Figure 4: Standing with activity.

Universal exercise unit can be used in adjunct to various different traditional physical therapy treatments like strength training, stretching, functional training and weight bearing on joints [16-18]. In intensive therapy session universal exercise unit is frequent part of treatment. Therapist has batter control of body and easy to induce the posture in this unit.

Conclusion

Therapies and techniques are discovered over the time to treat patients with cerebral palsy. Although use of universal exercise unit in rehabilitation is not new, however in cerebral palsy it can be used with new concept. Scientific reach literature is limited on its effectiveness.

References

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Relevant Topics

Article Usage

  • Total views: 334
  • [From(publication date):
    August-2017 - Dec 17, 2017]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 292
  • PDF downloads : 42
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version