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Rural Manpower Utilization in Mgnregs in Dindigul District of Tamil Nadu

Gnana Soundhari P1* and Promod Kumar OB2

1Government Arts College, Coimbatore, Affiliated to Bharathiar University, Coimbatore. Christ poo, India

2PG and Research Department of Economics, Government Arts College, Coimbatore, Affiliated to Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding Author:
Gnana Soundhari
Research Scholar, Govt. Arts College
Coimbatore, Affiliated to Bharathiar University
Coimbatore, Christ poo, India
Tel: 0422 - 2215212
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: May 20, 2015; Accepted Date: June 16, 2015; Published Date: June 26, 2015

Citation: Gnana Soundhari P, Promod Kumar OB (2015) Rural Manpower Utilization in Mgnregs in Dindigul District of Tamil Nadu Int J Econ Manag Sci 4:269. doi:10.4172/2162-6359.1000269

Copyright: © 2015 Gnana Soundhari P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Abstract

Many policy makers have recommended various measures for the development of rural India, since independence. Their study reveals that major portion of unskilled labourers is located in rural India. Mahathma Gandhi national rural employment guarantee scheme (MGNREGS) in Tamilnadu ensures 100 percent unskilled manual works. Dindigul district is an economically developing district in tamilnadu state. Where MGNREGS is being implemented well and where there is a history of distress migration, agriculture have not productive and looking at yields. Relating to age wise registered and employed persons, number of women beneficiary worker with account, category wise house hold workers to whom job card issued and who are active, Employment generated during the financial year 2013-14.

Keywords

MGNREGS; Job card; Man power

Introduction

Many policy makers have recommended various measures for the development of rural India, since independence. Their study reveals that major portion of unskilled laborers is located in rural India. For the proper development and utilization of the man power in the rural area, they have suggested various measures and programs for the upliftment of poor in rural areas. One such program implemented and followed very successfully is the MGNREG act. Prof. Jean Druze who is well known as father of MGNREG scheme for the especially unskilled manual work force [1-3].

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) was the first ever Act internationally that guarantees wages employment and minimum level of livelihood security to the people in rural areas. MGNREG Scheme guaranteeing hundred days of wages- employment in a financial year to a rural household whose adult members volunteers to do unskilled manual work. It is also seeks to create durable assets to augment land and water resources, improve rural connectivity and strengthening the livelihood resources base of the rural poor [4].

Growth performance of MGNREGP in Tamil Nadu

The MGNREGP was launched on 02.02.2006 and was initially implemented in six districts viz., Cuddalore, Dindigul, Nagapattinam, Sivagangai, Thiruvannamalai and Villupuram from 2.2.2006 onwards and in four more districts viz., Thanjavur, Thiruvarur, Thirunelveli and Karur from 1.4.2007 onwards. From 1.4.2008 onwards, the scheme was extended to the remaining 20 districts of the state which are: Ariyalur, Dharmapuri, Perambalur, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram, Namakkal, Vellore, Thoothukudi, Virudunagar, Salem, Erode, Thiruchirapalli, Kancheepuram, Theni, Tiruvallur, Madurai, Nilgiris, Kanniyakumari, Coimbatore, Kirhnagiri, and Tiruppur. Including the total number of blocks are 385 number of panchayats is 12,524 and number of village is 79,336 [5,6].

Mahathma Gandhi national rural employment guarantee scheme (MGNREGS) in Tamilnadu ensures 100 percent unskilled manual works. To improve the quality of assets create under MGNREGS and to enhance the livelihood opportunities of the rural masses, the state has institutionalized an approach of resource convergence by inter weaving MGNREGS with other public works programs. The manual work needs to create sustainable assets that promote to economic and infrastructure development of village. Upto 2010-11 the major works taken up were large water bodies and community assets. The state has successfully implemented MGNREGS in collaboration with Agriculture, fisheries, horticulture and Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) etc., the MGNREP is given more priorities to employment opportunity of rural people in Tamilnadu. MGNREP provided household employment to 62,39,073 people in Tamilnadu during the period of 2006-07 to 2013-14. The number of household hold employment has increased from 683481 in 2000-01 to 6239073 in 2013-14. Due to favor of government policies, the participation of person days of women also increased [7].

