Clinical Pharmacy Discipline, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Sains Malaysia, 11800, Minden, Penang, Malaysia
Received date: November 14, 2012; Accepted date: November 15, 2012; Published date: November 16, 2012
Citation: Hassan BAR (2012) Overview on Hypertension. Pharmaceut Anal Acta 3:e134. doi: 10.4172/2153-2435.1000e134
Copyright: © 2012 Hassan BAR. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Hypertension is the term used to describe a chronic medical condition characterized by elevation in blood pressure of arteries. As a result of that heart is obligate to work harder than normal to circulate blood in the vessels.
There are several factors and causes which play role in the incidence of blood pressure, the causes and factors as the following:
• Genetic variations
• Obesity and overweight
• Lack of physical activity
• Excessive amounts of fluids and salt taken per-day
• Problems associated with Kidneys, nervous system and blood vessels
• Disturbance in the body hormones
While the factors that play role in lowering blood pressure are the following:
• Reduce dietary salt intake
• Increases fruit intake and low fat dietary products
• Weight loss
• Release of stress by using relaxation techniques
• Reduce alcohol and caffeine intake.
• The main signs and symptoms associated with hypertension are the following:
• Headache (specifically the back of the head)
• Development of heart and kidney problems
• Alteration in the vision
• Nausea and/or vomiting
The diagnosis mainly depends on the measurement of blood pressure for three separated times during one month interval, and when the results of the three sphygmomanometer measurements show that there is an elevation in blood pressure. Then the patient will diagnosed as a patient suffering from hypertension.
Therefore, it is a very important point for the open access journals to encourage researchers and clinicians to work hard in order to clarify the risks of hypertension and the main causes and factors which play role in the incidence of hypertension, and the main ways to avoid its incidence.