alexa Synthesis, Structural Elucidation and Anti-Bacterial Evaluation of Some Novel Heterocyclic Molecules Derived from Thieno [2,3-d] Pyrimidine as a Core Unit
ISSN: 2161-0401
Organic Chemistry: Current Research
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Synthesis, Structural Elucidation and Anti-Bacterial Evaluation of Some Novel Heterocyclic Molecules Derived from Thieno [2,3-d] Pyrimidine as a Core Unit

Virupakshi Prabhakar1*, Sangu Jagadish Babu2, Sangu VN Lalitha Siva Jyothi1, Sangu VN Lahari2 and Venkateswarlu Bandi3

1Faculty of Engineering Chemistry, SVR Engineering College, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University -Anantapuramu (JNTU-A), Ayyalurmetta,Nandyal, Kurnool(Dist), PIN 518502, Andhra Pradesh, India

2Department of Ayurvedic Medical Science, Sri Venkateswara Ayurvedic Medical College, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

3Faculty of Engineering Chemistry, PBR VITS, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU-A), Kavali, Andhra Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author:
Prabhakar V
Faculty of Engineering Chemistry, SVR Engineering College
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University - Anantapuramu (JNTU-A)
Nandyal-518 501, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India
Tel: +918297140295
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: October 14, 2016; Accepted Date: October 29, 2016; Published Date: November 15, 2016

Citation: Prabhakar V, Babu SJ, Sangu VN LS Jyothi, Lahari SVN, et al. (2016) Synthesis, Structural Elucidation and Anti-Bacterial Evaluation of Some Novel Heterocyclic Molecules Derived from Thieno [2,3-d] Pyrimidine as a Core Unit. Organic Chem Curr Res 5:172. doi: 10.4172/2161-0401.1000172

Copyright: © 2016 Prabhakar V, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Abstract

A series of novel 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-substituted phenyl/Heterocyclic Thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine (8 a-j) derivatives were synthesized by a facile Five-step procedure that afforded advantages of mild reaction conditions, simple protocol and good yields. The structures of the final compounds were confirmed by IR, NMR, EI-MS. The final compounds were screened for their anti-bacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis and Staphylocouccus aureus from Gram positive group of bacteria and Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia from Gram negative group of bacteria and antifungal activity against Candida albicans and Aspergillus flavus. Anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activities were Evaluated and compared with the standard drugs Such as Amoxicillin and Ketoconazole. From anti-bacterial and antifungal activity screening results, it has been observed that compounds 8i, 8h, 8e and 8j possess good activity.

Keywords

Thieno[2,3-d] pyrimidine; Pyrazoles; Facile synthesis; Anti-bacterial; Antifungal activity; Suzuki cross coupling

Introduction

Pyrimidine has always been a unique interesting Heterocyclic moiety for the medicinal chemists; an exhaustive research has been done on the pyrimidines that led to the discovery and introduction of several drugs into the market. From the standpoint of Biological activity, fused hetero aromatic systems are often of much greater interest than the constituent monocyclic compounds. The appearance of qualitatively new properties of an annulated molecule, enlargement of the possibility of varying pharmacophore groups in different positions of the molecule and the ability of the latter to interact with a wider spectrum of receptors adopting various conformations are apparently of crucial importance. In addition, the structure of the molecule can be varied by annealing at different positions of individual Heterocyclic fragments.

Fused Pyrimidines have also been attracted a considerable interest in medicinal chemistry research due to their versatility and a broad bioactive potential. Thieno pyrimidine is among those fused pyrimidines found to have a wide variety of pharmacological and biological applications. Since last four decades research has been focused on the design and synthesis of novel thieno pyrimidines as medicinal agents, a large number of reports have been documented on thieno pyrimidines as they found to exhibit a variety of biological activities such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, bronchodilatory activity, inhibition of Phospodiesterases, tyrosine kinase and VEGFR kinase. It is evident that purine as an endogeneous scaffold plays an important biochemical role in variety of regular physiological functions such as respiration, inflammation, cell proliferation and so forth. As a bio isoster to Purines, thieno[2,3-d] pyrimidines were also found to exhibit numerous biological activities probably due to the interaction with various physiological elements.

Thieno Pyrimidine is a bi cyclic heterocyclic compound consists of a five membered thiophene ring is fused to a six-membered hetero cylic ring with two nitrogen atoms. The fusion may occur in three different orientations that results in three important types of thieno pyrimidines namely; Thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (a), thieno[3,2-d]Pyrimidine (b) and thieno[3,4-d]pyrimidine (c). Most of the isomeric thienopyrimidines occur as colored amorphous form, some exists as crystalline form.

Synthetic approaches for the construction of a number of thieno Pyrimidines are well established. There exists three possible types of fusion of thiophene to pyrimidines ring results in corresponding isomeric thienopyrimidines namely; thieno [2,3-d]pyrimidines (a), thieno[3,4-d] pyrimidines (b) and thieno[3,2-d] pyrimidines (c).

Heterocycles containing the Thieno Pyrimidine moiety (Figure 1) are of interest because of their interesting pharmacological and biological activities [1-6]. Thus, over the last two decades many thieno Pyrimidines have been found to exhibit a variety of pronounced activities, for example, as anti-inflammatory [3,7], anti-microbial [3,8], antiviral [9] and analgesic [7,10] agents. Some Thieno Pyrimidine derivatives showed good antitumor activity [11].

organic-chemistry-current-research-Thieno-Pyrimidine

Figure 1: Structures of different isomers of Thieno Pyrimidine.

