alexa Plant Biochemistry | Plant Physiology | Plant genomes
ISSN: 2329-9029
Journal of Plant Biochemistry & Physiology
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The Influence of Different Processing Methods on Gardenia Volatile Components

Zhang Cun1*, Liu Hui1, Yao Lan1, Chen Jian-hong1,2, Gu Xue-zhu1, Ma Yin-lian1, Chen Ying1 and Li Pu-ling1,2
1Institute of Chinese Materia Madica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China;
2Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450008, China
Corresponding Author : Zhang Cun
Institute of Chinese Materia Madica
China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences
Beijing 100700, China
Tel: 55-17-3221-252
E-mail: [email protected]
Received September 25, 2014; Accepted September 29, 2014; Published October 03, 2014
Citation: Cun Z, Hui L, Lan Y, Jian-hong C, Xue-zhu G, et al. (2014) The Influence of Different Processing Methods on Gardenia Volatile Components. J Plant Biochem Physiol 2:e126. doi: 10.4172/2329-9029.1000e126
Copyright: © 2014 Cun Z, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (GJE), derived from the dried ripe fruit of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis according to Chinese Pharmacopoeia [1], is used as traditional Chinese medicine extensively due to outstanding clinical efficacy. Modern research has shown that gardenia has physiological activities in terms of anti-inflammatory [2], antioxidant [3], and nitrite- scavenging [4]. It also can inhibit leukocyte adherence to vascular endothelial cells induced by ages [5], resist platelet aggregation and promote bile secretion cells in the pancreas [6]. Pharmacological action is the external manifestation of chemical composition. Therefore, the research of chemical components in Gardenia becomes necessary. Gardenia ingredients mainly include iridoid, diterpene, organic acids esters, which had been researched widely. Iridoids components are seen as the index components to evaluate the effect of gardenia, but volatile oil composition is studied infrequently due to the relatively instability. This study will focus on the research of volatile oil components of Gardenia by GC-MS (Figure 1). Different processing methods influence gardenia volatile components due to poor stability of volatile.
Some unstable components (such as o-Xylene,toluene ) reduced and disappeared, along with producing new chemical compounds(such as furfural) with the processing degree deepening. The content of stability composition (isophorone ) also changed. The influence of temperature and processing time is huge too volatile composition, so in-depth study on the content changes of volatile oil in Gardenia is necessary for Gardenia quality control. Volatile oil compositions has gradually been extracted and perceived for wide antimicrobial activity in plants [7-8]. Gardenia was regarded as medicinal and edible plant, expected to become a natural preservative in food. Iridoid, diterpene and organic acids esters are regarded as standards for quality control and fingerprint in Gardenia. At the same time, the research has certain reference significance to Gardenia pharmacodynamics.
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