alexa A Case of Kwashiorkor Presenting with Pericardial Effusion
2572-5130

Medical Reports & Case Studies
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Case Report

A Case of Kwashiorkor Presenting with Pericardial Effusion

Taheri S*, Surak A, Bravo G, McMurray A and Altamirano-Diaz L

Department of Paediatrics, Children’s Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre, Western University, London, UK

*Corresponding Author:
Taheri S
Department of Pediatrics
University of Western Ontario, London, UK
Tel: + 519-685-8500
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: May 18, 2017; Accepted Date: May 25, 2017; Published Date: June 09, 2017

Citation: Taheri S, Surak A, Bravo G, McMurray A, Altamirano-Diaz L (2017) A Case of Kwashiorkor Presenting with Pericardial Effusion. Med Rep Case Stud 2: 134. doi: 10.4172/2572-5130.1000134

Copyright: © 2017 Taheri S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Abstract Introduction: Kwashiorkor is a type of protein-calorie malnutrition often seen in children of impoverished countries and famine. It is a result of insufficient protein intake in the context of adequate caloric intake. Case report: We report a case of a 13-year-old male with trisomy 21 in Southwestern Ontario, Canada who presented with bilateral pneumonia, pericardial effusion and peripheral edema. Evaluation revealed severe dietary restriction, consistent with kwashiorkor. Child was placed on severely restrictive diet, particularly limiting dairy intake to one daily cup of plain, unfortified yogurt. His hospital course was complicated with severe hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia and hypophosphatemia. These findings resolved gradually upon slow introduction of well-balanced diet and adequate caloric and protein intake. Conclusion: Malnutrition is often underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed in developed countries with devastating outcomes if unrecognized. This makes it imperative to consider this diagnosis, recognize potential risk factors and be prepared to accurately assess overall nutritional status

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