alexa Theory of Augmented Quantum Reality | Open Access Journals
ISSN: 2469-410X
Journal of Lasers, Optics & Photonics
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Theory of Augmented Quantum Reality

Solomon Budnik*

UTG-PRI TD, Tel Aviv, Israel

*Corresponding Author:
Solomon Budnik
President, UTG-PRI TD
Tel Aviv, Israel
E-mail: s.b0246@gmail.com

Received Date: June 28, 2016 Accepted Date: July 13, 2016 Published Date: July 14, 2016

Citation: Budnik S (2016) Theory of Augmented Quantum Reality. J Laser Opt Photonics 3: 133. doi: 10.4172/2469-410X.1000133

Copyright: © 2016 Budnik S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Lasers, Optics & Photonics

Abstract

We present here our quantum propagation and entanglement system for virtual reality remote space computers and TVs with photonic displays in laser activated imagery. This concept is based on 1935 Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Argument in Quantum Theory. Einstein maintains “the interpretation, according to which |ψ|² expresses the probability that this particle is found at a given point, assumes an entirely peculiar mechanism of action at a distance, which prevents the wave continuously distributed in space from producing an action in two places on the screen. Einstein continues: “in my opinion, one can remove this objection only in the following way, that one does not describe the process solely by the Schrödinger wave, but that at the same time one localizes the particle during propagation

Keywords

Quantum; Computers; Photonic displays; Computers; TV

Introduction

With applied Einstein’s concept to our 3D quantum phase space display system (see image below) in which all possible states of a system are represented, with each possible state of the system corresponding to one unique point in the phase space of all possible values of position and momentum variables, where every degree of freedom or parameter of the system is represented as an axis of a multidimensional space. The concept of phase space was developed in the late 19th century by Ludwig Boltzmann, Henri Poincaré, and Willard Gibbs (Figures 1 and 2). Equations for harmonic oscillator in 3D spherical coordinates of our 3D quantum phase space display system are in our separate paper. This allows us to get generic boundary conditions for the quantum oscillator on N dimensional complex projective space (CPN) and on its noncompact version i.e., Lobachewski space (LN) in presence of constant magnetic field. As a result, we get a family of energy spectrums for the oscillator. Motion of a classical particle in 3-dimensional Lobachevsky and Riemann spaces is studied in the presence of an external magnetic field which is analogous to a constant uniform magnetic field in Euclidean space. In both cases three integrals of motions are constructed and equations of motion are solved exactly in the special cylindrical coordinates on the base of the method of separation of variables. In Lobachevsky space there exist trajectories of two types, finite and infinite in radial variable; in Riemann space all motions are finite and periodical. The invariance of the uniform magnetic field in tensor description and gauge invariance of corresponding 4-potential description is demonstrated explicitly. The role of the symmetry is clarified in classification of all possible solutions, based on the geometric symmetry group, SO(3,1) and SO(4) respectively.

lasers-optics-photonics-image

Figure 1: Image of 3D Quantum phase Display System.

lasers-optics-photonics-once-phase

Figure 2: Once phase space projectory.

