5-Fluorouracil Induces Plasmonic Coupling in Gold Nanospheres: New Generation of Chemotherapeutic Agents
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Ola Mohamed El Borady
Modern Science & Arts University
October city, Egypt
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: September 08, 2012; Accepted Date: September 10, 2012; Published Date: September 12, 2012
Citation: Mohamed MB, Adbel-Ghani NT, El-Borady OM, El-Sayed MA (2012) 5-Fluorouracil Induces Plasmonic Coupling in Gold Nanospheres: New Generation of Chemotherapeutic Agents. J Nanomed Nanotechol 3:146. doi:10.4172/2157-7439.1000146
Copyright: © 2012 Mohamed MB, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Loading 5- Fluorouracil (5-FU) into gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) could enhance its activity as anticancer drug hugely by enhancing its ability for penetration through the cell membrane. Accordingly, this work is devoted to loading 5-FU into AuNPs surface and studying the binding mechanism of the drug to the surface of the gold nanoparticles. Our finding indicates that new absorption band appears at longer wavelength upon loading 5-FU into gold nanospheres capped with citrate. This near IR band is due to induced surface plasmon coupling via hydrogen bonding between 5-FU and surface capping AuNPs. This leads to great enhancement of the drug action as chemotherapeutic as well as photothermal agents. Factors which affect the binding between 5-FU and the AuNPs such as pH, time after mixing the
drug with AuNPs, concentration of the 5-FU, have been studied in detail. Accordingly, the binding interaction is proven to be via hydrogen bonding. Upon the investigation of thermal and photo satiability, the formed composite [email protected] AuNPs showed high stability towards these factors. The spectral and morphological studies were measured via UV-VIS spectroscopy and Transmission Electron Microscopy (HR-TEM). Remarkable increases in the drug anticancer activity upon loading into AuNPs were observed for the cell viability test of human colon cancer (HCT16).