South Africa is a country on the southernmost tip of the African continent, marked by several distinct ecosystems. Inland safari destination Kruger National Park covers vast shrublands populated by big game; the Western Cape encompasses lush winelands around Stellenbosch and Paarl, wild beaches, craggy cliffs at the Cape of Good Hope, forest and lagoons along the Garden Route, and the city of Cape Town, beneath flat-topped Table Mountain.
South Africa, on the continent's southern tip, is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west and by the Indian Ocean on the south and east. The San people were the first settlers; the Khoikhoi and Bantu-speaking tribes followed. The Dutch East India Company landed the first European settlers on the Cape of Good Hope in 1652, launching a colony that by the end of the 18th century numbered only about 15,000. Known as Boers or Afrikaners, and speaking a Dutch dialect known as Afrikaans.
South Africa’s transition to a more open economic system has been facilitated by relatively competitive trade and investment regimes, but structural reforms to diversify the economic base have been only marginally successful. Social instability is exacerbated by violent strikes and a lack of employment opportunity. South Africa’s 2016 Economic Freedom Score is 61.9 (down 0.7 point), Economic Freedom Status: Moderately Free, Global Ranking: 80th, Regional Ranking: 7th in Sub-Saharan Africa, Notable Successes: Trade Freedom and Monetary Freedom, Concerns: Rule of Law and Management of Public Finance and Overall Score Change Since 2012: –0.8.
South African Orthopaedic Association includes the advancement of the science and art of Orthopaedic Surgery and the protection of the interests of its members. South African Orthopaedic Association also includes The South African Orthopaedic Journal (SAOJ) was started in 2002 and was the initiative of the South African Orthopaedic Association. It is the only peer reviewed orthopaedic journal published on the continent of Africa. Most articles are of a clinical nature and many are of practical importance to practising orthopaedic surgeons and senior registrars.