A Gift of Life: An Islamic Perspective in Organ Donation and Transplantation
Department of Endocrinology and Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Shahid Athar, MD, FACP, FACE
Clinical Associate Professor
Department of Medicine and Endocrinology
St. Vincent Hospital and Indiana University
School of Medicine Indianapolis 46260, Indiana, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: December 30, 2014; Accepted Date: February 25, 2015; Published Date: February 27, 2015
Citation: Athar S (2015) A Gift of Life: An Islamic Perspective in Organ Donation and Transplantation. J Transplant Technol Res 5: 146. doi: 10.4172/2161-0991.1000146
Copyright: © 2015 Athar S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Organ Donation and Transplantation is an issue that has widespread ramifications. In addition to the medical/
technical aspects, there are legal, moral, ethical, economic, logistical and humanitarian aspects. Each of these
aspects may have some peculiarity related to the donor and recipient. This paper deals primarily with the moral,
ethical and humanitarian aspects of the issue. From the viewpoint of Islam, organ transplantation is an acceptable
therapeutic value provided the following criteria are fulfilled:
1. There is no other equally effective therapeutic solution available that is simpler, safer and/or more cost
2. The organ donation does not result in any harm to the donor
3. The organ donation is done with the free will and full approval of the donor, or in the case of an unconscious
donor, or an organ donation taken from a cadaver, the approval of the next of kin or legal guardian.
4. In the case of the donation of a single organ upon which the life of the donor depends, e.g., the heart or liver,
the organ may not be removed from the donor until the donor’s brain stem death is ascertained.
5. The donated organ is a gift and is not sold.
6. If the transaction results in material or monetary gain to the donor or to the donor’s family, the gain must
not be in the form of price, but the donor or his/her family may accept a gift as a token of appreciation since
the donated organ is considered a gift to the recipient.
7. The transplantation of active reproductive organs is categorically forbidden.
8. The basic rule governing the entire transaction is that organ transplantation is considered a humanitarian act
of mercy accomplished with the free will and approval of all parties involved under no pressure, coercion or