Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Science, The National Ribat University, Sudan
Received Date: August 12, 2014; Accepted Date: September 26, 2014; Published Date: September 26, 2014
Citation: Mustafa HSI (2014) Staphylococcus Aureus can Produce Catalase Enzyme when React with Human Wbcs as a Source of H2O2 Productions in Human Plasma or Serum in the Laboratory. J Med Microb Diagn 3:160. doi: 10.4172/2161-0703.1000160
Copyright: © 2014 Mustafa HSI. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use,distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Background: Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most virulent gram positive bacteria. It produces a lot of toxins and enzymes, most of which are virulent factors. Among the enzyme that produces is the catalase which is very useful in differentiating staphylococci from streptococci . Since the catalase is nearly ubiquitous among some of organisms that can grow in the presence of oxygen (air). It promotes the conversion of hydrogen peroxide, a powerful and potentially harmful oxidizing agent, to water and molecular oxygen; so the major function of catalase within cells is to prevent the accumulation of toxic levels of hydrogen peroxide formed as a by-product of metabolic processes - primarily that of the electron transport pathway .
Objectives: The main aim of this study is to prove that human WBCs can produce H2O2, this H2O2 when react with catalase producing S. aureus can easily be degraded to H2O + O2.
Methodology: In this study a total of 40 subjects were included. Aliquots of 2.5 ml of venous blood were collected by venous puncture after disinfectant the site of collection with 70% alcohol and the collected blood was drawn into EDITA containers (20 subject) and anticoagulant free containers (other 20 subject), centrifugation for 5 minute at 1500 RPM, then the separated sera and plasma were converted to new sterile eppendrof tubes and freezing until used (before used we will leaves the eppendrof tubes at room temperature for DE freezing). Standard catalase producing S. aureus were used by taking 1 colony from Mac- conkey media by using applicator wooden stick, and inserted in eppendrof tube, then after that waited for the appearance of air bubbles to indicate occurrence of the reactions.
Results: According to this study, it was proved that WBCs in human plasma or serum can produce H2O2, this H2O2 were reacted with colony of S. aureus to produce air bubbles and water when S. aureus producing catalase enzyme and so on there were no differences between using H2O2 or human plasma / serum that contains WBCs to detect and identify of S. aureus by both techniques
Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, we can use WBCs that were found in human plasma or serum to identify catalase producing S. aureus.
WBCs; Catalase enzyme; S. aureus
Catalase is an enzyme present in the cells of plants, animals and aerobic (oxygen requiring) bacteria. In order to survive, S. aureushas many defense mechanisms such as catalase enzyme which facilitates cellular detoxification, it neutralize the bactericidal effects of H2O2 [3,4]. In 1893, a publication by Gottstein brought attention to bacterial catalase, making it one of the first bacterial enzymes to be described. Some 30 years later, McLeod and Gordon developed and published what is thought to be the first bacterial classification scheme based on catalase production and reactions, and so on catalase becomes the most useful technique in medical microbiology to identify and differentiate between Staphylococcal species specially S. aureus (catalase positive) and Streptococcal species (catalase negative) .
This is a prospective experimental study which was conducted in The Asbab Hospital, from 1/5/2014-31/5/2014. Aliquots of 2.5 ml of venous blood were collected by venous puncture after disinfectant the site of collection with 70% alcohol and then the collected blood was drawn into EDITA containers (20 subject) and anticoagulant free containers (Other 20 subject), centrifugation for 5 minute at 1500 RPM, then the separated sera and plasma were converted to new sterile eppendrof tubes and freezing until used (before used we will leaves the eppendrof tubes at room temperature for DE freezing). Standard catalase producing S.aureus were used by taking 1 colony from Mac- conkey media by using applicator wooden stick, and inserted in eppendrof tube, then after that waited for the appearance of air bubbles to indicate occurrence of the reactions. The principle of catalase enzyme as following:
H2O2+ Catalase → H2O + O2
S. aureus can produce catalase enzyme to react with H2O2 from WBCs in human plasma or serum
S.aureus colony + WBCs producing H2O2 → H2O + O2
There were no differences between using H2O2 or human plasma/serum that contains WBCs for detections and identifications of S.aureus by both techniques, as in image below (Figure 1):
According to this study of using human plasma or sera that contains WBCs to detect presence of catalase enzyme by S.aureus, it gives good results that consist with each founding in microbiology books for isolation and identification of microorganism even in case of weak reaction 1,5. Furthermore if buffy coat just used the reaction cannot occur or weak after coagulation of plasma first.
Based on the results of this study, we can use human plasma or serum that contains WBCs to identify catalase producing S. aureus, and so on to differentiate between Staphylococcus and Streptococcus.
I would like to recommended using of human plasma not only for coagulation test but also for
catalase test, we also needed a further studies on it. My concern now why we cannot invent something that can measured H2O2 especially in case of inflammation due to rise on it, in case of inflammation, to become as indicator for inflammation, beside this we can also extract the them ring of catalase enzyme to be used as iron supplement, we can benefit from natural reaction if it is endothermic or exothermic in industry filed (heating and cooling process), we can found some way to mimic this reaction by using continuous culture media to produce water and to collect O2 for O2 cylinder to be used in ventilation, We can benefit from the belching characteristic of catalase and hydrogen peroxide mixture in industry and others different things even in detection for elements.