A Randomised Single-Blinded Controlled Trial on the Effectiveness of Brief Advice on Smoking Cessation among Tertiary Students in MalaysiaDe Silva WDAS1, Awang R1, Samsudeen S1 and Hanna F2*
- *Corresponding Author:
- Hanna F
Program of Public Health, Department of Health Sciences
College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, Qatar
Tel: +974 4403-451
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 06, 2016; Accepted date: February 23, 2016; Published date: February 28, 2016
Citation: De Silva WDAS, Awang R, Samsudeen S, Hanna F (2016) A Randomised Single-Blinded Controlled Trial on the Effectiveness of Brief Advice on Smoking Cessation among Tertiary Students in Malaysia. J Health Med Inform 7:217. doi:10.4172/2157-7420.1000217
Copyright: © 2016 De Silva WDAS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Abstract Introduction: Tobacco smoking, a habitual behavior, is addictive and detrimental to health. Quitting requires personal abilities and environmental opportunities and therefore, improving these abilities and opportunities will undoubtedly act on smokers’ motivation to quit. Methods: A prospective single-blinded randomized controlled interventional study was conducted among first year undergraduate students in Malaysia. A total of eighty smokers were randomly allocated to a control or intervention groups (40/40). Randomization remained concealed from research personnel. All participants were followed up for six months to evaluate abstinence. Results: Quit line enrolment rate of the intervention group was 55% (22) compared to 7.5% (3) in the control (P < 0.001 95% CI 30.1 - 64.9). In the intervention group 27% (6) sustained quitting for six months compared to none in the control group. Conclusion: This study has shown that brief advice for smoking cessation is more effective than an information leaflet alone to promote quitting and that to maintain abstinence quit line follow up is necessary. Larger samples size and longer follow up studies are needed to further confirm these findings.