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ISSN: 2332-0761

Journal of Political Sciences & Public Affairs
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Research Article

A Comparative Political Analysis of Poverty and Inequality in Nigeria and Britain

Abdur-Rahman Olalekan Olayiwola*

London School of Economics and Polit ical Science (L.S.E) University of London, London, UK

*Corresponding Author:
Abdur-Rahman Olalekan Olayiwola
London School of Economics and Political Science (L.S.E) University of London
London, UK
Tel: +234-(0)8022237937
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: October 20, 2014; Accepted Date: December 06, 2014; Published Date: December 18, 2014

Citation: Olayiwola ARO (2014) A Comparative Political Analysis of Poverty and Inequality in Nigeria and Britain. J Pol Sci Pub Aff 2:138. doi:10.4172/2332-0761.1000138

Copyright: © 2014 Olayiwola ARO. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

This paper on a comparative political analysis of poverty and inequality in Nigeria and Britain cautions that the issues of poverty and inequality and the policies to address them should not be ignored in the reallocation of public resources. All over the world, poverty and inequality have continued to increase rapidly in relative terms over the last decade. In Nigeria, there has been a polarization between the rich and the poor along neo-colonial capitalist lines. For over fifty-four years of political independence, Nigerians have been afflicted with abject poverty in the midst of abundant natural and manpower resources. The grinding poverty has manifested itself in poor feeding, poor housing, poor clothing, poor health, poor education, poor transportation, poor communication, poor political participation, poor economy, poor environmental, and poor social policies to tackle problems of poverty and inequality. The country has failed to embark on meaningful, effective and truthful total planning, total mobilization and considerable regimentation which are important pre-requisites of rapid progress in combating poverty and inequality. The paper begins with theoretical conceptualizations and conceptual clarifications of poverty and inequality, discusses types of poverty, barometers of measuring poverty and inequality, x-rays causes of poverty and inequality, analyses the problematic problems of poverty and inequality, suggests actions to be taken to address the issues and makes policy recommendations. The paper also relates poverty and inequality to an investigation of the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs are United Nations’ facilitated development goals that were established at its Millennium Summit in 2000. The goals which were adopted as United Nations Millennium Declaration by 189 member countries and a number of international organizations are eight, namely: • Eradication of extreme hunger and poverty;

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