alexa A Comparative Study of Heavy Metal Concentrations in Ne
ISSN: 2473-3350

Journal of Coastal Zone Management
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Research Article

A Comparative Study of Heavy Metal Concentrations in Nerita lineata from the Intertidal Zone between Dumai Indonesia and Johor Malaysia

 
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Abstract

The concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni and Fe were determined in the marine gastropod Nerita
lineata collected on May 2005 from the intertidal zone of fourteen stations in Dumai, Indonesia (mean
length 21.43 – 24.04 mm) and ten stations in Johor, Peninsular Malaysia (mean length 22.61 – 26.60
mm). The results of the present study showed that metal concentrations in the shell, operculum and soft
tissue of N. lineata varied at different sampling stations. The mean concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni
and Fe in the samples collected from Dumai were 4.14; 5.90; 44.43; 3.74; 20.73; 24.91 μg/g in shell;
4.16; 7.31; 51.78; 17.63; 23.52; 30.60 μg/g in operculum and 0.71; 15.16; 9.34; 94.69; 5.08; 397.96
μg/g dry weight in the total soft tissue; whilst those collected from Johor were 4.18; 5.06; 59.84;
4.8122; 19.29; 31.60 μg/g in shell; 4.73; 6.51; 60.57; 19.48; 20.68; 34.92 μg/g in operculum and 1.24;
18.02; 19.75; 95.09; 5.57; 473.56 μg/g dry weight in the total soft tissue, respectively. Samples of N.
lineata from both Dumai and Johor tend to show similar trend in metal accumulation in which the
concentrations of Cd, Pb and Ni decreased in the order: operculum > shell > soft tissue whilst Cu, Zn
and Fe in the order of soft tissue > operculum > shell. In general, samples from Johor accumulated
higher heavy metal concentrations when compared to samples from Dumai, except for Cu and Ni in the
shell and operculum, which exhibited vice versa situation. Higher concentrations of metals were
recorded in samples collected from the stations close to the industrial and anthropogenic activities.
However, most of the concentrations were still comparable to the previous reported studies from other
geographical areas.

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