alexa 16-Weeks of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Training and Hypo-Caloric Diet on Measures of Arterial Stiffness in Overweight Pre-Menopausal Women
ISSN: 2167-0943

Journal of Metabolic Syndrome
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

16-Weeks of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Training and Hypo-Caloric Diet on Measures of Arterial Stiffness in Overweight Pre-Menopausal Women

Lisa M. Cotie, Andrea R. Josse, Stuart M. Phillips and Maureen J. MacDonald*
Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton ON.L8S 4K1, Canada
Corresponding Author : Maureen MacDonald
1280 Main St. West, Hamilton, ON, Canada, L8S 4K1
Tel: 905 525-9140
Fax: 905 523-6011
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 25, 2014; Accepted March 18, 2014; Published March 28, 2014
Citation: Cotie LM, Josse AR, Phillips SM, MacDonald MJ (2014) 16-Weeks of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Training and Hypo-Caloric Diet on Measures of Arterial Stiffness in Overweight Pre-Menopausal Women. J Metabolic Synd 3:137. doi:10.4172/2167-0943.1000137
Copyright: © 2014 Cotie LM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objective: While diet and exercise reduce the risk of cardiovascular morbidity in overweight populations, the effects of combined aerobic and resistance training on arterial health has not been comprehensively examined.

Methods: We investigated changes in both central and peripheral arterial stiffness using carotid artery distensibility and carotid to radial pulse wave velocity (PWVc-r), respectively, in twenty-five overweight, young women who participated in 16-weeks of 5-7 d/wk aerobic exercise, 2 d/wk resistance training, and hypo-caloric diet intervention. Pro-Collagen Type I C-Peptide (PIP) was used as a marker of type I collagen synthesis and C-telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), a marker of type I collagen degradation.

Results: Carotid artery distensibility was unaltered (Pre: 5.1×10-3 ± 3.9×10-4 vs. Post: 5.5×10-3 ± 3.5×10-4, p=0.26); however, PWVc-r increased following the intervention (Pre: 8.1 ± 0.3 m/s vs. Post: 8.9 ± 0.3 m/s, p<0.05). There were no changes in PIP (Pre: 1188 ± 91 ng/mL vs. Post: 1222 ± 94 ng/mL, p = 0.69), however, CTX increased with the intervention (0.65 ± 0.01 ng/mL vs. Post: 0.80 ± 0.02 ng/mL, p<0.001). There were no relationships between markers of collagen turnover and arterial stiffness measures.

Conclusion: The intervention did not alter carotid artery distensibility or circulating markers of type I collagen synthesis but was associated with increased PWVc-r and CTX. Therefore, 16-weeks of diet and combined aerobic and resistance training may lead to increased peripheral artery stiffness, as measured by PWVc-r, however, cardiovascular risk assessed by carotid artery distensibility remained unchanged.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords