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Osteoporosis is the disease characterized in the reduction of bone mineral density, bone microarchitecture deteriorates, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone is altered.
Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity is an Open Access, Peer reviewed medical journal which aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments, in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of Osteoporosis like Osteomalacia, Osteopenia, Idiopathic Osteoporosis, Arthritis, Rheumatology, Bone Oncology, etc. and Physical activity like and making them freely available worldwide through scholarly publishing.
Osteopenia is a condition in which bone mineral thickness is lower than typical. It is considered by numerous specialists to be a forerunner to osteoporosis. Not every individual determined to have osteopenia will create osteoporosis. Like osteoporosis, osteopenia also occurs more frequently in post-menopausal women due to the loss of oestrogen.
Sodium fluoride is employed to treat Osteoporosis in women. It stimulates bone formation and will increase bone density in ladies with Osteoporosis by eight per cent annually within the spine and by four percent within the proximal femur. However it decreases cortical bone density within the radius by two per cent annually. Bone with excess fluoride content has associate abnormal structure, and its fragility could also be increased. So sodium fluoride therapy will increase bone mineral density.
The word osteoporosis virtually means "porous bones." It happens once bones lose associate degree excessive quantity of their protein and mineral content, mainly calcium. So, bone mass and bone strength gets decreased. As a result, bones become fragile and break simply. Even a sneeze or a small movement is also enough to interrupt a bone in somebody with severe pathology.
Osteoporosis happens once bone loss exceeds bone formation, leading to low mass, microarchitectural abnormalities. Postmenopausal osteoporosis, is associated with decreased levels of estrogen and have a greater effect on tubercular, than cortical bone. Senile osteoporosis, may be a consequence of aging and is usually increased by inadequate Calcium and vitamin D intake.
Women have the higher incidence of osteoporosis than men do. The disease typically progresses with no symptoms or pain. Generally, pathology is not seen, till the weakened bones cause painful fractures, typically within the back or hips. Estrogen does not improve the activity of cells, that build bone it will cut back the activity of the cells that take away bone, known as the osteoclasts.
Alcohol directly impacts bone health for several reasons. Because, excessive alcohol interferes calcium balance, which is an essential nutrient for healthy bones. It also increases the parathyroid hormone levels, in turn reduce the body’s calcium. Calcium balance is further varied by alcohol ability to interfere with the production of vitamin, essential for calcium absorption.
There are different reasons why women are more prone to get osteoporosis than men, including: Women have a tendency to have slender bones than men. Estrogen, a hormone in ladies that secures bones, diminishes pointedly when ladies achieve menopause, which can bring about bone degradation. Osteoporosis becomes common with age. Fractures are the most dangerous part of osteoporosis.
The word osteoporosis means porous bones. Steroid-induced osteoporosis is osteoporosis, arising due to use of glucocorticoids, involving mainly the axial skeleton. The synthetic glucocorticoid drug, prednisone is the main cause after prolonged intake. The use of thiazide diuretics, and gonadal hormone replacement has also been recommended, with the use of calcitonin, bisphosphonates and sodium fluoride.
There are two types of osteoporosis: primary and secondary. In case of primary osteoporosis, the condition is caused by age-related bone loss (sometimes called senile osteoporosis) or the cause is unknown (idiopathic osteoporosis). The term, idiopathic osteoporosis is used only for men less than 70 years old. The majority of men with osteoporosis have one secondary cause.
The goal of any alternative treatment is, to find ways in managing diseases or healing without the use of drugs. Herbs and Supplements Used for Osteoporosis are Red Clover, soybeans and Black Cohosh. Acupuncture is the therapy, used in traditional Chinese medicine. This practice involves placing very thin needles in strategic points on the body. This is believed to stimulate various organs and body functions that may help in healing.
Osteomalacia is the softening of the bones caused by decreased bone mineralization. Osteomalacia, in children is known as rickets. Signs and symptoms can includes diffuse body pains, muscle weakness and fragility of the bones. The most common cause of osteomalacia is deficiency of vitamin D. Measures to prevent and treat osteomalacia usually involve intake of vitamin D and calcium supplements.
Osteomyelitis is infection and inflammation of the bone or bone marrow. It can be subclassified on the basis of the causative organism and the route, duration and anatomic location of infection. Chronic Osteomyelitis is often defined as Osteomyelitis, which has been present for more than one month. In children, long bones are usually affected. In adults, vertebrae and pelvis are most commonly affected.
Osteoporosis is rare in children. When it occurs, it is usually caused by an underlying medical disorder or by medications used to treat the disorder. This is known as secondary osteoporosis. Sometimes there will be no cause of osteoporosis in a child. This type of osteoporosis is known as idiopathic osteoporosis.
*2016 Journal Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2014 and 2015 with the number of times they are cited in 2016 based on Google Scholar Citation Index database. If 'X' is the total number of articles published in 2014 and 2015, and 'Y' is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed journals during 2016 then, journal impact factor = Y/X