The relation between fluoride concentration in drinking water and dental caries may have occurred throughout the history but was scientifically reported only at the beginning of the last century. The epidemiology of enamel fluorosis and its relation to dental caries has a rich history dating back to 1900s. It serves as an illustration of the power of epidemiology to uncover significant health relations and to establish the safety and effectiveness of specific interventions well in advance of an understanding of the underlying mechanisms of action.
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.
Last date updated on July, 2014