A Prospective Audit of Blood Transfusion Requests in Rl Jalappa Hospital and Research Centre for Blood and Blood Components
- *Corresponding Author:
- Venkatachalapathy T S
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Tamaka, kolar, Karnataka
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: February 27, 2012; Accepted Date: April 25, 2012; Published Date: April 30, 2012
Citation: Venkatachalapathy TS, Das S (2012) A Prospective Audit of Blood Transfusion Requests in Rl Jalappa Hospital and Research Centre for Blood and Blood Components. J Blood Lymph 2:106. doi: 10.4172/2165-7831.1000106
Copyright: © 2012 Venkatachalapathy TS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Predetermined transfusion guidelines, pre transfusion approval, and transfusion audits are useful tools in the education of those ordering blood components, potentially resulting in the reduction of inappropriate use of blood components. In most cases, blood components released based on the demand of the ordering physician, despite the advice of the blood bank physician, were deemed as inappropriate transfusions. The present study was conducted upon 1694 episodes of transfusion units for different blood components over a period of 3 months from November 2011 to January 2012, out of total 1694 transfusion episodes in 920 requests for 796 patients. 124 patients had multiple requests. 208 males and 588 were females. . Single unit requisitions were 456, and two unit requisitions were 354, and 3 or more unit requisition in 110 requests. 222 requests contained >10 gms% as indication, 330 requests had 7.1- 9.9 gms%, and 250 requests with <7 gms%. Elective transfusion requests found in 100 requests and 369 had emergency request, and 451 didn’t contain any information. 136 patients received single unit transfusion. 660 patients had 2 or more than 2 unit transfusion. During this 3 month period 20.3 units /day was bled at blood bank and in camps. 26.4 units/day issued to both IP and OP requests. 18.4 units/day was issued to IP requests. 450 requests from Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBG dept), 735 requests had indication for blood transfusion written in the requisition. This study therefore suggests that prospective audits of blood component orders can help reduce inappropriate transfusions and can be a valuable educational tool for the ordering physicians as well as for residents in training.