As a logical consequence of thiophene – phenyl isosterism, similarly thieno pyrimidines can be considered as bio isosteres of quinazolines, which are extensively described in scientific and patent literature as displaying a plethora of biological activities. The synthesis of thieno pyrimidine derivatives as potential surrogates for the quinazoline core (Figure 2) structure has therefore, become a routine strategy in modern drug design and development. Thieno pyrimidines as isosteres of quinazolines are shown here.

organic-chemistry-current-research-thiophene-phenyl

Figure 2: Structures of thiophene-phenyl isosterism in Quinazolines and thieno Pyrimidine.

Thienopyrimidines can also be considered as structural analogues of five-membered heterocycles such as purines and thiazolopyrimidines. As interesting anti-HIV activity was discovered within the thiazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidine series, whereas the thiazolo[4,5d] pyrimidines lack antiretroviral activity. The structures of purines and thiazolo pyrimidines are shown in the following Figure 3.

organic-chemistry-current-research-purines-thiazolo

Figure 3: Structures of purines and thiazolo pyrimidines.

Synthesis of thienopyrimidines

The building of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine moiety has been achieved either by annulations of pyrimidine nucleus on the parent thiophene ring or annulations of thiophene nucleus on the parent pyrimidine ring. Also, they obtained from acyclic compounds.

Annulations of pyrimidine on thiophene ring

The simple approach to the formation of a new pyrimidine ring involves introducing a one-carbon fragment between two suitable and vicinal functional groups in thiophene ring.

Using thiophene having vicinal amino ester groups

Thiophene derivatives having vicinal amino ester groups are considered a suitable synthon for the synthesis of thieno pyrimidines via its interaction with various suitable reagents.

With isocyanate and isothiocyanate derivatives: Reaction of ethyl 2-amino-5-benzoyl-4-methylthiophene-3carboxylate (1) [12] (Figure 4) with phenyl isothiocyanate andor phenyl isocyanate in presence of a catalytic amount of triethylamine afforded the corresponding thioureidothiophene and/or ureidothiophene 2a, b, which underwent cyclization in Ethanolic sodium ethoxide to yield thieno[2,3-d] pyrimidinone derivatives 3a, 3b respectively.

organic-chemistry-current-research-pyrimidine-derivative

Figure 4: Synthesis of 6benzoyl-2-thioxothieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivative (4).

Moreover, treatment of compound 1 with benzoyl isothiocyanate in Ethanolic sodium hydroxide gave 6benzoyl-2-thioxothieno[2,3-d] pyrimidine derivative (4) [13].

With formamide: 5-Methyl-4-oxo-3,4-dihydrothieno[2,3-d] pyrimidin-6carboxamide (2) was prepared via reaction of compound (1) with formamide (Figure 5) [14].

organic-chemistry-current-research-Synthesis-Methyl

Figure 5: Synthesis of 5-Methyl-4-oxo-3,4-dihydrothieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-6carboxamide (2).

With urea and their derivatives: Methyl 3-aminothiophene- 2-carboxylate (1) was condensed with urea (2) at 190°C to yield thieno[3,2-d] pyrimidin-2,4(1H,3H)-dione (3) in high yield (Figure 6) [15].

organic-chemistry-current-research-Synthesis-thieno

Figure 6: Synthesis of thieno[3,2-d] pyrimidin-2,4(1H,3H)-dione (3).

Moreover, thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidines 4 and 5 (Figure 7) showed potent anticancer activity at low concenrations against most of the used human tumor cell lines when compared to doxorubicin as potent anticancer drug [16].

organic-chemistry-current-research-Structure-thieno

Figure 7: Structure of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidines 4 and 5.

Reactions of Thienopyrimidines.

Reactions attributed to thiophene ring.

Reactions at thiophene carbons.

Electrophilic substitutions like halogenation, Vilsmeier formylation, nitration and alkylation, were demonstrated in thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidines (I) and thieno[3,4-d]pyrimidines (III) (Figure 8) involved position 6 and equivalent position 7, respectively, which is typical of thiophene itself and suggested a weak influence of annelation with the pyrimidine ring. A different situation is observed for electrophilic substitution in thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidines (II), where the influence of annelation of the Pyrimidine ring is stronger than the effect of orientation of the sulphur atom in the thiophene ring and, consequently, the attack occurred at position 7.

organic-chemistry-current-research-Electrophilic-substitution

Figure 8: Electrophilic substitution reaction of various Isomers of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine.

Halogenation

Bromination of compound (1) with mild brominating agent, N-bromosuccinimde (NBS), in dimethyl formamide afforded 4-amino- 6-bromo-2subutitutedthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidines (2) [17] (Figure 9).

organic-chemistry-current-research-amino-bromo

Figure 9: Synthesis of 4-amino-6-bromo-2subutedthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidines.

Vilsmeier-Haack reaction

The Vilsmeier-Haack reaction of compound (1) using phosphorus oxychloride and DMF resulted in the formation of 6-formyl-1,3- dimethylthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2,4(1H, 3H)-dione (2) [18] (Figure 10).

organic-chemistry-current-research-Synthesis-formyl

Figure 10: Synthesis of formyl-1,3-dimethylthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2,4(1H, 3H)-dione (2).

Nitration

Thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine (1)was nitrated using a solution of fuming nitric acid in concentrated sulfuric acid to afford 6-nitro-1,3- dimethylthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2,4 (1H,3H)-dione (2) [18] (Figure 11).

organic-chemistry-current-research-Synthesis-nitro

Figure 11: Synthesis of 6-nitro-1,3-dimethylthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2,4 (1H,3H)-dione (2).