There are many studies available regarding MGNREGS prospects and problems only few have attempted to study the performance over a period, taxing more than one point of time for the study. The present study has made an attempt for understanding rural manpower utilization in MGNREGA in dindigul district, Tamilnadu.

Worksite facility

Provision to special work opportunities to persons with disabilities mandatory. Provision of special employment facilities to households where no one is able to take up ordinary employment opportunities, due to disability or related reasons and ear-making of 3 percent of MGNREGS funds for employment persons with disabilities [8].

If a laborer got injured by accident arising out of and in the course of his employment under the Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, he or she will be entitled to such medical treatment as is admissible under the scheme free of charge accommodation, treatment, medicines and a daily allowance which should not be less than half the wage rate.

Objectives

• To assess rural manpower utilization under MGNREGA in dindigul district.

• To assess the overall impact of MGNREGA on rural livelihood in the study area.

• To assess the employment generated in study area.

Methodology

Dindigul district is an economically developing district in Tamilnadu state. Where MGNREGS is being implemented well and where there is a history of distress migration, agriculture have not productive and looking at yields. The study is mainly based on secondary information. The data Collected by the ministry of rural development and MGNREGS website were the data source for the present study. Simple form of table with the Percentage calculated and the same have been analyses. Relating to age wise registered and employed persons, number of women beneficiary worker with account, category wise house hold workers to whom job card issued and who are active, Employment generated during the financial year 2013-14 [9].

Employment Generated under MGNREGS

Main aim of MGNREGS is to create employment opportunities for rural unemployed peoples in the gross root level. There for it is important to see how employment generated under MGNREGS in the Dindigul district. Therefore it is study is important to see how employment generated under MGNREGS in the study area. An outlay is made to analysis MGNREGs in the study are Dindigul district details of which furnished in tables.

Table 1 reveals that out of total population in the district registered under MGNREGS were about 1923014 in the year 2013-14. Among them 40870 persons registered are from 18-30 age group, while 133761 are from 31-40 age group, 140161 from 41-50 age group, 95252 from 51-60 age group and 53244 from 61-80 age group. Only 658 percent are belongs to above 80 age group. Natham block has highest registered persons among all block in the age group of 18-30, Reddiarchatram block has highest in the age groups of 31-40 and above 80. Thoppampatti block has highest in the age groups of 41-50, 51-60, and 61-80. Kodaikanal block has less number of registered persons among all block among all age group in Dindigul district.

S.No. Block Age wise registered persons
18-30
Registered person
31-40
Registered person
41-50
Registered person
51-60
Registered person
61-80
Registered person
Above 80
Registered person
1 Athoor 3486 10074 11150 8035 4944 28
2 Batlagundu 3488 10188 11032 6951 4409 26
3 Dindigul 2608 9823 9773 6335 3605 28
4 Guziliamparai 2608 7225 7855 5922 3369 27
5 Kodaikanal 1184 4801 4723 2942 1395 11
6 Natham 5354 11500 11121 6440 1871 10
7 Nilakottai 2812 9502 10022 6691 2921 6
8 Oddanchatram 1896 7762 10514 8228 5196 42
9 Palani 3170 11316 11856 8091 4324 24
10 Reddiarchatram 4153 14145 13198 9553 6881 302
11 Shanarpatti 3641 9428 9348 6728 3518 33
12 Thoppampatti 3042 11344 13410 9491 6201 98
13 Vadamadurai 1560 6567 6856 4004 1739 8
14 Vedasandur 2408 10086 9303 5841 2871 19
  Total 40870 133761 140161 95252 53244 658

Table 1: Age wise person registered in financial year 2013-14 in Dindigul district.