Elaboration

Our quantum harmonics electronic system will be based on a quantum carrier (quantum ball or spehere) and jump-resonance phenomena of nonlinear feedback control systems. Second harmonic generation (see below) with resonant enhancement is applicable to our quantum space display model discussed here (Figure 3). The nonlinearities are those whose outputs are single-valued odd functions of the inputs and are independent of frequencies of the photonic inputs. The general conditions under which jump-resonance occurs will be given and the system with saturation nonlinearity will be analysed. The essential objective is to define the contours on the complex plane for the constant values of system variables, e.g., input amplitude, amplitude ratio, and phase shift. Common Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS) will be upgraded by us in our quantum harmonics system to randomly propagate atomic particles by photonic ally switching from one signal carrier (quantum tube, see our quantum harmonics paper) to other quantum channels in thereby achieved dynamic equilibrium beyond chaotic interference. Fermi-Dirac distribution function [1,2] and (electro vacuum) solutions of the Einstein (Einstein-Maxwell) field equations are applicable. Same concept can be applied in our remote quantum loops space display system (see the diagram in Figure 4 below) to constitute space computes and TVs (Figure 5). We accordingly introduce here the notions of a spinning quantum spring (Figure 5) to constitute a spinning quantum ball or sphere created by a multimodal quantum structure in Figure 4. It appears that our quantum ball carrier is a continuum of possible energies. When the carrier is confined to a 3D space, the quantum energy levels begin to spread out and the quantum nature becomes detectable, i.e., electrons will settle in the quantum ball and not in the adjacent layers. This carrier will then exhibit the quantum effects imposed on it, where the number of particles trapped in the carrier can be controlled by an external voltage. Compare our multimodal quantum loops 3D diagram in Figure 4 with Feynman diagram of quantum field geometry (Figure 6): Feynman diagram quantum field geometry To visualize the spinning nature of our multimodal quantum system in Figure 4, we show in Figure 5 the spinning central quantum spring, which sustains our quantum ball’s overall structure (Figures 6-12).

lasers-optics-photonics-cartoon

Figure 3: Cartoon depicting ordered molecules at a small spherical surface. An ultrafast pump laser pumps light with frequency ω which generates light at 2ω from the locally non-centro symmetric media.

lasers-optics-photonics-diagram

Figure 4: This diagram shows integrated quantum loops with central spinning quantum spring, which defines the horizon of the rotating plain constituting a quantum carrier-quantum ball to create a 3D space plasma imagery display in self-generated and contained e.m. field as in a ball lighting to be activated by a tunable pulse laser via spectral prism and acoustic membrane in a combination of colours and sounds of a quantum computer and TV.

lasers-optics-photonics-feynman

Figure 5: Feynman diagram quantum field geometry.

lasers-optics-photonics-spinning

Figure 6: Spinning quantum spring to create the quantum ball or sphere (compare with the ball lighting).

lasers-optics-photonics-ball

Figure 7: Ball Lightening.

lasers-optics-photonics-spiral

Figure 8: Spiral Propagation of light.

lasers-optics-photonics-remote

Figure 9: shows our remote spinning quantum spiral in 3D space display per classical field theory with space-time manifold M (figure 4 below) and field space F, where ?: M F, and action critical points are S[?], dS=0.

lasers-optics-photonics-space-time

Figure 10: space-time manifold M.

lasers-optics-photonics-compare

Figure 11: Compare our 3D spinning quantum ball display in figure 3 with the pictured here in ball lightning structure.

lasers-optics-photonics-electron-ionic

Figure 12: Electron-ionic model of ball lightning.

Electron-ionic Model of Ball Lightning

From wikiversity

The electron-ionic model of ball lightning was represented by Sergey G. Fedosin, a physicist and the philosopher from Perm, Russia, and Kim, from Perm state university, in a number of works. In this model, ball lightning is a cluster of the very hot ionized air with the positive charge in general, whose shell consists of the rapidly revolving electrons with the total current up to 1,4•105 A. Ball lightning as whole is supported by the balance of the electromagnetic forces, which act between the charges. Positive ions inside the lightning are distributed freely as a result of the spherical symmetry, and attract to themselves the electrons of shell, retaining them from the dispersion. According to the model, the ball lightning is formed from two close branches of a linear lightning at the time of termination of current in the main channel with the subsequent closure of branches in a current ring (Figure 13). Equatorial cross-section model of ball lightning as a distinct ring on the current sheet spheroidal shape. R-radius of rotation of ions in the equilibrium shell around the magnetic field with induction B, r-radius of the outer electron shell. Electronic currents in the shell create strong magnetic field inside the lightning. These currents are perpendicular to rotational axis, the diameter of rotation decreases to the poles, where magnetic field grows. This retains positive ions from the dispersion along the rotational axis due to the effect of magnetic bottle. Basic magnetic field inside the lightning is directed along the rotational axis. I.e., ions can move along the axis along the lines of magnetic field. From other side, the ions revolve in the circle perpendicularly to axis under the action of Lorentz force with respect to their thermal velocity [1].

lasers-optics-photonics-equatorial

Figure 13: Equatorial cross-section model of ball lightning as a distinct ring on the current sheet spheroidal shape.