Also, 6-bromo-1,3-dimethylthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine 2,4(1H, 3H)-dione (4) (Figure 12) was formed by addition of a solution of bromine dissolved in acetic acid to thienopyrimidine (3).

organic-chemistry-current-research-Synthesis-bromo

Figure 12: Synthesis of 6-bromo-1,3-dimethylthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine2,4(1H, 3H)-dione (2).

This work aimed to synthesize some new thieno[2,3-d]pyrimdine derivatives starting with methyl 2-aminothiophene-3-carboxylate and urea, to evaluate their Biological activities.

Encouraged by the diverse biological activities of Thieno [2,3- d]pyrimidine Heterocyclic compounds, it was decided to prepare a new series of Thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine Heterocyclic compounds. Literature survey revealed that incorporation of different groups in Thieno [2,3-d]pyrimidine Heterocyclic ring enhanced antibacterial and antifungal activity. In the present communication 2-chloro-4- hydrazinyl thieno[2,3-d] pyrimidine (4) was reacted with Acetyl acetone (5) in Ethanol at Reflux Temperature to form Pyrazole Thieno Pyrimidine[2,3-d] derivative (6), which was further reacted with different types of boronic acids (7 a-j) under Suzuki reaction conditions to get target compounds (8a-8j) (Figure 13). The synthesis of the compounds as per the following given below. The synthetic route was depicted in (Figure 14).

organic-chemistry-current-research-pyrazole-thieno-pyrimidine

Figure 13: Synthetic path way of preparation of pyrazole thieno-pyrimidine [2, 3-d] derivatives (8 a-j). R=-Phenyl, -4 Methyl phenyl, -4 Methoxy phenyl, -4 tri fluoro methoxy phenyl, -4 Tri fluoro phenyl, - 4-(methyl thio)phenyl, -4 Nitro phenyl, -Indole 5-yl, Thiophene 2-yl, pyridin-3-yl boronic acids. Reagents and reaction conditions: (a) Urea, 200°C, 3 hrs (b) POCl3, N-ethyl - N, N di isopropyl amine Reflux, 6 hrs (b) Hydrazine hydrate, Tri Ethyl Amine, Ethanol, 0°C-RT, 3 hrs. (d) Ethanol, Reflux, 6 hrs (e) Pd(PPh3)4 ; Sodium carbonate in 1,4dioxane; Water, 110°C; 5 hrs.

organic-chemistry-current-research-plausible-mechanism

Figure 14: A plausible mechanism pathway for the formation of pyrazole (6).

The structures of all synthesized compounds were assigned on the basis of IR, Mass, 1H and 13C NMR spectral data analysis. Further these compounds were subjected for antifungal and antibacterial activity.

Materials and Methods

In this Investigation chemicals were purchased from local dealer with S.D fine make was used. Chemicals were 99% pure; purity has been checked by thin layer chromatography and melting point. Conventional method has been used for synthesis of thieno [2,3-d] Pyrimidine derivatives. Stirring and reflux method were used for synthesis of Thieno [2,3-d] Pyrimidine derivatives 8 (a-j) respectively. The synthetic route was depicted in Figure 13.

The title compounds 8(a-j) were synthesized in five sequential steps using different reagents and reaction conditions, the 8(a-j) were obtained in moderate yields. The structure was established by spectral (IR, 1H -NMR, 13C-NMR and mass) data.

Experimental section

All reactions were carried out under argon in oven-dried glassware with magnetic stirring. Unless otherwise noted, all materials were obtained from commercial suppliers and were used without further purification. All solvents were reagent grade. THF was distilled from sodium benzo phenone ketyl and degassed thoroughly with dry argon directly before use. Unless otherwise noted, organic extracts were dried with anhydrous Na2SO4, filtered through a fitted glass funnel, and concentrated with a rotary evaporator (20-30 Torr). Flash chromatography was performed with silica gel (200-300 mesh) by using the mobile phase indicated. The NMR spectra were measured with a 400 MHz Bruker Avance spectrometer at 400.1 and 100.6 MHz, for 1H for 13C, respectively, in CDCl3 solution with tetra methyl silane as internal standard. Chemical shifts are given in ppm (δ) and are referenced to the residual proton resonances of the solvents. Proton and carbon magnetic resonance spectra (1H NMR and 13C NMR ) were recorded using tetra methyl silane (TMS) in the solvent of CDCl3-d1 or DMSO-d6 as the internal standard (1H NMR: TMS at 0.00 ppm, CDCl3 at 7.26 ppm, DMSO at 2.50 ppm; 13C NMR : CDCl3 at 77.16 ppm, DMSO at 40.00 ppm).

Synthesis

General procedure for synthesis of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2,4- diol[compound (2)]:Methyl 2-aminothiophene-3-carboxylate (0. 1 mol, 15.7 g) and urea (0.5 mol, 30 g) were mixed with each other, and the mixture was heated for two hours at 200°C. A clear, brown molten mass was formed which solidified upon standing; the solid product was dissolved in warm 1 N sodium hydroxide, and then acidified with 2 N Hydrochloric acid. The crystalline precipitate formed thereby was collected by vacuum filtration and re-crystallized from Water, yielding 72% (16.8 gms) of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2,4-diol, M.P. 300°C above.

Yield: 90% (white color solid).

IR (KBr, cm-1): 3440(-OH), 1160 (C-O-C Stretching), 3090(Ar C-H), 1630 (Ar C=C Stretching).

1H NMR (400 MHz; CDCl3): δH 11.44 (S, 1H , -OH), 9.18 (S, 1H , -OH), 6.94 (d, 1H , JHH= 8.0 Hz, Ar-H),), 7.29 (d, JHH= 8.0 Hz, 1H , Ar-H).

