alexa A Comparison of Lamotrigine or Sodium Valproate on the
ISSN: 2167-7182

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research
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Research Article

A Comparison of Lamotrigine or Sodium Valproate on the Efficacy in Alzheimers disease with Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia: A Retrospective Open-Label Study Running Title: Efficacy of Anticonvulsants for BPSD

Hidenobu Suzuki1* and Yuichi Inoue2
1Department of Psychiatry, Suzuki Clinic [H.S.], Tokyo 168-0065, Japan
2Shakomae Kokorono Clinic [Y.I.], Tokyo 116-0011, Japan
Corresponding Author : Hidenobu Suzuki
Department of Psychiatry
Suzuki Clinic, 3-34-16 Hamadayama
Suginami, Tokyo
168-0065, Japan
Tel: +81 3 3311 5710
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+81 3 5377 3984
E-mail:
[email protected]
Received October 24, 2015; Accepted November 20, 2015; Published November 27, 2015
Citation: Suzuki H, Inoue Y (2015) A Comparison of Lamotrigine or Sodium Valproate on the Efficacy in Alzheimer’s disease with Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia: A Retrospective Open-Label Study Running Title: Efficacy of Anticonvulsants for BPSD. J Gerontol Geriatr Res 4:253. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000253
Copyright: © 2015 Suzuki H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Aim: We compared the clinical efficacy and subsequent changes in dosages of concomitantly used psychotropic drugs with lamotrigine and sodium valproate therapy in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) with Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms on Dementia (BPSD). Methods: This study was a 16-week, retrospective, open-label study. The 45 subjects were inpatients. The outcome measures assessed were BPSD and cognitive function. BPSD was assessed using the neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI) and cognitive function was assessed using the mini-mental examination (MMSE). The changes in the dosages of concomitant psychotropic drugs were also assessed. Results: Although the mean changes from baseline NPI scores and the two NPI subscales (agitation and irritability) decreased both in the lamotrigine therapy group and in the sodium valproate therapy group, no significant difference was found between the two groups. The mean decrease in diazepam-equivalent dose from baseline was significantly greater in the lamotrigine therapy group than that in the sodium valproate therapy group (p < 0.05). Furthermore, in the sodium valproate therapy group, the occurrence rates of somnolence, body tilt, and dizziness were all 30%. Conclusions: The results of this study suggested that while the administration of lamotrigine or sodium valproate might be effective in patients with severe AD with BPSD, special attention is required when using sodium valproate on a daily basis.

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