Table 2 reveals that out of total people registered about 220948 people are employed in the year 2013-14. In that 16929 (7.66 percent) persons are employed which come under 18-30 age group, 62667 (28.36 percent) from 31-40 age group, 66903 (30.27%) from 41-50 age group, 48069 (21.75%) from 51-60 age group, 26193 (11.85%) from 61-80 age group, and only 187 (0.08%) who are above 80 age group.

  S.No   Block Age  wise  Employed  Persons
18-30 Reg.per 31-40 Reg.per 41-50 Reg.per 51-60 Reg.per 61-80 Reg.per Above 80 Reg.per
1 Athoor 1610 4867 5571 4256 2531 11
2 Batlagundu 1663 5576 5862 3915 2368 10
3 Dindigul 730 2839 2729 2075 1194 8
4 Guziliamparai 700 2996 3465 2744 1532 6
5 Kodaikanal 235 980 671 462 226 1
6 Natham 2329 5536 5139 3042 839 1
7 Nilakottai 1210 4689 5235 3556 1451 0
8 Oddanchatram 783 3760 5434 4286 2504 20
9 Palani 1231 5365 5967 4307 2253 5
10 Reddiarchatram 1587 6435 6224 4781 3214 61
11 Shanarpatti 1906 5131 5099 3888 2076 15
12 Thoppampatti 1115 6139 7380 5559 3571 40
13 Vadamadurai 663 3251 3450 2060 856 4
14 Vedasandur 1167 5103 4677 3138 1578 5
  Total 16929 62667 66903 48069 26193 187

Table 2: Age wise person employed in financial year 2013-14 in Dindigul district.

Bank Accounts

In MGNREGS the government has made the role to disburse the wage amount through bank accounts directly to the beneficiaries account for the proper utilization of the fund. In this way MGNREGS workers are getting their wage amounts through bank and post office accounts. Below table shows the account opened and amount disbursed through bank accounts in the financial year 2013-14.

Table 3 reveals that out of total population 189971 individual accounts opened in bank and only 794 joint account opened in bank. for that, total 10983.72 lakhs amount of wage disbursed through bank account. In the same table it is seen that Thoppampatti block has majority of individual accounts about 19607 and Guziliamparai block majority of joint accounts about 188 in bank. Kodaikanal block have less number about 1678 individuals accounts and Shanarpatti block have very less number about 6 joint accounts. Regarding the amount disbursed through bank account for both individual and joint accounts. Thoppampatti block has 1245.531 lakhs amount disbursed which is highest amount among all blocks, and Kodaikanal block has very less amount disbursed about 69.942 lakhs in the year 2013-14.

  S.NO.   Block   No.of bank account opened Amount of wages
disbursed through
bank accounts 2013-
2014(in lakhs)
    Individual Joint
1 Athoor 16615 49 908.29
2 Batlagundu 17145 27 812.927
3 Dindigul 8674 14 443.996
4 Guziliamparai 8968 188 523.488
5 Kodaikanal 1678 10 69.942
6 Natham 15621 15 1007.844
7 Nilakottai 15257 19 1060.279
8 Oddanchatram 14333 63 842.562
9 Palani 15167 102 983.057
10 Reddiarchatram 16927 65 758.023
11 Shanarpatti 17155 6 954.596
12 Thoppampatti 19607 95 1245.531
13 Vadamadurai 9575 31 608.127
14 Vedasandur 13249 110 765.058
  Total 189971 794 10983.72

Table 3: Account opened and amount disbursed through bank accounts in financial year 2013-14 in Dindigul district.

Table 4 shows that category wise household workers to whom job card issued and who are active. Out of total population, total 329888 workers were issued job card and who are active. In that total workers about 93730 workers are belongs to SCs (scheduled caste) category, and 1024 workers are belong to STs (scheduled tribe) category whom job card issued and who are active participation of others category workers about 235134 to whom job card issued and who are active. Women workers are three-fourth of the total population about 242009 are active as for the MGNREGS norms [10].

