A Comparative Study on the Water Quality of Two Nilotic Canals in the Delta of Egypt
- *Corresponding Author:
- Elsayed A Khallaf
Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science
Minufeya University, Shebeen Alkoom 32511, Egypt
Tel: +20 2 33371211
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: October 29, 2016; Accepted date: December 16, 2016; Published date: December 19, 2016
Citation: Khallaf EA, Galal M, Authman MMN, Zaid RA (2016) A Comparative Study on the Water Quality of Two Nilotic Canals in the Delta of Egypt. J Aquac Res Development 7:462. doi: 10.4172/2155-9546.1000462
Copyright: © 2016 Khallaf EA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The River Nile branches into irrigation canals, which extends for many kilometers (40 km to 85 km), where each represents a semi-independent ecosystem. Of those, Bahr Shebeen and Alkhadraweya Canals are present in the Minufiya Governorate, and extend through out other governorates in the Delta of Egypt. Water Quality data included the following parameters: total hardness, total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, dissolved oxygen, pH, Cl, Mg, Ca, Zn, Mn, PO4, Fe, NO3, and Cu. These parameters were examined and discussed, for significant relationships for each Canal. The favorability of each ecosystem for fish is examined, on the basis of fish growth condition. Subsequently, Water Quality Index was discussed for those Canals, and a WQI is suggested.