As a result at a certain distance from the axis of lightning appears the intersection of two ion flows, which is observed as the luminous shells inside the lightning. Emission from the shells appears from friction and recombination of the being intersected ion flows. Theory predicts from the first principles the maximum diameter of ball lightning 34 cm. With the larger size the summary charge of lightning, which has positive sign, grows to the value of 10 –5 C and appears the electrical breakdown of air near the lightning. The energy of the lightning in this case reaches 10.6 kJ, the current in the shell 1.4?10 5 A, the internal magnetic field of 0.5

Tesla. Because of its charge ball lightning does not simply float under the action of the force of Archimedes, but it is retained by electric force from clouds and the induced charge on the Earth [2]. The formula for the maximum radius of ball lightning has the form:

Equation

Derivation of the Fermi-Dirac distribution function

We start from a series of possible energies, labeled Ei. At each energy we can have gi possible states and the number of states that are occupied equals gifi, where fi is the probability of occupying a state at energy Ei. The number of possible ways - called configurations - to fit gi fi electrons in gi states, given the restriction that only one electron can occupy each state, equals:

Equation

 

This equation is obtained by numbering the individual states and exchanging the states rather than the electrons. This yields a total number of gi! possible configurations. However since the empty states are all identical, we need to divide by the number of permutations between the empty states, as all permutations cannot be distinguished and can therefore only be counted once [3]. In addition, all the filled states are indistinguishable from each other, so we need to divide also by all permutations between the filled states, namely gifi!

The number of possible ways to fit the electrons in the number of available states is called the multiplicity function. The multiplicity function for the whole system is the product of the multiplicity functions for each energy Ei

Equation

Using Stirling’s approximation, one can eliminate the factorial signs, yielding:

Equation

The total number of electrons in the system equals N and the total energy of those N electrons equals E. These system parameters are related to the number of states at each energy, gi, and the probability of occupancy of each state, fi, by:

Equation

According to the basic assumption of statistical thermodynamics, all possible configurations are equally probable. The multiplicity function provides the number of configurations for a specific set of occupancy probabilities, fi. The multiplicity function sharply peaks at the thermal equilibrium distribution. The occupancy probability in thermal equilibrium is therefore obtained by finding the maximum of the multiplicity function, W, while keeping the total energy and the number of electrons constant.

For convenience, we maximize the logarithm of the multiplicity function instead of the multiplicity function itself. According to the Lagrange method of undetermined multipliers, we must maximize the following function:

Equation

Where a and b need to be determined. The maximum multiplicity function is obtained from:

Equation

Which can be solved, yielding:

Equation

or

Equation

Which can be written in the following form

Equation

With Ei=1/b and EF=-a/b. The symbol EF was chosen since this constant has units of energy and will be the constant associated with this probability distribution.

Taking the derivative of the total energy, one obtains:

Equation

Using the Lagrange equation, this can be rewritten as:

Equation

Any variation of the energies, Ei, can only be caused by a change in volume, so that the middle term can be linked to a volume variation dV.

Equation

This to the thermodynamic identity:

Equation

One finds that βd=kT and S=k lnW . The energy, EF, equals the energy associated with the particles, Σ.

The comparison also identifies the entropy, S, as being the logarithm of the multiplicity function, W, multiplied with Boltzmann’s constant.

The Fermi-Dirac distribution function then becomes:

Equation

References

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Article Usage

  • Total views: 389
  • [From(publication date):
    December-2016 - Aug 22, 2017]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 346
  • PDF downloads :43
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords