A Clinical Study on Therapeutic Management and Impact of Patient Counselling on Hypertension
The face of hypertension has been changing rapidly over the last few decades, from a serious disease to a cardiovascular risk factor. Hypertension puts strain on the heart, probably leading to hypertensive heart disease and coronary artery disease. The first line of treatment for hypertension is to preventive lifestyle changes and which mainly includes dietary changes, physical exercise, and weight loss. These all have been shown significant reduction of blood pressure in people with hypertension. Diseases and medication related information help patients to adopt positive lifestyle that improves their health and quality of life. If hypertension is high enough to justify immediate use of medications, lifestyle changes are still recommended in conjunction with medication. Patient education has been instrumental in bringing about tremendous improvements in hypertension-related mortality, morbidity, life expectancy, and life quality. Patient counselling has evolved from an adjunct to medical therapy to an intervention in its own right. This was a four months prospective observational study in 1043 patients of private and public sector hospital and their case records were evaluated. The patients were counselled and patient information leaflets were given for their knowledge improvement. Further counselling was done with patient directly. Assessment of all collected data was done with statistical analysis.