alexa XRD: A Pioneer Technique for Characterizing the Polymer and Fiber | Open Access Journals
ISSN: 2165-8064
Journal of Textile Science & Engineering
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

XRD: A Pioneer Technique for Characterizing the Polymer and Fiber

Chauhan A* and Chauhan P

Small and Medium Pharmaceutical Industry Centre (SMPIC), Mohali, Punjab, India

*Corresponding Author:
Chauhan A
Small and Medium Pharmaceutical Industry Centre (SMPIC)
Mohali, Punjab, India
Tel: 9464616773
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: June 02, 2017; Accepted date: June 30, 2017; Published date: July 05, 2017

Citation: Chauhan A, Chauhan P (2017) XRD: A Pioneer Technique for Characterizing the Polymer and Fiber. J Textile Sci Eng 7: 303. doi: 10.4172/2165-8064.1000303

Copyright: © 2017 Chauhan A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Textile Science & Engineering

X-ray diffraction (XRD) is an advanced and sophisticated analytical method to evaluate the structure and chemical composition of a material. Many polymers and fibers are the blend of crystalline and amorphous matrix. XRD is an independent, non destructive and fast analytical approach to evaluate the amount of crystalline content present in polymers and fibers. The crystalline content in a material can be accessed by exposure of high energy X-ray light on the sample and its standard by analyzing its diffractogram (diffraction pattern). The degree of crystallinity of the material can be determined by measuring the width of the peaks on the integrated diffractogram. The technique presents the degree of crystallinity, identifies the angle of diffraction that can be helpful to determine the crystalline structure with the help of Bragg’s Law and similarly, reveals the crystalline index. Since many fibers, polymers and composites used in the laboratory and industries are semi-crystalline so, XRD is a pioneer tool for analysis, evaluation and characterizing polymers before and after physico-chemical changes [1,2] (Figure 1).

textile-science-engineering-typical-diffractogram

Figure 1: A typical diffractogram.

When the x-ray beam lie incident on a crystalline material, diffraction gives rise to sharp peaks whereas non-crystalline material produces broad diffuse scattering. The efficiency of diffraction of crystalline and non-crystalline patterns are the same. Through the integration of collected data, one can evaluate the percent crystallinity with the comparative ratios of integrated intensities or peak area as calculated from the diffractogram. The XRD data can also help to determine the preferred orientation, texture, order disorder transformation, strain, stress in the sample. Using the several softwares, the integrations and simplifications can be further processed to eliminate the background noise, aberrant peaks as well as amorphous data in order to better identify and justify the crystalline structure. Through the process of X-ray diffraction and the analysis of the interference patterns, many characteristics of the molecular structure can be identified and studied [1-3] (Figure 2).

textile-science-engineering-comparative-overlay-diffractograms

Figure 2: A comparative overlay of various diffractograms.

References

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Article Usage

  • Total views: 208
  • [From(publication date):
    June-2017 - Sep 21, 2017]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 180
  • PDF downloads :28
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords