A GIS Based Assessment of Heavy Metals Contamination in Surface Soil of Urban Parks: A Case Study of Faisalabad City-Pakistan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Parveen N
Department of Geography
GC University Faisalabad, Pakistan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: May 16, 2012; Accepted Date: June 20, 2012; Published Date: June 25, 2012
Citation: Parveen N, Ghaffar A, Shirazi SA, Bhalli MN (2012) A GIS Based Assessment of Heavy Metals Contamination in Surface Soil of Urban Parks: A Case Study of Faisalabad City-Pakistan. J Geogr Nat Disast 2:105. doi: 10.4172/2167-0587.1000105
Copyright: © 2012 Parveen N, ET AL. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The study investigated the environmental attribute of urban parks for risk assessment due to heavy metals mobilization into biosphere. Sixteen busiest urban parks located in the city of Faisalabad were analyzed for the Copper, Zinc, Nickel and Lead contamination. The research foundation was derived through the experimental observations. Analytical determinations of heavy metals contents were performed by ICP (Inductively Coupled Plasma) optical emission spectroscopy. Multivariate Geospatial analyses were performed, using GIS (Geographic Information System) techniques and statistical analysis with the help of SPSS 14. The investigations revealed that the metals mean concentration in the study area ranged from 25.02-111.15, 13.83-53.23, 9.30-26.00 and 0.00-18.93 mg/Kg for Zinc, Copper, Nickel and Lead respectively. One of the sites among the selected urban parks was reported to cross the acceptable limits for the Copper contamination in the soil which is pertinent to hepatic and basal ganglia degeneration.