Block Workers to whom JC issued and who are active
Number of
SCs
Number of
STs
Number
of others
Number of
total workers
Number
of women
Athoor 7757 0 16520 24277 19522
Batlagundu 9168 163 20123 29454 19077
Dindigul 5781 3 9026 14810 12325
Guziliamparai 6529 23 13451 20003 13654
Kodaikanal 1897 444 7571 9912 5607
Natham 3407 1 22633 26031 20778
Nilakottai 7254 0 13494 20748 16714
Oddanchatram 8147 70 17374 25591 19500
Palani 13695 2 15438 29135 18572
Reddiarchatram 5981 219 29425 35625 23890
Shanarpatti 6049 2 17279 23330 19893
Thoppampatti 10733 40 21743 32516 21707
Vadamadurai 2877 53 12339 15269 12746
Vedasandur 4455 4 18728 23187 18024
Total 93730 1024 235134 329888 242009

Table 4: Category wise house hold workers to whom job card issued and who are active in the financial year 2013- 2014 in Dindigul district.

Reddiarchatram block has more number of workers to whom job card issued and who are active among all categories among all the blocks. Kodaikanal block has less number of workers to whom job card issued and who are active among all categories among all blocks. Regarding women workers participation more 23890 found in Reddiarchatram block and less about 5607 found in Kodaikanal block (Table 5).

  S.No   Block Total attendance above 100 days
House hold
employed
Person days Exceeding
100days
1 Athoor 164 351
2 Batlagundu 930 2229
3 Dindigul 274 521
4 Guziliamparai 380 665
5 Kodaikanal 31 72
6 Natham 443 904
7 Nilakottai 563 1084
8 Oddanchatram 736 1456
9 Palani 1240 2660
10 Reddiarchatram 495 1192
11 Shanarpatti 716 1595
12 Thoppampatti 885 1613
13 Vadamadurai 497 757
14 Vedasandur 980 2051
  Total 8334 17150

Table 5: Employment provided more than 100 days in financial year 2013-2014 in dindigul district

It is found that out of total population 8334 households to be employed in the financial year 2013-2014 and 17150 persons days Exceeding 100 days. Palani block has more number of household employed about 1240 and 2660 persons days Exceeding 100 days compared to other blocks. Kodaikanal block has very less number of household employed about 31 which Exceeding 100 days of person days about 72.

It can be clearly from the Table 6 that total 248840 beneficiary workers found with account and in that 205705 beneficiary workers with account are women. The table also shows that Reddiarchatram block has more number of women workers about 19475 found with account and very less about 2820 women workers are found with account in kodaikanal block.

S.NO Block No. of
beneficiary
worker with
account.
Number of women
beneficiary worker with
account
1. Athoor 21282 17864
2. Baltagundu 20418 15188
3. Dindigul 12953 11440
4. Guziliamparai 12681 10330
5. Kodaikanal 3591 2820
6. Natham 20454 18064
7. Nilakotai 19785 16219
8. Oddanchatram 18915 16005
9. Palani 20025 15419
10. Reddiarehatram 24341 19475
11. Shanarpatty 21017 18519
12. Thoppmpatty 23803 18884
13. Vadamadurai 13310 11543
14. Vedasandur 16265 13932
  Total 248840 205705

Table 6: Women worker bank account in financial year 2013-14 in dindigul district.

Table 7 reveals that out of total population 305101 households were issued job cards, in that 82817 number of household issued job card belongs to SCs category ,871 number of household issued job card belongs to STs category and 221413 number of household issued job card belongs to others category. Out of total household issued job card 186676 number of household provided employment, in that 50833 number of households provided employment belongs to SCs category, 335 number of households provided employment belongs to STs category and 135508 number of household provided employment are belongs to others. Out of total population number of job card issued 181668 numbers of women households are provided employment.

