A Closed Form Solution for Quantum Oscillator Perturbations Using Lie Algebras.
We give a new solution to a well-known problem, that of computing perturbed eigenvalues for quantum oscillators. This article is nearly self contained and begins with all the necessary algebraic tools to make the subsequent calculations. We define a new family of Lie algebras relevant to making computations for perturbed (anharmonic) oscillators, and show that the only two formally closed solutions are indeed harmonic oscillators themselves. Through elementary combinatorics and noncanonical forms of well-known Lie algebras, we are able to obtain a fully closed form solution for perturbed eigenvalues to first order.