alexa Some New Emerging Viral Diseases in South America and East Africa: The Four Viruses, Itaya, Iquitos, Ngari and Ilesha Virus | OMICS International
ISSN: 2329-891X
Journal of Tropical Diseases & Public Health
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Some New Emerging Viral Diseases in South America and East Africa: The Four Viruses, Itaya, Iquitos, Ngari and Ilesha Virus

Somsri Wiwanitkit*1 and Viroj Wiwanitkit2

1Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok Thailand

2Hainan Medical University, China

*Corresponding Author:
Somsri Wiwanitkit
Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae
Bangkok, Thailand
Tel: +6624132436
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: May 12, 2015; Accepted Date: May 25, 2015; Published Date: June 01, 2015

Citation: Somsri W and Viroj W (2015) Some New Emerging Viral Diseases in South America and East Africa: The Four Viruses, Itaya, Iquitos, Ngari and Ilesha Virus. J Trop Dis 3:160. doi: 10.4172/2329-891X.1000160

Copyright: © 2015 Somsri W, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Tropical Diseases & Public Health

Abstract

New emerging viral disease is usually a problematic scenario in public health. There are several new emerging viral diseases in the present day. Those diseases can be the possible cause of worldwide pandemic and the surveillance is needed. Here, the authors briefly summarize and discuss on some new emerging viral diseases in South America and East Africa (Itaya, Iquitos, Ngari and Ilesha viruses).

Keywords

Emerging; Virus; Itaya; Iquitos; Batai; Ngari; Ilesha

Introduction

New emerging viral disease is usually a problematic scenario in public health. There are several new emerging viral diseases in the present day. In fact, thousand kinds of viruses exist in our world and many are pathogenic [1,2]. Some pathogenic viruses cause severe diseases but it has been known for few years. With advent in laboratory medicine technique, there are several newly discovered and identified new pathogenic viruses [1,2]. Those newly identified viruses usually cause new illnesses that are hard- to-diagnose and treat. Those diseases can be the possible cause of worldwide pandemic and the surveillance is needed. Here, the authors briefly summarize and discuss on some new emerging viral diseases in South America and East Africa (Itaya, Iquitos, Ngari and Ilesha viruses).

Itaya virus

¨Itaya virus is a new virus that has just been mentioned for a few years. It was firstly isolated in 1999 and 2006 from febrile patients in Peru [3]. Its first genetic composition finding is by a research team in Peru. Hontz et al. found that this virus was a bunyavirus with identified genetic reassortment [3]. There are extremely limited knowledge on this new virus, hence, further studies on this virus is suggested. Of interest, this new virus was firstly detected in Iquito, which is the endemic area of another new virus Iquitos virus [4], which will be further mentioned in this short article.

Iquitos virus

Iquitos virus is another new virus that has just been mentioned for a few years. It is also in the group of bunyavirus. This virus is also firstly reported from Peru. The genetic reassortment of this virus contains “the S and L segments of Oropouche virus and the M segment of a novel Simbu serogroup virus [4]”. It is the cause of outbreaks of “Oropouche fever” during 2005 and 2006 in Peru. High seroprevelance positive rate can be seen in Peru [4]. Aguilar et al. mentioned for “the need for strengthening surveillance activities and laboratory capabilities, and investigating the emergence of new pathogens in tropical regions of South America [4].” Of interest, the site of epidemic of this virus, Iquitos, is also the endemic area of other tropical viral diseases, especially for dengue [5,6] and Venezuelan equine encephalitis [7]. It can be expected that the Iquitos has already been existed in this area for a very long time but it is not recognized and some infected cases might be misdiagnosed as other common viral diseases. Focusing on Oropouche virus which contributes to a new Iquitos virus, it has already existed and been endemic in Iquitos for a long time. The finding of high prevalence of Oropouche virus relating to the increasing population of biting midges are also reported in this area [8].

Ngari virus

Ngari virus is a new virus seen in East Africa. This virus is an orthobunyavirus with a reassortant between Bunyamwera virus and an M segment donated from Batai virus [9-11]. Of interest, Batai virus, the starting donor virus of the new Ngari virus, can cause a mild febrile human illness [12]. However, when the reassorement occurs, the resulted virus is highly virulent [12]. Tracking for the viral origin, it is mentioned that the development of virus occurs in Sudan and Uganda. The first isolation in human is reported from Senegal [13]. Mosquito is believed to be the vector of this virus [13]. The Ngari virus can cause severe febrile illness [9] and can also cause hemorrhagic complication [14]. The virus can be seen in animals and it is believed that the animals can be the reservoir host [15]. In a recent report by Eiden et al. [15], there is a high rate of Ngari virus in goats during Rift Valley fever outbreak. Of interest, Ngari virus is reported for high structural similarity with another new emerging virus, Ilesha that is also detected in Africa [16].

Ilesha virus

Ilesha virus is another new virus firstly seen in Madagascar [16,17]. It is another arthropod borne virus. It belongs to the genus Orthobunyavirus of the Bunyaviridae family [16,17]. This virus can be seen in several African countries [16,17]. It can cause human illness characterized by febrile illness with erythema [16-18] (before the detection of virus, the illness is called Ilesha shake [18]. It also can present hemorrhagic complications and fatal meningoencephalitis [16,17]. Pachler et al. reported that “lesha virus segments S and L exhibit highest genetic conservation with Bunyamwera virus and Ngari virus [16].” Similar to Ngari virus, this virus can also be seen in animals and it is believed that the animals can be the reservoir host [19].

Other emerging viruses in non-tropical countries

Apart from the mentioned viruses, there are also some new emerging viruses in non-tropical countries. Some of those viruses can attack human beings while the others cannot. For example, Schmallenberg virus is a new viruses firstly reported in 2011 [20-22]. This virus is a novel orthobunyavirus of the Simbu serogroup [20-22]. It can be seen in many European countries and mainly attack cattle [20-22]. Severe fever thrombocytopenia syndrome virus is another new discovered virus in East Asia [19-20]. The mode of transmission is not clear but it can be transmitted by tick bite and person to person blood contact [23,24]. This virus can cause human infection with high fatality [23,24].

Conclusion

The four mentioned viruses are the examples of the new viruses that cause new emerging viruses diseases. Itaya virus and Iquitos virus can be new problem in South America whereas Ngari virus might be the future problem in East Africa. It is necessary to have a good plan to correspond to these new emerging tropical virus infections. In addition to the mentioned three viruses that emerged in the tropical regions, there are also other new viruses emerging in non-tropical zones. For sure, the similar surveillance and control have to be applied for those new viruses.

References

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Relevant Topics

Recommended Conferences

  • 5th International congress on Infectious Diseases.
    March 1-2, 2018 Berlin, Germany
  • 3rd International Conference on Infection Control and Prevention.
    June 25-26, 2018 Vancouver, Canada
  • 4th Annual Congress on Infectious Diseases.
    September 17-18, 2018 San Diego, USA

Article Usage

  • Total views: 12557
  • [From(publication date):
    July-2015 - Feb 23, 2018]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 8676
  • PDF downloads : 3881

Review summary

  1. lisa
    Posted on Jan 03 2017 at 8:58 pm
    I'm here to testify about the great work Dr jatto did for me. I have been suffering from viral disease for the past 11 months and had constant pain, especially in my face, I was feeling bad During the 6th months, I had faith in God that i would be healed someday. This virus started circulating all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few weeks ago i came across a testimony of one lady on the internet testifying about a Man called Dr jatto on how he cured her from viral diseases And she gave the email address of this man and advise anybody to contact him for help for any kind of sickness that he would be of help, so I emailed him telling him about my rival virus he told me not to worry that i was going to be cured!! Well i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me as Dr jatto assured me that i will be cured, after some time i went to my doctor to confirmed if i have be finally healed behold it was TRUE, So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can contact +12564174927 EMAIL [email protected] or website http://drjattosolutionhom.wixsite.com/solution NOTE THAT THIS GREAT MAN CAN CURE ANY TYPES OF SICKNESS OKAY VIRAL DISEASE ROSACEA VIRUS MOLLUSCUM HIV PLANTAR WART URTICARIA HERPES PENIS ENLARGMENT ZIKA VIRUS LOW SPWERM COUNT WEAK EJACULATION INFERTILITY AND MANY MORE.........
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version