A Historical Perspective on Presentations of Hypertensive Acute Heart Failure
- *Corresponding Author:
- Chad E Darling
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School
55 Lake Avenue North Worcester, MA, 01655, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: April 12, 2017; Accepted Date: May 12, 2017; Published Date: May 15, 2017
Citation: Darling CE, Sun JE, Goldberg J, Pang P, Baugh CW, et al. (2017) A Historical Perspective on Presentations of Hypertensive Acute Heart Failure. J Cardiovasc Dis Diagn 5:275. doi: 10.4172/2329-9517.1000275
Copyright: © 2017 Darling CE, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: The initial systolic blood pressure (SBP) in patients presenting to the hospital with acute heart failure (AHF) informs prognosis, diagnosis, and guides initial treatment. However, over time AHF presentations with elevated SBP appear to have declined. The present study examined whether the frequency of AHF presentations with systolic hypertension (SBP >160 mmHg) declined over a nearly two-decade time interval.
Methods: This study compares four historical, cross-sectional cohorts with AHF who were admitted to tertiary care medical centres in the North-eastern USA in 1995, 2000, 2006, and 2011-13. The main outcome was the proportion of AHF patients presenting with an initial SBP >160 mmHg.
Results: 2,366 patients comprised the study sample. The average age was 77 years, 55% were female, 94% white, and 75% had prior heart failure. In 1995, 34% of AHF patients presented with an initial SBP >160 mmHg compared to 20% in 2011-2013 (p<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression demonstrated reduced odds of presenting with a SBP >160 mmHg in 2006 (0.64, 95% CI 0.42-0.96) and 2011-13 (0.46, 95% CI 0.28-0.74) compared with patients in 1995.
Conclusion: The proportion of patients with AHF and initial SBP >160 mmHg significantly declined over the study time period. There are several potential reasons for this observation and these findings highlight the need for ongoing surveillance of patients with AHF as changing clinical characteristics can impact early treatment decisions.