13C NMR (100 MHz; CDCl3): δC 128.92, 124.03, 128.11, 159.62, 151.67, 154.75.

LC-MS (70 eV): m/z = 169 (M+H)+.

General procedure for synthesis of 2,4-dichlorothieno[2,3-d] pyrimidine [compound (3)]: A mixture consisting of (8.4 gm, 0.05 mol) 2,4-di hydroxy-thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine (2) (8.4 gm, 0.05 mol) and 100 ml. of phosphorus oxy chloride was refuxed for 10 hours, whereby a clear solution was formed. Thereafter, the excess un reacted phosphorus oxy chloride was evaporated in vacuo, the residual oil was poured into ice water, and the aqueous mixture was extracted with chloroform. The chloroform phase was isolated, washed with water until neutral, then dried over Sodium sulfate, the chloroform was evaporated in vacuo, and the solid residue was re crystallized from ethanol. 7.65 gm. (75% of yield) of 2,4-dichloro thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine, M.P. 161-162°C., were obtained.

IR (KBr, cm-1): 740 (-C-Cl), 3110 (Ar C-H), 1660 (Ar C=C Stretching).

1H NMR (400 MHz; CDCl3): δH 6.98 (d, 1H , JHH=7.0 Hz, Ar-H),), 7.39 (d, JHH=7.0 Hz, 1H , Ar-H).

13C NMR (100 MHz; CDCl3): δC 126.92, 123.03, 126.11, 153.62, 161.67, 154.75.

LC-MS (70 eV): m/z=205(M+H)+, 207(M+2), 209(M+4), 9:6:1. It indicates molecule contain two chlorine atoms.

General procedure for synthesis of 2-chloro-4- hydrazinylthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine[compound (4)]: A mixture of 2,4-dichlorothieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine [compound (3)] (0.1 mol, 20.4 gms) in methanol was taken and cooled to 0°C-5°C in an ice bath. Tri Ethyl amine (0.3 mol, 30.3 gms) was added to the cold reaction mixture and then hydrazine hydrate (95% Purity) (0.15 mol, 8 gms) was added slowly at 5°C-10°C. The reaction mass was allowed to stir at room temperature for 3 hrs, after completion of starting compound, the excess amount of methanol and Tri Ethyl amine was removed under vacuum. The residue was washed with water, finally petroleum ether then they obtain solid was filtered and Dried under vacuum (Figure 15).

organic-chemistry-current-research-chloro-hydrazinylthieno

Figure 15: 1H NMR Spectra of 2-chloro-4-hydrazinylthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine (Compound 4).

Yield: 85% (17 gms, pale brown colour solid); m.p. 202-204°C.

IR (KBr, cm-1): 760(-C-Cl), 3102(Ar C-H), 1650 (Ar C=C Stretching), 3342 (-N-H Stretching, two bands indicates 1° Amine) (Figure 16).

organic-chemistry-current-research-Expansion-Spectra

Figure 16: 1H NMR Expansion Spectra of 2-chloro-4-hydrazinylthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine (Compound 4).

1H NMR (400 MHz; CDCl3): δH 4.68 (s, 2H), 7.60 (S, 2H, Ar-H), 9.6 (1H, S) (Figure 17).

organic-chemistry-current-research-Mass-Spectra

Figure 17: Mass Spectra of 2-chloro-4-hydrazinylthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine (Compound 4).

General procedure for synthesis of 2-chloro-4-(3,5-dimethyl-1Hpyrazol- 1-yl)thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine compound(6): To a mixture of compound(4) (0.1 mol, 20 g) in methanol (50 ml), acetyl acetone compound (5) (0.12 mol, 12 g) was added the reaction mixture was refluxed for 2 hrs and then The obtained solid was filtered off, dried and re-crystallized from Ethanol to give compound (6).

Yield: 84% (16.8 gms, pale brown colour solid); m.p. 202-204°C.

IR (KBr, cm-1): 744(-C-Cl), 3112(Ar C-H), 2942 (SP3 -C-H Stretching).

1H NMR (400 MHz; DMSO-d6 ): δH 6 (1H,S, Ar-H, Pyrazole ring),7 (1H,d, JHH=7.2 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.2 (1H,d, JHH= 7.2 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 2.43 (S, 6H, CH3 × 2).

13C NMR (100 MHz; CDCl3): δC 126.92, 123.03, 116.11, 170,163.62, 141.67, 110.25, 153, 13 (Methyl carbon).

MS (70 eV): m/z = 265(M+H)+, 267(M+2), 3:1 It indicates molecule contain one chlorine atom.

General procedure for synthesis of 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol- 1-yl)-2-phenylthieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (8a), 4-(3,5-dimethyl- 1H -pyrazol-1-yl)-2-p-tolylthieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (8b), 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl) thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (8c), 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)- 2-(4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine (8d), 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl) thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (8e), 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol- 1-yl)-2-(4-(methylthio)phenyl)thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (8f), 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(4-nitrophenyl)thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine (8g), 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(1H-indol- 5-yl)thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (8h), 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)-2-(thiophen-2-yl)thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (8i), 4-(3,5-dimethyl- 1H -pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine(8j): A Solution of 2-chloro-4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine compound(6) in dioxane (5v) (3.8 m.mol, 1 g), was added to a appropriate different boronic acids (7a-j) (5.7 m.mol), aqueous Na2CO3 (0.5M, 11.4 m.mol, 1.2 gms) Pd(PPh3)4 (0.38 m.mol, 440 mg, 10 mol%) was then added as a solid, Then degassed for 10 mints, the vial was capped and the solution was heated to 110°C for 5 hrs. Reaction progress was monitored by TLC. Then reaction mixture was diluted with water and Extracted with Dichloro methane, dried over Na2SO4 filtered and evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified by Column Chromatography affording product 8(a)-8(j).

