A Current Scenario and Novel Approaches to Degrade the Lignocellulosic Biomass for the Production of BiodieselPrashant Katiyar1*, Shailendra Kumar Srivastava1 and Vinod Kumar Tyagi2
1Department of Biochemistry and Biochemical Engineering, (Jacob School of Biotechnology and Bioengineering) Sam Higgin Bottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences (Deemed-to-be-University), Allahabad-211007, India
- Corresponding Author:
- Prashant Katiyar
Sam Higgin Bottom Institute of Agriculture
Technology and Sciences (Deemed University), Allahabad
Uttar Pradesh, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 06, 2014; Accepted date: Aparil 16, 2015; Published date: April 24, 2015
Citation: Katiyar P, Srivastava SK, Tyagi VK (2015) A Current Scenario and Novel Approaches to Degrade the Lignocellulosic Biomass for the Production of Biodiesel. J Fundam Renewable Energy Appl 5:161. doi:10.4172/2090-4541.1000161
Copyright: © 2015 Katiyar P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Biofuels derived from lignocellulose biomass are alternative options replacing fossil fuels in near future. Lignocellulose biomass consists of lignin, cellulose and hemicelluloses. These three elements form a complex network in lignocellulose biomass which is difficult to break by following traditional methods because of lignin. Pretreatment technologies makes possible to degrade the main barrier ie lignin.The possible pretreatment approaches are: organic solvent-water mixture, natural dyes, nanocatalyst, Ionic Liquids (ILs) treatments and combinational culture of bacterial strains i.e. Bacillus and Geobacillus species efficently produces biofuel via transesterification. Currently, the production of biofuels across the world has increased especially in U.S, India and other European countries. On account of following reasons: ecofriendly residues, less expensive and natural lubricant makes biofuels are better fuel for future generation. Furthermore, some important key policy actions have been discussed in article.