  S.No   Block HH issued  jobcards No.of HH provided Employment Empolyment Provided No.of Women
SCs STs others Total SCs STs Others Total
1 Athoor 7199 2 17130 24331 5116 0 11212 16328 16108
2 Batlagundu 6175 83 15304 21562 4390 76 10407 14873 14555
3 Dindigul 8800 2 12405 21207 3542 2 5406 8950 8677
4 Guziliamparai 4743 21 11560 16324 2681 20 6711 9412 9203
5 Kodaikanal 1989 411 7541 9941 267 40 2038 2345 2211
6 Natham 3394 0 23941 27335 1893 0 13784 15673 15194
7 Nilakotai 8182 0 14810 22992 5187 0 9072 14259 13583
8 Oddanchatheram 7294 65 16907 24266 4356 16 10588 14960 14262
9 Palani 9836 13 13349 23198 6556 0 7893 14449 13798
10 Raddiarchatram 4457 188 23815 28460 2902 122 15237 18261 17704
11 Shanarpatty 6048 2 17964 24014 4125 2 12017 16144 16325
12 Thoppampatty 7928 22 18079 26029 5749 21 12775 18545 17453
13 Vadamadurai 2825 48 11307 14180 1772 33 7321 9126 9349
14 Vedasandur 3947 14 17301 21262 2297 3 11051 13351 13246
  Total 82817 871 221413 305101 50833 335 135508 186676 181668

Table 7: Employment generated during the Financial year 2013-14 in Dindigul District.

Table 8 reveals that out of total population 1,14,85,636 number of person days were generated. Out of total person day generated 31, 95,776 number of person days generated are from SC category, 17,861 number of person days generated are from ST category and 82,71,999 number of person days generated are from other category. Out of total person days generated 1,01,27,116 number of person days generated are women.

S. No Block No.ofpersondays  generated Families completed 100 days
SCs STs other Total Women SCs STs others Total
1 Athoor 307997 O 641941 949938 853756 630 0 1824 2454
2 Battagundu 264591 6135 578457 849183 694143 765 45 1419 2229
3 Dindugal 194093 46 286801 480940 445380 472 0 480 952
4 Guziliamparai 156683 1125 400821 558629 487621 318 0 1045 1363
5 Kodaikanal 9617 1110 73460 84187 75559 6 0 74 80
6 Natham 113298 0 863084 976382 910855 216 0 1613 1829
7 Nilakottai 339499 0 596024 935523 834096 1116 0 1598 2714
8 Oddanchathram 257021 1006 648927 906954 810952 612 1 1505 2118
9 Palani 484962 0 528464 1013426 842819 1671 0 1557 3228
10 Raddiarchathram 138318 4776 755789 898883 763791 163 3 1042 1208
11 Shanarpatty 257565 179 745897 1003641 930208 495 1 1608 2104
12 Thoppampatty 401736 1287 935544 1338567 1119979 1358 4 3803 5165
13 Vadamadurai 121772 2065 502855 626692 584927 453 3 1958 2414
14 Vedasandur 148624 132 713935 862691 773030 426 1 1843 2270
  Total 3195776 17861 8271999 11485636 10127116 8701 58 21369 30128

Table 8: Employment generated during the financial year 2013-14 in Dindugul district.

Out of total number of person days generated total number of 30128 families completed 100 days. Out of total number of families completed 100 days, 8701 number of families completed 100 days belong to SC category, 58 number of families completed 100 days belong to ST category and 21369 number of families completed 100 days are others category.

Conclusion

In the summer season, like February, March, April and may are the months which are very horrible for the people of Dindugul district. In these days people under the study are facing worst situations like, high temperature, shortage of water, food problem, shelter problem inadequate tools in this condition they have to work in field or worksite. To escape from all this problems they think off migrate to cities in search of employment. So prevent migration and to provide better livelihood to the workers in dry land area like Dindugal district. It is required to allocation of more fund for MGNREGS work.

As strictly as possible policy makers formulate their planning programs to directly reach to the beneficiaries’ corrupted hands finds many ways to misuitilize the allocated fund. But in MGNREGS the governments as well as policy maker are very conscious about making MGNREGS to reach the needy hands and their view become fruitful. Yet it is essential a systematic human resource policy is important to recruit and retain the appropriate teams at the national, state, district and sub district level.

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