4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-phenylthieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine (8a): From 2-chloro-4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl) thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine compound(6) (3.8 m.mol, 1 g) and phenyl boronic acid (7a) (4.56 m.mol, 695 mg). The compound was obtained as pale light crystals, 63% (730 mg) (Figure 18).

organic-chemistry-current-research-dimethyl-phenylthieno

Figure 18: 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1Hpyrazol-1-yl)-2-phenylthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine.

yield, m.p. 217-219°C.

IR (KBr) cm-1: 3060 (CH aryl), 2960 (CH alkyl), 1600 (C=N), 1550 (C=C).

1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6 ) ppm: δH 2.34(S, 6H, CH3 × 2), 6(1H,S, Ar-H, Pyrazole ring), 7.1 (1H,d, JHH= 7.2 Hz, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.3 (1H,d, JHH=7.2 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.5-8.4 (5H,m).

13C NMR (100 MHz; DMSO-d6 ): δC 13(Methyl carbons), 110.25, 117.11, 123.03, 1267, 130, 135, 141.67, 155, 164.62, 167.

MS (70 eV): m/z = 307(M+H, 100%)+, 308(M+1, 18.4%). It indicates molecule contain 17 carbon atoms.

4-(3, 5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-p-tolyl thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine (8b): From 2-chloro-4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl) thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine compound(6) (3.8 m.mol, 1 g) and 4-methyl phenyl boronic acid (7b) (4.56 m.mol, 620 mg). The compound was obtained as light white crystals, 61% (Figure 19).

organic-chemistry-current-research-dimethyl-tolylthieno

Figure 19: 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-p-tolylthieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine.

Yield (0.738 mg), m.p. 259-261°C.

IR (KBr) cm-1: 3070 (CH aryl), 2960 (CH alkyl), 1610 (C=N), 1590 (C=C).

1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6 ) ppm: δH 2.33 (S, 9H, CH3 × 3), 6.2 (1H,S, Ar-H, Pyrazole ring), 7.1(1H,d, JHH=7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.23(2H,d, JHH=8Hz), 7.3 (1H,d, JHH=7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 8.5(2H,d, JHH=8Hz).

13C NMR (100 MHz; DMSO-d6 ): δC 13(Methyl carbons in pyrazole ring), 23(methyl carbon, Aromatic methyl carbon), 110.25, 117.11, 126.92, 128,130, 132,155, 141.67, 151, 135, 165, 169.

MS (70 eV): m/z = 321(M+H, 100%)+, 322(M+1, 19.4%), It indicates molecule contain 18 carbon atoms.

4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl) thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (8c): From 2-chloro-4-(3,5-dimethyl-1Hpyrazol- 1-yl)thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine compound(6) (3.8 m.mol, 1 g) and 4-methoxy phenyl boronic acid (7c) (4.56 m.mol, 693 mg). The compound was obtained as pale light colourless crystals (Figure 20).

organic-chemistry-current-research-dimethyl-methoxyphenyl

Figure 20: 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)thieno[2,3-d] pyrimidine.

60% yield(763 mg), m.p. 231-233°C.

IR (KBr) cm-1: 3090 (CH aryl), 2960 (CH alkyl), 1160(C-O-C),1600 (C=N), 1590 (C=C).

1H-NMR (400, MHz, DMSO-d6 ) ppm: δH 2.32 (S, 6H, CH3 × 2), 3.9 (3H,S, -O-CH3),6.1 (1H,S, Ar-H, Pyrazole ring),7.2(1H,d, JHH= 7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.05 (1H,d, JHH= 7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.1(2H,d, JHH=8 Hz), 7.8(2H,d, JHH=8 Hz).

13C NMR (100 MHz; DMSO-d6 ): δC 513 (Methyl carbons in pyrazole ring), 6 (methyl carbon, Aromatic methoxy carbon), 126.92, 123.03, 117.11, 169,165, 155,141.67, 110.25, 151, 125, 130,114, 161.

MS (70 eV): m/z = 337(M+H, 100%)+, 338(M+1, 19.5%). It indicates molecule contain 18 carbon atoms.

4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(4-(trifluoromethoxy) phenyl)thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine (8d): From 2-chloro-4-(3,5-dimethyl- 1H -pyrazol-1-yl)thieno[2,3-d] (Figure 21) Pyrimidine compound(6) (3.8 m.mol, 1 g) and 4-Trifluoro methoxy phenyl boronic acid (7d) (4.56 m.mol, 939 mg). The compound was obtained as pale yellow crystals, 65% yield (960 mg), m.p. 248-250°C;

organic-chemistry-current-research-dimethyl-trifluoromethoxy

Figure 21: 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl) thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine.

IR (KBr) cm-1: 3080 (CH aryl), 2960 (CH alkyl), 1350(C-F), 1190(C-O-C),1610 (C=N), 1595 (C=C);

1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6 ) ppm: δH 2.36 (S, 6H, CH3 × 2), 6.15(1H,S, Ar-H, Pyrazole ring),7.2(1H,d, JHH=7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.25 (1H,d, JHH= 7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.35(2H,d, JHH=8Hz), 7.9(2H,d, JHH=8Hz).

13C NMR (100 MHz; DMSO-d6 ): δC 13(Methyl carbons in pyrazole ring), 126.92, 123.03, 117.11, 169,165, 155,141.67, 110.25, 151, 128(- CF3 carbon, Aromatic tri fluoro methoxy carbon), 125, 130,114, 161.

