Without the necessity of a surgical procedure, disc herniations can be treated with a minimally-invasive procedure using ozone. Muto suggested intradiscal injection of ozone for disc hernia in 1998 under CT guidance, and Leonardi popularized fluoroscopy guided ozone injection into the intervertebral disc. Ozone modifies the core of the intervertebral disc in such a way that the disc herniation resolves. The treatment is carried out under local anaesthesia, and ozone is introduced through a fine needle into the intervertebral disc without the need to open the spinal canal. The micro-therapy is carried out under the precise guidance afforded by computed tomography or C arm. Under a skilled practitioners hand, scar formation is minimal or non-existent. The procedure takes between 20 and 30 minutes. A Hospital stay and postoperative physiotherapy are not necessary.
Scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting novel research. There are thousands of scientific journals in publication, and many more have been published at various points in the past. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Scientific journals contain articles that are peer reviewed, to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. The publication of the results of research is an essential part of the scientific method. If they are describing experiments or calculations, they must supply enough details that an independent researcher could repeat the experiment or calculation to verify the results. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on June, 2014