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Professor of Medicine
Department Metabolic Bone Diseases
Autonomous University of Madrid
Han CG Kemper
Professor Faculty of Human Movement Sciences
University of Amsterdam
Federico Hawkins Carranza
Complutense University of Madrid
Index Copernicus Value 2015: 75.04
Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity is an Open Access, Peer reviewed medical journal which aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments, in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of Osteoporosis like Osteomalacia, Osteopenia, Idiopathic Osteoporosis, Arthritis, Rheumatology, Bone Oncology, etc. and Physical activity like and making them freely available worldwide through scholarly publishing.
Sodium fluoride is employed to treat Osteoporosis in women. It stimulates bone formation and will increase bone density in ladies with Osteoporosis by eight per cent annually within the spine and by four percent within the proximal femur. However it decreases cortical bone density within the radius by two per cent annually. Bone with excess fluoride content has associate abnormal structure, and its fragility could also be increased. So sodium fluoride therapy will increase bone mineral density.
Aerobics is a form of exercise that which involves rhythmic aerobic exercise with stretching and strength training routines with the motive of improving all elements of fitness (flexibility, muscular strength, and cardio-vascular fitness). It is usually performed to music and may be practiced in a group setting led by an instructor. It prevents illness and promotes physical fitness; practitioners perform various routines comprising a number of different dance-like exercises.
Alcohol directly impacts bone health for several reasons. Excessive alcohol interferes calcium balance, which is an essential nutrient for healthy bones. It also increases the parathyroid hormone levels, in turn reduce the body’s calcium. Calcium balance is further varied by alcohol ability to interfere with the production of vitamin, essential for calcium absorption.
The goal of any alternative treatment is to find ways in managing diseases or healing without the use of drugs. Herbs and Supplements Used for Osteoporosis are Red clover, Soybeans and Black cohosh. Acupuncture is the therapy used in traditional Chinese medicine. This practice involves placing very thin needles in strategic points on the body. This is believed to stimulate various organs and body functions that may help in healing.
Idiopathic osteoporosis is a type of rare osteoporosis that occurs in children and young adults under 50 years old who are seemingly healthy: they have normal hormone and vitamin levels and there are no obvious reasons for weak bones.
In other words, idiopathic osteoporosis is a rare type of osteoporosis that is unexplained, with no known cause or reason for bone loss.
Osteoporosis is a condition in which there is a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones. Osteoporosis leads to abnormally porous bone that is compressible, like a sponge. This disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone and results in frequent fractures (breaks) in the bones.
Osteopenia is a condition in which bone mineral thickness is lower than typical. It is considered by numerous specialists to be a forerunner to osteoporosis. Not every individual determined to have osteopenia will create osteoporosis. Like osteoporosis, osteopenia also occurs more frequently in post-menopausal women due to the loss of oestrogen.
Osteomyelitis is infection and inflammation of the bone or bone marrow. It can be subclassified on the basis of the causative organism and the route, duration and anatomic location of infection. Chronic Osteomyelitis is often defined as Osteomyelitis, which has been present for more than one month. In children, long bones are usually affected. In adults, vertebrae and pelvis are most commonly affected.
Osteomalacia is the softening of the bones caused by decreased bone mineralization. Osteomalacia, in children is known as rickets. Signs and symptoms can includes diffuse body pains, muscle weakness and fragility of the bones. The most common cause of osteomalacia is deficiency of vitamin D. Measures to prevent and treat osteomalacia usually involve intake of vitamin D and calcium supplements.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease which is the most common chronic condition of the joints. It can affect any joint, but it occurs most often in knees, hips, lower back and neck, small joints of the fingers and the bases of the thumb and big toe. In OA, the cartilage breaks down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the joint. In the final stages of Osteoarthritis, the cartilage wears away and bone rubs against bone leading to joint damage and more pain. Mostly affects people older than 65 years.
Osteosarcoma is a type of cancer that starts in the bones. The cancer cells in these tumours look like early forms of bone cells that normally help make new bone tissue. Most osteosarcomas occur in children and young adults. Though Osteosarcoma can develop at any age, teens are mostly affected.
Based on how the cells look under the microscope, osteosarcomas can be classified as high grade, intermediate grade, or low grade. The grade of the tumour tells the doctor about its metastatic characteristics.
Women have the higher incidence of osteoporosis than men do. The disease typically progresses with no symptoms or pain. There are different reasons why women are more prone to get osteoporosis than men; women have a tendency to have slender bones than men. Oestrogen, a hormone in ladies that secures bones, diminishes pointedly when ladies achieve menopause, which can bring about bone degradation.
Osteoporosis becomes common with age. Fractures are the most dangerous part of osteoporosis. Generally, pathology is not seen, till the weakened bones cause painful fractures, typically within the back or hips. Oestrogen does not improve the activity of cells that build bone it will cut back the activity of the cells that take away bone, known as the osteoclasts.
Osteoporosis happens once bone loss exceeds bone formation, leading to low mass, microarchitectural abnormalities. Postmenopausal osteoporosis, is associated with decreased levels of estrogen and have a greater effect on tubercular, than cortical bone. Senile osteoporosis, may be a consequence of aging and is usually increased by inadequate Calcium and vitamin D intake.
Physical activity is defined as movement of body produced by skeletal muscles which requires expenditure of energy. Regular physical activity helps to improve your overall health and fitness of the body there by reduces your risk for many chronic diseases. Regular physical activities like cycling, walking, and participating in sports have significant benefits for health.
Sports science is a study that involves how the human body works during exercise, and how sport and physical activity improve health and performance from cellular to whole body perspectives. It is also known as sports and exercise science, sports medicine or exercise physiology.
Steroid-induced osteoporosis is osteoporosis arising due to use of glucocorticoids, involving mainly the axial skeleton. The synthetic glucocorticoid drug, prednisone is the main cause after prolonged intake. The use of thiazide diuretics, and gonadal hormone replacement has also been recommended, with the use of calcitonin, bisphosphonates and sodium fluoride.
*2017 Journal Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2015 and 2016 with the number of times they are cited in 2017 based on Google Scholar Citation Index database. If 'X' is the total number of articles published in 2015 and 2016, and 'Y' is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed journals during 2017 then, journal impact factor = Y/X