MS (70 eV): m/z = 389(M-H, 100%)+, 390(M+1, 19.5%), It indicates molecule contain 18 carbon atoms.

4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl) thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (8e): From 2-chloro-4-(3,5-dimethyl-1Hpyrazol- 1-yl)thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine compound(6) (Figure 22) (3.8 m.mol,1 g) and 4-Trifluoro methyl phenyl boronic acid (7e) (4.56 m.mol, 866 mg). The compound was obtained as yellow crystals, 65% yield (918 mg), m.p. 278-280°C.

organic-chemistry-current-research-dimethyl-pyrazol

Figure 22: 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl) thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine.

IR (KBr) cm-1: 3010 (CH aryl), 2960 (CH alkyl), 1340(C-F), 1610 (C=N), 1615 (C=C).

1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6 ) ppm: δH 2.31 (S, 6H, CH3 × 2), 6.05(1H,S, Ar-H, Pyrazole ring), 7.05 (1H,d, JHH= 7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.2(1H,d, JHH= 7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.8(2H,d, JHH=8 Hz), 8.9 (2H, d, JHH=8Hz).

13C NMR (100 MHz; DMSO-d6 ): δC 16(Methyl carbons in pyrazole ring), 126.92, 123.03, 117.11, 169,165, 155,141.67, 110.25, 124(-CF3 carbon, Aromatic tri fluoro methyl carbon), 125, 130,114, 131,151.

MS (70 eV): m/z = 373(M-H, 100%)+, 374(M+1, 19.5%), It indicates molecule contain 18 carbon atoms.

4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(4-(methylthio)phenyl) thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (8f): From 2-chloro-4-(3,5-dimethyl-1Hpyrazol- 1-yl)thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine compound(6) (Figure 23) (3.8 m.mol,1 g) and 4-(methylthio) phenyl boronic acid (7f) (4.56 m.mol, 766 mg). The compound was obtained as pale white crystals, 66% yield (877 mg), m.p. 293-295°C.

organic-chemistry-current-research-dimethyl-thieno

Figure 23: 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(4-(methylthio)phenyl) thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine.

IR (KBr) cm-1: 3090 (CH aryl), 2960 (CH alkyl), 1600 (C=N), 1560 (C=C).

1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6 ) ppm: δH 2.30 (S, 6H, CH3 × 2), 2.59(3H,S, -S-CH3), 6.1(1H,S, Ar-H, Pyrazole ring), 6.98 (1H,d, JHH= 7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.2(1H,d, JHH= 7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.5(2H,d, JHH=8Hz), 7.7(2H,d, JHH=8Hz).

13C NMR (100 MHz; DMSO-d6 ): δC 14(Methyl carbons in pyrazole ring), 18(methyl carbon, Aromatic methyl Thio carbon), 126.92, 123.03, 117.11, 169,165, 155,141.67, 110.25, 151, 125, 130,114, 161.

MS (70 eV): m/z = 353(M+H, 100%)+, 354(M+1, 19.5%), It indicates molecule contain 18 carbon atoms.

4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(4-nitrophenyl) thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (8g): From 2-chloro-4-(3,5-dimethyl-1Hpyrazol- 1-yl)thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine compound(6) (3.8 m.mol, 1 g) (Figure 24) and 4-nitro phenyl boronic acid (7 g) (4.56 m.mol, 761 mg). The compound was obtained as pale white crystals, 66% yield(875 mg), m.p. 293-295°C.

organic-chemistry-current-research-dimethyl-pyrazol

Figure 24: 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(4-nitrophenyl)thieno[2,3-d] pyrimidine.

IR (KBr) cm-1: 3090 (CH aryl), 2980 (CH alkyl), 1600 (C=N), 1560 (C=C); 1340 and 1560 (N-O Symmetric and Asymmetric stretching in Nitro Group).

1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6 ) ppm: δH 2.33 (S, 6H, CH3 × 2), 6.1(1H,S, Ar-H, Pyrazole ring), 6.98 (1H,d, JHH= 7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.2(1H,d, JHH= 7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 8.1(2H,d, JHH=8Hz), 8.45(2H,d, JHH=8Hz).

13C NMR (100 MHz; DMSO-d6 ): δC 15(Methyl carbons in pyrazole ring), 126.92, 123.03, 117.11, 169,165, 155,141.67, 110.25, 151, 141, 126,125, 149.

MS (70 eV): m/z = 352(M+H, 100%)+, 353(M+1, 18.5%), It indicates molecule contain 18 carbon atoms.

4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(1H-indol-5-yl) thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (8h): From 2-chloro-4-(3,5-dimethyl-1Hpyrazol- 1-yl)thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine compound(6) (3.8 m.mol, 1 g) and 1H -indol-5-ylboronic acid (7h) (4.56 m.mol, 735 mg) (Figure 25). The compound was obtained as pale white crystals, 56% yield(730 mg), m.p. 257-259°C;

organic-chemistry-current-research-dimethyl-thieno

Figure 25: 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(1H-indol-5-yl)thieno[2,3-d] pyrimidine.

IR (KBr) cm-1: 3110 (CH aryl), 3360 (br, NH),2990 (CH alkyl), 1600 (C=N), 1560 (C=C).

1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6 ) ppm: δH 2.35 (S, 6H, CH3 × 2), 6.1(1H,S, Ar-H, Pyrazole ring), 6.45(1H,d, JHH=8Hz), 6.98 (1H,d, JHH= 7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.2(1H,d, JHH= 7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.48(1H,d, JHH=8Hz), 7.7(1H,d), 7.9(2H,d), 7.65(1H,S), 10(1H,bs).

