A Critical Study of Primary Education Situation in AJK StateFarooq MS* and Kai YT
Department of Sociology, Nankai University, Tianjin, China
- *Corresponding Author:
- Farooq MS
PhD Scholar Department of Sociology
Nankai University, Tianjin, China
Tel: +86 22 2350 4845
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date June 08, 2016; Accepted date June 14, 2016; Published date June 21, 2016
Citation: Farooq MS, Kai YT (2016) A Critical Study of Primary Education Situation in AJK State. Social Crimonol 4:139. doi:10.4172/2375-4435.1000139
Copyright: © 2016 Farooq MS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
AJK (Azad Jammu and Kashmir) is known as Pakistan Administered Kashmir and the government is a small administrative unit under overall sovereignty of Pakistan. It has a total area of 13297 sq kilometers with a 3.8 million population. This study critically examines the problems of primary education system in AJK State specifically in govt. primary schools in Pakistan administrative Kashmir, a part of former princely state called Azad Jammu and Kashmir. For this purpose a significant assessment of on hand literature was passed out. On the basis of deeper and critical investigation of literature, the study found that most neglected level of education is primary education which is poorly financed and poorly managed. The political interference in the system breeds corruption, favoritism and nepotism. The supervision system is weak and traditionally characterized having no effective mechanism for teacher training and poor system of accountability exist. Successive educational policies have failed to bring any positive changes in the system due to poor implementation and monitoring. The outdated curriculum of the primary education is executed. Assessment is based on the memory of the students rather than their performance. On the basis of this study it is recommended that problems can be solved by robust system of accountability, quality assessment system, eradication of corruption, non political interference, and quality curriculum and teachers motivation.