|Osteochondroma is a type of tumor which is non-cancerous and forms near growth plate on the bone surface. It starts to develop during childhood or adolescence. In this condition there occurs the bone growth around the growth plate, and as the child body develops, along with the child growth, the osteochondroma also grow larger and the growth plates also harden and form solid bone. An osteochondroma is made up of both bone and cartilage and is the outgrowth of growth plate. When the child is fully developed, the osteochondroma also stops growing. So in most cases there is no treatment required except regular monitoring so as to identify any changes or complications. Osteochondroma may develop as a single tumor or multiple tumors. It may be congenital or may occur due to trauma to the growth plate that may have occurred previously.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel âroadsâ towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is âself-archivingâ (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.