13C NMR (100 MHz; DMSO-d6 ): δC 16(Methyl carbons in pyrazole ring), 126.92, 123.03, 117.11, 169,165, 155,141.67, 110.25, 151, 130, 117, 111, 120, 116, 130, 135, 104, 125.

MS (70 eV): m/z = 346(M+H, 100%)+, 347(M+1, 20.5%), It indicates molecule contain 19 carbon atoms.

4-(3, 5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(thiophen-2-yl) thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine (8i): From 2-chloro-4-(3,5-dimethyl-1Hpyrazol- 1-yl)thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine compound(6) (Figure 26) (3.8 m.mol, 1 g) and Thiophene-2-yl boronic acid (7i) (4.56 m.mol, 585 mg). The compound was obtained as pale white crystals, 66% yield (778 mg), m.p. 293-295°C.

organic-chemistry-current-research-dimethyl-thieno-pyrimidine

Figure 26: 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(thiophen-2-yl)thieno[2,3-d] pyrimidine.

IR (KBr) cm-1: 3090 (CH aryl), 2980 (CH alkyl), 1600 (C=N), 1560 (C=C);

1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6 ) ppm: δH 2.43 (S, 6H, CH3 × 2), 6.1(1H,S, Ar-H, Pyrazole ring), 6.98 (1H,d, JHH= 7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.15(1H,t), 7.7(1H,d),7.2(1H,d, JHH= 7.0 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.9(1H,d, JHH=8Hz),.

13C NMR (100 MHz; DMSO-d6 ): δC 18(Methyl carbons in pyrazole ring), 126.92, 123.03, 117.11, 155,141.67, 110.25, 151, 163, 143, 130, 127, 129, 169,165.

MS (70 eV): m/z = 313(M+H, 100%)+, 314(M+1, 16.2%), It indicates molecule contain 15 carbon atoms.

4-(3, 5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl) thieno [2, 3-d] Pyrimidine (8j): From 2-chloro-4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol- 1-yl)thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine compound(6) (3.8 m.mol, 1 g) and pyridine-3-yl boronic acid (7a) (4.56 m.mol, 560 mg) (Figure 27). The compound was obtained as pale light crystals, 63% yield (730 mg), m.p. 217-219°C;

organic-chemistry-current-research-dimethyl-pyrazol-pyrimidine

Figure 27: 4-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-(pyridine-3-ylthieno[2,3-d] pyrimidine.

IR (KBr) cm-1: 3060 (CH aryl), 2960 (CH alkyl), 1600 (C=N), 1550 (C=C);

1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6 ) ppm: δH 2.43 (S, 6H, CH3 × 2), 6(1H,S, Ar-H, Pyrazole ring),7.1(1H,d, JHH= 7.2 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.3 (1H,d, JHH= 7.2 HZ, Thiophene ring Ar-H), 7.6(1H,t), 8.5(1H,d), 8.8(1H,d), 9.3(1H,S),.

13C NMR (100 MHz; DMSO-d6 ): δC 20(Methyl carbons), 126.92, 123.03, 117.11,155, 167,164.62, 141.67, 110.25, 155, 162, 133, 137, 126, 148,158.

MS (70 eV): m/z = 308(M+H, 100%)+, 309(M+1, 17.4%), It indicates molecule contain 16 carbon atoms.

Biological activity

Antibacterial studies: The newly prepared compounds were screened for their antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumonia and Escherichia coli (clinical isolate) bacterial strains by disc diffusion method. A standard inoculums (1-2 × 107 c.f.u./ml 0.5 McFarland standards) were introduced on to the surface of sterile agar plates, and a sterile glass spreader was used for even distribution of the inoculums. The disks measuring 6 mm in diameters were prepared from What man no. 1 filter paper and sterilized by dry heat at 140°C for 1 h. The sterile disks previously soaked in a known concentration of the test compounds were placed in nutrient agar medium. Solvent and growth controls were kept. Amoxicillin (30 μg) was used as positive control and the disk poured in DMSO was used as negative control and the test compounds were dissolved in DMSO at concentration of 100 and 50 μg/mL. The plates were inverted and incubated for 24 h at 37°C. The susceptibility was assessed on the basis of diameter of zone of inhibition against Grampositive and Gram-negative strains of bacteria. Inhibition of zone of measured and compared with controls. The bacterial zone of inhibition values is given in Table 1. The order of activity was 8i>8h>8e>8j>8d >8f >8g>>8a>8b>8c.

Zone of inhibition measure in mm
Synthesised Compounds Gram positive Gram negative
Bacillus subtilis Staphylocouccus aureus Klebsiella pneumonia Escherichia coli
  100 µg/mL 50 µg/mL 100 µg/mL 50 µg/mL 100 µg/mL 50 µg/mL 100 µg/mL 50 µg/mL
8a 7.5 3.5 8 7 9.5 7 10.5 7.5
8b 7 4.5 7 4.5 8.5 6.5 9 7
8c 6 3 7.5 5 8 6 9.5 6
8d 10 8 11.1 9.5 12 11 13.5 11
8e 11.5 9 12.5 11 14.5 11.5 15.5 12
8f 9.5 7 9.5 7.5 12 10 12.5 10.5
8g 8.5 6.5 9.0 6.5 10.15 8 11 8
8h 12.5 10 14.5 10.5 15 13.5 16.5 12.5
8i 13 10.5 15 11.5 16.5 14 17 13
8j 11 9.5 11.5 8.5 12.5 12 13 11.5
Amoxicillin 15.7 12.6 17.4 13 18 14.6 19.6 15.5
Control (DMSO) --- --- ---- ----- ---- ----- ----- -----

Table 1: Anti-bacterial activity of compounds 8(a-j).

