alexa 16S-23S Intergenic Spacer (ITS) Region Sequence Analysi
ISSN: 2327-5073

Clinical Microbiology: Open Access
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

16S-23S Intergenic Spacer (ITS) Region Sequence Analysis: Applicability and Usefulness in Identifying Genera and Species Resembling Non-Hemolytic Streptococci

Xiaohui Chen Nielsen1*, Derya Carkaci1, Rimtas Dargis1, Lise Hannecke1, Ulrik Stenz Justesen2, Michael Kemp2, Jens Jørgen Christensen1 and Monja Hammer3

1Department of Clinical Microbiology, Slagelse Hospital, Slagelse, Denmark

2Department of Clinical Microbiology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark

3Department of Microbiology Diagnostics and Virology, Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark

*Corresponding Author:
Xiaohui Chen Nielsen, MD, Ph.D
Department of Clinical Microbiology
Slagelse Hospital, Ingemannsvej 18
4200 Slagelse, Denmark
Tel: +4558559479
Fax: +4558559410
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: August 23, 2013; Accepted date: September 24, 2013; Published date: September 28, 2013

Citation: Nielsen XC, Carkaci D, Dargis R, Hannecke L, Justesen US, et al. (2013) 16S-23S Intergenic Spacer (ITS) Region Sequence Analysis: Applicability and Usefulness in Identifying Genera and Species Resembling Non-Hemolytic Streptococci. Clin Microbial 2:130. doi: 10.4172/2327-5073.1000130

Copyright: © 2013 Nielsen XC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



The species that are catalase-negative, gram-positive cocci and not belonging to streptococci or enterococci have become increasingly well characterized and the number of taxonomic entities steadily growing based on molecular taxonomic studies. This complicates their identification. 16S-23S Intergenic Spacer (ITS) region sequence analysis has proven to be a useful tool for species identification of the genera Streptococcus and Enterococcus. This study investigated the possibility of using ITS sequence analysis as a common tool for species identification within the genera Aerococcus, Abiotrophia, Alloiococcus, Dolosicoccus, Dolosigranulum, Facklamia, Granulicatella, Gemella, Ignavigranum, Leuconostoc, and Vagococcus. ITS sequences of 29 type strains and 103 well-characterized clinical strains were determined and BLAST analysis performed for species identification. All clinical strains were convincingly identified to the species level. Phylogenetic analysis showed distinct clustering of strains with the allocated species and the respective type strains. Thus, ITS sequence analysis was useful for species identification of bacteria belonging to the genera that are catalase-negative and gram-positive cocci. Potentially, ITS could be considered as the first line identification tool for the group of catalase-negative, gram-positive cocci, including nonhemolytic streptococci, enterococci and the taxons examined in this study.

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version