Antifungal studies: The newly prepared compounds were screened for their antifungal activity against Candida albicans and Aspergillus flavus in DMSO by agar diffusion method. Sabourauds agar media was prepared by dissolving peptone (1 g), D-glucose (4 g) and agar (2 g) in distilled water (100 ml) and adjusting ph 5.7. Normal saline was used to make suspension of corresponding species. Twenty millilitres of agar media was poured into each Petri dish. Excess of suspension was decanted and the plates were dried by placing in an incubator at 37°C for 1 h using an agar punch, wells were made and each well was labelled. A control was also prepared in triplicate and maintained at 37°C for 3-4 days. The fungal activity of each compound was compared with Ketoconazole as a standard drug. Inhibition zone were measured and compared with the controls. The fungal zone of inhibition values is given in Table 2.

Zone of inhibition measure in mm  
Synthesised Compounds Candida albicans Aspergillus flavus
100 µg/mL 50 µg/mL 100 µg/mL 50 µg/mL
8a 8.5 5 7.5 5.5
8b 8 5.5 7 3.5
8c 6.5 4.5 7 4
8d 11.5 6.5 9 6
8e 13 11.5 10.5 8
8f 11 9 10 9
8g 9.5 7.5 8 6.5
8h 14.5 12 12.5 9.5
8i 17.5 12.5 16 12
8j 12.5 8 10.5 10
Ketoconazole 21 16 18.5 14
Control (DMSO) --- --- --- ---

Table 2: Anti-fungal activity of compounds 8a-j.

Results and Discussion

Chemistry

The reaction sequences Employed for synthesis of title compounds are shown in. In the present work, the starting thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine- 2,4-diol(2) was prepared from methyl 2-amino thiophene-3- carboxylate (1) and Urea according to synthetic procedure was prepared according to synthetic procedure [19]. 2,4-dichlorothieno[2,3-d] pyrimidine (3) was prepared according to synthetic procedure [20]. The 2-chloro-4-hydrazinylthieno[2,3-d] pyrimidine (4) was prepared according to synthetic procedure [21], which on further treatment with Acetyl acetone (5) in Ethanol to get 2-chloro-4-(3,5-dimethyl- 1H -pyrazol-1-yl)thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine (6) according to synthetic procedure [21], which were treated with different substituted phenyl boronic acids and Heterocyclic boronic acids under Suzuki reaction conditions to get Target Novel Thieno[2,3-d]Pyrimidine derivatives (8a-j) according to synthetic procedure [22]. All compounds displayed IR, 1H and 13C NMR and mass spectra consistent with the assigned structures. 1H NMR and IR spectrum of compounds (8 a-j) showed singlet at 2.3 ppm, 3.8 ppm are due to the aromatic methyl group protons and Aromatic methoxy group protons. The most characteristic IR absorption bands are at 1140 cm-1 (C-O-C), 760 cm-1 (C-Cl) and 1324 and 1552 cm-1 (N-O Stretching in Nitro group). The mass spectra of all the final derivatives showed comparable molecular ion peak with respect to molecular formula.

Anti-microbial studies

The newly synthesized compounds (8a-j) were screened for their in-vitro anti-bacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylocouccus aureus, Klebsiella pneumonia and Escherichia coli using Amoxicillin as standard by disc diffusion method (zone of inhibition) [23,24]. The test compounds were dissolved in di methyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at concentrations of 50 and 100 μg/mL.The antibacterial screening revealed that all the tested compounds showed good inhibition against various tested microbial strains compared to the standard drug. Along with the synthesized compounds 8i, 8h, 8e and 8j were found to be more active against tested bacterial strains as compared to the standard. Compound 8f exhibited moderate antibacterial activity against all tested bacterial stains. The activities exhibited by the synthesized compounds were due to both pyrazole and different substituted phenyl and Heterocyclic rings linked with Thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine as a Core ring. The in-vitro antifungal activities for compounds 8a-8j were determined by agar diffusion method [25]. The results indicate that, among the tested compounds 8i, 8h, 8e and 8j were active against all tested fungal strains. The enhanced activities are due to electron withdrawing groups viz., -CF3 and nitro attached to thieno [2,3-d] pyrimidine ring. All other compounds such as, pyrazole and phenyl ring with methyl and methoxy groups in thieno [2,3-d] pyrimidine showed lesser antifungal activity as compared with standard Ketoconazole. Tables 1 and 2 depict the antimicrobial screening results of the final compounds.

Conclusion

The research study reports the successful synthesis and antimicrobial activity of novel thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidine as a core unit containing Pyrazole and different Substituted Phenyl / Heterocyclic derivatives. The anti-microbial activity study revealed that all the tested compounds showed good antibacterial and antifungal activities against pathogenic strains. The structure and biological activity relationship of title compounds indicate that the presence of electron withdrawing groups like –CF3 and -NO2 groups attached to the phenyl ring and thiophene, Indole, pyridine rings were responsible for good antimicrobial activity and hence compounds 8i, 8h, 8e and 8j exhibited more potent anti-microbial activity of all tested pathogenic strains.

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to our College Chairman S Venkata Rami Reddy (SVR) Sir, and Principal Dr. P Mallikarjuna Reddy Sir for providing us required facilities and motivation for completion of the Research work. We also extend our gratitude towards Laxai Avanti Life Sciences Pvt Ltd., Hyderabad for providing us facilities of IR Spectra, 1H NMR for characterization of Novel Synthesized compounds.

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